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Opinion: India’s covid-19 crisis is a dire warning for all countries

April 30, 2021.  Madhukar Pai is a professor of epidemiology and global health at McGill University. Manu Prakash is an associate professor of bioengineering at Stanford University’s Center for Innovation in Global Health.

The covid-19 crisis in India is a massive setback for the entire world. The scale of the nation’s surge is a warning not only for its neighboring countries, which are also experiencing sharp increases in cases, but also for countries around the globe. If we do not heed this warning and work on vaccine equity, we risk a forever pandemic with long-term cycles of lockdowns, economic damage and constant fear.
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KQED: COVID-19 in India (Anurag Mairal, Manu Prakash)


Stanford Researchers reveal that homes in flood plains are overvalued by nearly $44 billion

April 28, 2021.  As the climate changes, more frequent and intense flooding is a threat that many Americans face. In a new study, Stanford researchers explored whether U.S. housing markets respond efficiently to information about flood risk. They find that floodplain homes are overvalued, particularly in situations where buyers are less informed on flood risk.

Study lead author Miyuki Hino and study senior author Marshall Burke, an associate professor of Earth system science at Stanford Earth, pored over historical and current floodplain maps as well as detailed real estate transaction data to estimate the effect of regulatory floodplain maps on property values or what the researchers call the flood zone discount
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ScienceDaily
EurekAlert


Legal Recreational Cannabis Tied to More Claims of Self-Harm in Younger Men

April 2, 2021.  Findings seen among insured men younger than 40 years; no associations seen for women or other age groups.
Ellicott C. Matthay, Ph.D., from the University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues from Stanford University, Mathew Kiang, ScD and Holly Elser, PhD used comprehensive claims data on 75,395,344 commercial and Medicare Advantage health plan beneficiaries (2003 through 2017) to evaluate the association of state medical and recreational cannabis laws with self-harm and assault.
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HealthDay News


Chronic viral infections can have lasting effects on human immunity, similar to aging

March 31, 2021.  Research from the Buck Institute and Stanford University suggests that chronic viral infections have a profound and lasting impact on the human immune system in ways that are similar to those seen during aging.
Purvesh Khatri, Stanford Center for Biomedical Informatics Research and PHS  faculty fellow at Stanford University School of Medicine is collaborating on this project.


Coffee capsules put to use for coronovirus tests

March 31, 2021.  Low-cost device uses aluminum coffee pods to hold at-home RNA tests.
“We need lots of innovations to bring the price of diagnostics down,” says Manu Prakash of Stanford University, who is also working on low-cost testing options. “What is the point of having phenomenal tools if only a small portion of people can afford them?” he adds.


Stanford’s look back on one year of the pandemic

March 23, 2021.  March 19 marks the one-year anniversary of California’s stay-at-home order. Despite a year apart, the Stanford community has contributed in meaningful ways by shifting research to focus on COVID-19, finding creative ways to teach remotely, connecting with the arts from home and helping other communities. See video featuring interviews by members of the Prakash Lab, Jure Leskovec and Marshall Burke.


Satellite images show air pollution returning to pre-pandemic levels as restrictions loosen

March 17, 2021.  After a decline due to the Covid-19 lockdowns, air pollution levels are bouncing back to their pre-pandemic numbers, according to an analysis of satellite imagery.
As restrictions loosen in some countries and residents return to regular activities, levels of nitrogen dioxide, an air pollutant caused most commonly by emissions from cars, are returning to their previous levels, the European Space Agency reported on Monday.
Marshall Burke, an assistant professor at Stanford's Department of Earth System Science, and PHS faculty fellow said at the time that the better air quality could have saved between 50,000 and 75,000 people from dying prematurely.


A Story One Year in the Telling:  The Stanford COVID Modeling Project

March 16, 2021.  The Stanford-CIDE Coronavirus Simulation Model was established in the frightening days when the world was realizing a deadly virus in China would become a pandemic. A look at its accomplishments and projects one year later.  Marissa Reitsma, a PhD student in health policy and Anneke Claypool, a PhD candidate in management science and engineering  who won an early-career grant from the Stanford Center for Population Health Sciences to analyze multiple streams of data, which they are using to evaluate the effects of different interventions and policies in order to identify the most important drivers of racial disparities.


Stanford sociologist uncovers the hidden side of pandemic life

March 10, 2021. We hear all the time that the pandemic has “cast a sharp light” on American inequality. And indeed it has. But it’s not only exposed long-standing inequalities in the American workforce, it’s also created fundamentally new types of inequality, most notably a stark risk divide between workers in remote and face-to-face occupations, says Stanford sociologist and PHS faculty fellow, David Grusky.


New Stanford study finds reading skills among young students stalled during the pandemic

March 9, 2021. Stanford researchers find that reading fluency among second- and third-graders in the U.S. is roughly 30 percent behind what would be expected in a typical year.  
“It seems that these students, in general, didn’t develop any reading skills during the spring – growth stalled when schooling was interrupted and remained stagnant through the summer,” said Benjamin Domingue, an assistant professor at Stanford GSE and PHS faculty fellow, and first author on the study.
More Media coverage:
The Mercury News


A Better Measuring Stick: Algorithmic Approach to Pain Diagnosis Could Eliminate Racial Bias

March 5, 2021. Among the many mysteries in medical science, it is known that minority and low-income patients experience greater pain than other parts of the population.  Now, a team of researchers, including Stanford computer scientist Jure Leskovec, faculty fellow with Stanford Center for Population Health Sciences, has used AI to more accurately and more fairly measure severe knee pain.
More media coverage:
The Good Men Project


How climate change could put more MS patients in danger

March 4, 2021. As average temperatures around the globe climb, a preliminary study has found people with multiple sclerosis may expect worsening symptoms, enough to send them to the hospital more often. Study author Holly Elser, a fourth-year Stanford medical student and PHS postdoctoral research fellow, is quoted in this HealthDay News article. 
More media coverage:
EurekAlert
Medical Xpress
MEAWW
Helio
Multiple Sclerosis News Today
NEWSMAX health


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