The primary blood pressure related symptom of PD is orthostatic hypotension. Orthostatic hypotension is the term used when blood pressure drops upon standing from sitting, or upon sitting from lying down. The low blood pressure of orthostatic hypotension can cause dizziness, lightheadedness, and maybe even fainting (syncope).
Published by MSA Trust, April 2015
This 7-page fact sheet (PDF) was developed for people affected by MSA, but is just as useful to those with Parkinson’s disease, who are experiencing drops in blood pressure and postural hypotension. It covers symptoms, when they are likely to happen, what to do, exercise and other tips for daily living with OH, including medication options.
Published by the Parkinson's Foundation
This 2-page article (PDF) discusses the frequency of orthostatic hypotension in those with PD, the cause, symptoms and several simple measures that can be used to restore normal blood pressure regulation, including medication evaluation, increase of fluids and salty foods, caffeine, frequent small meals, environment, clothing, slow position change, bed position and medication options.
Published by the International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society, 2019
The 2-page fact sheet (PDF) explains orthostatic hypotension (OH) symptoms, some causes, what Parkinson’s patients can do to improve OH problems, medications that treat OH, and what to do when Parkinson’s patients experience OH. Photos of physical countermeasures are included.
Published by the Parkinson’s Association of Ireland, March 2012
This short web page explains the physical operation of blood pressure in the body, symptoms of low blood pressure and when they are most likely to occur, why low blood pressure is dangerous, medical treatments and lifestyle strategies to cope with low blood pressure, and a reminder that low blood pressure can affect the ability to drive safely.
Published by Lundbeck Pharmaceuticals.
This website explains neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) falls under a larger category called orthostatic hypotension (OH), also known as postural hypotension. nOH affects those with autonomic nervous system disorders. The site provides a symptom checker, an nOH specialist locator tool, management options, an educational video.
Published by the Parkinson’s Disease Foundation (Now the Parkinson's Foundation), June 2, 2015
This 2-page article highlights findings in a study published in Movement Disorders February 12, 2015 updating diagnosis and treatment guidelines for people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) who experience orthostatic hypotension (OH).
What’s Hot in PD? If you are Dizzy or Passing Out, it could be Your Parkinson’s Disease or Parkinson’s Disease Medications
By Michael S. Okun, MD. Published by the National Parkinson Foundation (Now the Parkinson's Foundation), July 2011
This 3-page article, with references, is a personal statement by Dr. Okun describing the mis-diagnoses Parkinson’s patients can be given when visiting the ER for symptoms of dizziness or syncope (passing out); outlining what defines a proper diagnosis of orthostatic hypotension, its frequency in people with Parkinson’s, medication and lifestyle changes that can help.
By the Michael J. Fox Foundation Third Thursdays Webinar, October 20, 2016
This 60-minute audio with slides is an interview of two neurologists and a person with Parkinson’s discussing the symptoms, causes, and how to mitigate episodes of low blood pressure, as well as high blood pressure and recent Phase III trial testing of the high blood pressure medication, isradipine, to slow Parkinson’s disease progression without lowering blood pressure too much. [Registration is required, but is free.]
By the Parkinson’s Foundation, June 5, 2020
In this 1-hour webinar, neurologist Albert Hung discusses how PD impacts blood pressure (BP) regulation, how to diagnose BP issues, and approaches to treating BP in those with PD. There is a short question and answer session as well.
Webinar notes on the Stanford PD Community Blog
By the Treat Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension Now Coalition, July 30, 2013
This 5-minute video uses medical animation to demonstrate how neurogenic orthostatic hypotension occurs in Parkinson’s disease, Multiple System Atrophy, and other neurodegenerative disorders; including symptoms, and diagnostic parameters.
By the Stanford Movement Disorder Center and Brain Support Network, September 18, 2017
Movement disorder specialist, Dr. Veronica Santini spoke for a half hour on orthostatic hypotension, a common symptom of Parkinson’s disease, Multiple System Atrophy and Lewy Body Dementia. Following her talk, moderator Candy Welch, Brain Support Network’s MSA caregiver support group leader, presented Dr. Santini with questions from webinar participants for another half hour.
Webinar notes on the Brain Support Network Blog
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology, July 14, 2011
This 1-page article, with references, explains the failure of the autonomic nervous system causing orthostatic hypotension, its specific definition, clinical profile, diagnostic method, and management to prevent falls.
By Seyed-Mohammed Fereshtehnejad and Johan Lokk. Hindawi Publishing Corporation, February 2, 2014
This article outlines a study which reviewed current evidences on epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in patients with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease and atypical parkinsonism. Conclusions include recommendation for further study of OH and routine screening for timely diagnosis and further assessments beyond the recommended 3 minute postural challenge currently used.
By Juan J. Figueroa, MD, Jeffrey R. Basford, MD, PhD, and Phillip A. Low, MD. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, May 2010, 77(5): 298-306
Drug therapy alone is never adequate to treat orthostatic hypotension. A patient-oriented approach that emphasizes education and nonpharmacologic strategies is critical. This article provides easy-to-remember management recommendations, using a combination of drug and non-drug treatments that have proven effective.
Last updated August 2020 by Stanford Parkinson's Community Outreach.