list : Neuroscience
Refining law on the definition of death
Experts propose revising the legal and medical standard on declaring someone dead based on respiratory function and likelihood of consciousness rather than cessation of brain function.
Brain plasticity leads to worse seizures
A brain mechanism needed for learning explains why epileptic seizures become more frequent, but a finding in rodents offers hope for treatment, according to a new study.
Teens’ brains tuned to unfamiliar voices
Around age 13, kids’ brains shift from focusing on their mothers’ voices to favor new voices, part of the biological signal driving teens to separate from their parents, a Stanford Medicine study has found.
Neurobiologist Denis Baylor dies at 82
Baylor, former chair of the Department of Neurobiology, gained international recognition for discovering the electrical language used by the retina to translate light from the outside world into signals that the brain reads.
Electric current aids stroke recovery
Stanford scientists have developed a device that delivers and electrically stimulates stem cells to promote stroke healing.
Hyperexcitable neurons drive sleep instability
Researchers have identified a mechanism underlying fragmented sleep with older age, paving the way for potential drug therapies.
Gene behind ALS hallmark discovered
Stanford Medicine researchers have linked a specific gene known to be associated with ALS with a characteristic of the disease, opening avenues for a targeted therapy.
Autism is different in girls’ brains
Girls with autism differ in several brain centers compared with boys with the disorder, suggesting gender-specific diagnostics are needed, a Stanford study using artificial intelligence found.
Sex differences in genes of mice brains
Stanford scientists found more than 1,000 gene-activation differences between female and male mice’s brains, plus more than 600 between females in different stages of their reproductive cycle.
New possible ALS genes discovered
Using machine learning, Stanford Medicine scientists and their colleagues have found hundreds of genes that could play a role in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.