AHFTC History

The Stanford heart transplant fellowship, established by Dr. Sharon Hunt in 1989, was the first program of its kind in the world to offer advanced training in the care of heart transplant recipients. The launch of the fellowship program was one of a series of ground-breaking innovations in the fields of advanced heart failure, heart transplantation, and mechanical circulatory support (MCS) at Stanford.

Stanford Heart Transplant/MCS Milestones


  1. Lower, R. R. & Shumway, N. E. Studies on orthotopic homotransplantation of the canine heart. Surgical forum 11, 18-19 (1960).
  2. Caves, P., Coltart, J., Billingham, M., Rider, A. & Stinson, E. Transvenous endomyocardial biopsy--application of a method for diagnosing heart disease. Postgraduate medical journal 51, 286-290 (1975).
  3. Billingham, M. E. Endomyocardial biopsy detection of acute rejection in cardiac allograft recipients. Heart and vessels. Supplement 1, 86-90 (1985).
  4. St Goar, F. G. et al. Intracoronary ultrasound in cardiac transplant recipients. In vivo evidence of "angiographically silent" intimal thickening. Circulation 85, 979-987 (1992).
  5. Snyder, T. M., Khush, K. K., Valantine, H. A. & Quake, S. R. Universal noninvasive detection of solid organ transplant rejection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108, 6229-6234 (2011).
  6. De Vlaminck, I. et al. Circulating cell-free DNA enables noninvasive diagnosis of heart transplant rejection. Science translational medicine 6, 241ra277 (2014).