The goal of treatment is to help relieve the pain, fatigue, anxiety, and other symptoms associated with fibromyalgia.
Initial treatment may include physical therapy and an exercise program. Light massage and relaxation techniques may be taught to help sufferers cope with stress and anxiety. Acupressure and acupuncture can also help reduce pain.
Medications such as antidepressants and muscle relaxants may also be prescribed to improve sleep and increase pain tolerance. Several antidepressants have been specifically approved for the treatment of fibromyalgia. These include duloxetine (Cymbalta), pregabalin (Lyrica), and milnacipran (Savella).
Other drugs are also used to treat fibromyalgia, including anti-seizure drugs, muscle relaxants, over-the-counter and prescription pain medications.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an important part of treatment. It helps patients deal with negative thoughts that can accompany fibromyalgia, and can help to identify the foods, activities, and habits that make symptoms worse.
In the meantime, it is important for people with fibromyalgia to eat a well-balanced diet, avoid caffeine, and follow a consistent sleep routine to improve the quantity and quality of sleep.