The Stanford Headache and Facial Pain Program Publications


Peretz A, Start-Inbar A, Harris D, Tamir S, Shmuely S, Ironi A, Halpern A, Chuang L, Riggins N. Safety of remote electrical neuromodulation for acute migraine treatment in pregnant women: A retrospective controlled survey-study. Headache 63, 968–970 (2023).

Zhang N, Robbins MS. Migraine. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2023;176(1):ITC1-ITC16. 

Walker D, Zhang N, Natbony L. Insomnia and migraine: A review of evidence-based, biobehavioral interventions. Current Pain and Headache Reports. 2023;27(2):19-25. 

Pillai S, Zhang N. The role of manual therapies in the treatment of headache disorders. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports. 2023;23(8):399-405.  

Nandyala A, Zhang N. Primary cough headache. Current Pain and Headache Reports. In press. 2023. 

Kuruvilla D, Natbony L, Chandwani B, Jann A, Bradley B, Zhang, N. Complementary and Integrative Medicine for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia and trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia. Current Pain and Headache Reports. 2023. 

Callen, Andrew L., Peter Lennarson, and Ian R. Carroll. 2023. A Causative Role for Remote Dural Puncture and Resultant Arachnoid Bleb in New Daily Persistent Headache: A Case Report. Headache 63 (7): 981–83. doi:10.1111/head.14584.

Callen, Andrew, Jack Pattee, Ashesh A. Thaker, Vincent M. Timpone, David Zander, Ryan Turner, Marius Birlea, Danielle Wilhour, Chantal O’Brien, Jennifer Evan, Fabio Grassia, and Ian Carroll. 2023. Relationship of Bern Score, Spinal Elastance, and Opening Pressure in Patients With Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension. Neurology, April. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000207267.

James S. Khan MSc MD, Nina D’hondt MD, Yasmine Hoydonckx  MSc MD, Meghan Poddar MD, Ian Carroll MD MS. 2023 “Glucagon-like Peptide-1 Analogue in the Management of Rebound Intracranial Hypertension: A Case Report.” Ann Head Med. 11 (2). doi:10.30756/ahmj.2023.11.02.

Moskatel LS. Graber-Naidich A., He Z., Zhang N. The Introduction of the CGRP Monoclonal Antibodies and their Effect on the Prescription Patterns of Migraine Preventive Medications in a Tertiary Headache Center: A Retrospective, Observational Analysis. Headache. 2023.

Moskatel LS. Zhang N. Comparative Prevalence and Characteristics of Fabricated Citations in Large Language Models in Headache Medicine. Headache. 2023.

Moskatel LS., Zhang N. The Utility of ChatGPT in the Assessment of Literature on the Prevention of Migraine: An Observational, Qualitative Study. Frontiers in Neurology. 2023.

Sia T., Webb T., Li S., Moskatel LS., Chang, A. An exploratory, comparative case series of calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibodies in migraine patients with rosacea. British Journal of Dermatology. 2023.

Moskatel LS. Zhang N., The Role of Step Therapy in the Treatment of Migraine. Current Pain and Headache Reports. 2023.

Moskatel LS. Graber-Naidich A., He Z., Zhang N. Real world evidence of changes in CGRP monoclonal antibody and onabotulinumtoxinA prescription practices at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic: an observational, retrospective study. Headache. 2023. DOI: 10.1111/head.14585

Moskatel LS., Slusky DJG. The Impact of COVID-19 on Alcohol Sales and Consumption in the United States: a Retrospective, Observational Analysis. Alcohol. 2023. DOI: 10.1016/j.alcohol.2023.05.003

Moskatel LS., Slusky DJG. The Impact of COVID-19 Incidence on Emergency Medical Services Utilization. Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2023. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2023.04.017

Aggarwal A, Barad M, Braza DW, McKenzie-Brown AM, Lee D, Mayer RS, Przkora R, Kohan L, Koka A, Szabova A. Pain Medicine Milestones 2.0: A Step into the Future. Pain Med. 2023 Feb 14;pnad014. PMID: 36786406,

Aggarwal AK, Kohan L, Moeschler S, Rathmell J, Moon JS, Barad M. Pain Medicine Education in the United States: Success, Threats, and Opportunities. Anesthesiol Clin. 2023 Jun;41(2):329-339. PMID: 37245945,

Sturgeon JA, Ehde DM, Darnall BD, Barad MJ, Clauw DJ, Jensen MP. Psychological Approaches for Migraine Management. Anesthesiol Clin. 2023 Jun;41(2):341-355. PMID: 37245946,


Ogunlaja OI, Goadsby PJ. Headache: Treatment update. eNeurologicalSci. 2022;29:100420.

Barad M, Ailani J, Hakim SM, Kissoon NR, Schuster NM. Percutaneous Interventional Strategies for Migraine Prevention: A Systematic Review and Practice Guideline. Pain Med. 2022 Jan 3;23(1):164-188. PMID: 34382092,

Chen Q, Yi DI, Perez JNJ, Liu M, Chang SD, Barad MJ, Lim M, Qian X. The Molecular Basis and Pathophysiology of Trigeminal Neuralgia. Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Mar 25;23(7):3604. PMID: 35408959, PMCID: PMC8998776,

Minen, M. T. Khanns, D., Guiracocha, J., Ehrlich, A., Khan, F. A., Ali, A. S., Birlea, M., Singh, N. N., Peretz, A.M., Larry Charleston, I. V. The role of urgent care centers in headache management: a quality improvement project. BMC Health Services Research vol. 22 Preprint at (2022). *Participated in data acquisition 

Cowan, R. P., Rapoport, A.M, Blythe, J., Rothrock, J., Knievel, K., Peretz, A.M., Ekpo, E., Sanjanwala, B.M., Woldeamanuel, Y.W. Diagnostic accuracy of an artificial intelligence online engine in migraine: A multi‐center study. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain vol. 62 870–882 Preprint at (2022).

Kanegi SL, Zhang N, Armand CE, Halker Singh RB, Robbins MS, Vinokur M, Lee J, Rosen N. Headache fellowship match shareholder insights. Headache. 2022;62(6):766-769.  

Gupta, Abhinav, Victoria C. Madriz, Ian R. Carroll, and Vivianne L. Tawfik. 2022. Successful Epidural Fibrin Glue Patch to Treat Intracranial Hypotension in a Patient with Bacteraemia and Malignancy. BJA Open 4 (December): 100091. doi:10.1016/j.bjao.2022.100091.

Carroll, Ian. 2022. “Popping the Balloon.” Headache, January. doi:10.1111/head.14262.

Carroll, Ian, and Andrew Callen. 2022. Phase Contrast Spine MRI for the Evaluation of CSF Leak, and Why It Matters. Neurology, November. doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000201694.

Moskatel LS., Smirnoff L. Headache and Dizziness after Roller Coaster Rides: A Case Series of 31 Patients. Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 2022. 1-4. DOI:10.1017/cjn.2022.315

Moskatel LS., Smirnoff L. Protracted Headache after COVID-19: A Case Series of 31 Patients from a Tertiary Headache Center. Headache. 2022;00:1-5. DOI:10.1111/head.14337

Moskatel LS., Zhang N. Migraine and Diet: Updates in Understanding. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports. 2022.

Wodeammanuel Y, Cowan RP. Computerized Migraine diagnostic tools: a systematic review Ther Adv Chronic Dis 2022, Vol. 13: 1–16DOI: 10.1177/20406223211065235  

Krimmel SR, DeSouza DD, Keaser ML, Sanjanwala BM, Cowan RP, Lindquist MA, Haythornthwaite JA, Seminowicz DA. Three Dimensions of Association Link Migraine Symptoms and Functional Connectivity. J Neurosci. 2022 Aug 3;42(31):6156-6166. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1796-21.2022. Epub 2022 Jun 29. PMID: 35768210


Hurley RW, Adams MCB, Barad M, Bhaskar A, Bhatia A, Chadwick A, Deer TR, Hah J, Hooten WM, Kissoon NR, Lee DW, Mccormick Z, Moon JY, Narouze S, Provenzano DA, Schneider BJ, van Eerd M, Van Zundert J, Wallace MS, Wilson SM, Zhao Z, Cohen SP. Consensus practice guidelines on interventions for cervical spine (facet) joint pain from a multispecialty international working group. Pain Med. 2021 Nov 26;22(11):2443-2524. PMID: 34788462, PMCID: PMC8633772,

Additional publication - Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2022 Jan;47(1):3-59. doi: 10.1136/rapm-2021-103031. Epub 2021 Nov 11. PMID: 34764220


Ogunlaja O, Karsan N, Goadsby P. Emerging drugs for the prevention of migraine. Expert Opin Emerg Drugs. 2021;26(3):271-80.

Barad MJ, Sturgeon JA, Hong J, Aggarwal AK, Mackey SC. Characterization of chronic overlapping pain conditions in patients with chronic migraine: A CHOIR study. Headache. 2021 Jun;61(6):872-881. PMID: 34184263, PMCID: PMC8577690,

Ansari JR, Barad M, Shafer S, Flood P. Chronic disabling postpartum headache after unintentional dural puncture during epidural anaesthesia: a prospective cohort study. Br J Anaesth. 2021 Oct;127(4):600-607. PMID: 34548152,

Barad M, Carroll I, Reina MA, Ansari J, Flood P. Did she have an epidural? The long-term consequences of postdural puncture headache and the role of unintended dural puncture. Headache. 2021 Oct;61(9):1314-1323. PMID: 34570902,

Hascalovici J, Kohan L, Spektor B, Sobey C, Meroney M, Anitescu M, Barad M, Steinmann A, Vydyanathan A, Wahezi S. The Pain Medicine Fellowship Telehealth Education Collaborative. Pain Med. 2021 Dec 11;22(12):2779-2805. PMID: 34402913,

Chan, T. L. H., Kim, D. D., Lanzman, B. & Peretz, A.M. Horner’s Syndrome and Thunderclap Headache. Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 48, 141–143 (2021).

Zhang N, Woldeamanuel Y. Medication Overuse Headache in patients with chronic migraine using cannabis: a case-referent study. Headache. 2021;61(8):1234-1244.  

Chan TLH, Vuong K, Chugh T, Carroll I. Cerebellar tonsillar descent: A diagnostic dilemma between Chiari malformation type 1 and spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak. Heliyon 2021;7:e06795.

Yoon D, Cipriano PW, Penticuff R, Castillo JB, Xu Y, Carroll IR, et al. Abnormal [18F]FDG PET/MRI findings in paraspinal structures of patients with suspected cerebrospinal fluid leak. Sci Rep 2021;11:15926.

Carroll IR, Friedman DI. Editorial: Neuroimaging for Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension Turned on its Side. Neurology 2021.

Baron R, Steenerson KK, Alyono J. (2021) Acute Vestibular Syndrome and ER Presentations of Dizziness. Otolaryngology Clinics North Am, Volume 54, 925 - 938  

Moskatel LS., Schuster NM. Medication-Overuse Headache: Results from a Pain Medicine Clinic Cohort. Ann Head Med. 2021;06:03. DOI: 10.30756/ahmj.2021.06.03

Moskatel LS., Mallick-Searle T., Carroll I., Hashmi S., Barad M. Headaches Attributed to Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension. Practical Neurology. In press. 2021.

Migdal CW., Moskatel LS., Schuster NM. Headache made SIMPAL: a simple mnemonic for the approach to headache and migraine. Pain Medicine. 2021. DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnaa429.

Pavlovic, JM, Yu, JS, Silberstein, SD, Reed ML, Cowan RP, Dabbous F, Puliicharram R, Vswanathan HN, Lipton RB.  Evaluation of the 6‐item Identify Chronic Migraine screener in a large medical group. Headache. 2021; 00: 1– 8.   

Maiga, Y., Sangho, O., Konipo, F., Diallo, S., Coulibaly, S. D., Sangare, M., Péréon, Y., Giumelli, B., Sanou, M., Coulibaly, A., Diallo, S., Daou, M., Traoré, Z., Albakaye, M., Traoré, H. A., Guinto, C. O., Ouologem, M., Kuate-Tegueu, C., Bouhassira, D., Cowan, R., Nizard, J Feb 06, 2021 Neuropathic pain in Mali: The current situation, comprehensive hypothesis, which therapeutic strategy for Africa? eNeurologicalSci 2021; 22: 100312 2021 Feb 06, 2021   

Cowan RP, et al. Evidence that blood-CSF barrier transport, but not inflammatory biomarkers, change in migraine, while CSF sVCAM1 associates with migraine frequency and CSF fibrinogen Journal: Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain 2021 Mar;61(3):536-545. Soi: 10.111/head.14088

Bharadwaj VM, Porreca F, Cowan RP, Kori S, Silberstein S, Yeomans DC. A new hypothesis linking oxyitocin to menstrual migraine. Headache. First published 14 June 2021.

Marmura MJ, Diener HC, Cowan RP, Tepper SJ, Diamond ML Starling. AJ, Hirrman J, MehtaL,Brevig T, Cady R. Preventive migraine treatment with eptinezumab reduced acute headache medication and headache frequency to below diagnostic thresholds in patients with chronic migraine and medication-overuse headache. Headache: Journal of Headache and Facial Pain. First published: 22 September 2021


Yao AL, Barad M. Diagnosis and management of chronic facial pain. BJA Educ. 2020 Apr;20(4):120-125. PMID: 33456940, PMCID: PMC7807944,

Holsteen KK, Hittle M, Barad M, Nelson LM. Development and Internal Validation of a Multivariable Prediction Model for Individual Episodic Migraine Attacks Based on Daily Trigger Exposures. Headache. 2020 Nov;60(10):2364-2379. PMID: 33022773, PMCID: PMC9645460,

DeSouza, D. D., Woldeamnuel, YW, Sanjanwala BM, Bissell DA, Bishop JH, Peretz AM, Cowan PR. Altered structural brain network topology in chronic migraine. Brain Struct. Funct. 225, 161–172 (2020).

Woldeamanuel, Y. W., Sanjanwala, B. M., Peretz, A. M. & Cowan, R. P. Exploring Natural Clusters of Chronic Migraine Phenotypes: A Cross-Sectional Clinical Study. Sci. Rep. 10, 2804 (2020).        

Peretz, A.M., Dujari, S., Cowan, R. & Minen, M. ACEP Guidelines on Acute Nontraumatic Headache Diagnosis and Management in the Emergency Department, Commentary on Behalf of the Refractory, Inpatient, Emergency Care Section of the American Headache Society. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain vol. 60 643–646 Preprint at (2020).

Zhang N, Houle T, Hindiyeh N, Aurora S. Systematic Review: Acupuncture vs. Standard Pharmacological Therapy for Migraine Prevention. Headache. 2020; 60(2):309-217.

Zhang N, Armand C, Berk T, Friedman D. The state of the headache fellowship application process and attitudes toward the match. Neurology. 2020; 95(10).

Natbony L, Zhang N. Acupuncture for migraine: A review of the data and clinical insights. Current Pain and Headache Reports. 2020; 24(32).

Zhang N, Armand C., Berk T., Rosen, N. Introducing the National Headache Fellowship Opportunities Website. Headache. 2020; 60(9):2078-2080.

Zhang N, Chan TLH, Cowan, R. Reimagining Headache Fellowship. Headache. 2020; 60(10):2613-2617.

Tolebeyan A, Zhang N, Cooper V, Kuruvilla D. Headache in patients with SARS-COV-2 infection: A narrative review. Headache 2020; 60(10):2131-2138.

Chan TLH, Cowan R, Hindiyeh N, Hashmi S, Lanzman B, Carroll I. Spinal cerebrospinal fluid leak in the context of pars interarticularis fracture. BMC Neurol 2020;20:162.

Chan, T. L. H., Kim, D. D., Hashmi, S. & Carroll, I. Pearls and Oy-sters: Dural defect repair as treatment for refractory headache from CSF leak. Neurology (2020). doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000010476

Pasumarthi, A., Luo, A., Shah, H. & Carroll, I. Letter: Considering Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks in Ehlers-Danlos Patients: Raising Awareness Amongst Neurosurgeons. Neurosurgery Open 1, (2020).

Moskatel LS., Vo JN., Nayak KR., Crum-Cianflone NR. Staphylococcus intermedius Brain Abscess as a Complication of Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation in a Patient with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2020. DOI:10.1093/ofid/ofaa467

Woldeamannual YM, Sanjanwala B, Cowan, RP.  Endogenous glucocorticoids may serve as biomarkers for migraine chronification. Therapeutic Advances in Chronic Disease 11 July 2020 DOI: 10.1177/2040622320939793

Chan TLH, Cowan RP, Woldeamanuel,YW. Calcitonin Gene‐Related Peptide Receptor Antagonists (Gepants) for the Acute Treatment of Nausea in Episodic Migraine: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis. Headache 09 June 2020

DeSouza DD, Cowan RP. Insights into chronic migraine pathophysiology – what measures of gray matter. Cephalalgia. June 24, 2020. 

Buse, D. C., Gandhi, S. K., Cohen, J. M., Ramirez-Campos, V., Cloud, B., Yang, R. Cowan, R. P. Sep 10, 2020 Improvements across a range of patient-reported domains with fremanezumab treatment: results from a patient survey study. The journal of headache and pain 2020; 21 (1): 109 More 2020  

Cowan, R. P., Gandhi, S. K., Cloud, B., Cohen, J. M., Buse, D. C., Ramirez-Campos, V., Ahn, A. H., Lipton, R. B. Aug 22, 2020 Patient Preference for Dosing Regimen and Perception of Dosing Flexibility With Fremanezumab for Migraine: Results From a Patient Survey Following Completion of a 1-Year Extension Study LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. 2020 

Cowan R. Moving the Needle: Desiloinig the Stakeholders in the Headache Space. Headache 60(9) pp2041. First published: 29 Sept 2020  

Yucel A, Thach A, Kumar S, Loden C, BEnsink M, Goldfarb N, Cowan RP. Estimating the Economic Burden of Migraine on US Employers. The American Journal of Managed Care, December 2020, Volume 26, Issue 12 

Diener, H.‐C., Marmura, M.J., Tepper, S.J., Cowan, R., Starling, A.J., Diamond, M.L., Hirman, J., Mehta, L., Brevig, T., Sperling, B. and Cady, R. (2020), Efficacy, tolerability, and safety of eptinezumab in patients with a dual diagnosis of chronic migraine and medication‐overuse headache: Subgroup analysis of PROMISE‐2. Headache.  

DeSouza, DD, Woldeamanuel YW, Sanjanwala BM, Bissell DA, Bishop JH, Peretz A, Cowan RP.  Altered structural brain network topology in chronic migraine. Brain Struct Funct.  2020 Jan;225(1):161-172. doi: 10.1007/s00429-019-01994-7. Epub 2019 Dec 2    

DeSouza DD, Cowan RP. Insights into chronic migraine pathophysiology - what measures of gray matter reveal.  Cephalalgia. 2020 Sep;40(10):1136-1137. doi: 10.1177/0333102420933263. Epub 2020 Jun 14. PMID: 32536267 No abstract available.  

Kurruvilla DE, Mehta A, rasishankarr N, Cowan, RP. A Patient perspective of Complementary and Integrative Medicine (CIM) for Migraine Treatment: A social media survey. 2020 BMC Complementary Medicine and Therapies