Prior Chairs, Leadership, and Trainees

Stanford Department Chairs

2014 – Current

Joseph Woo, MD

Chair & Norman E. Shumway Professor and, by courtesy, of Bioengineering

2005 – 2012

Robert C. Robbins, MD

Thelma and Henry Doelger Professor of Cardiovascular Surgery II (2009 – 2012)

Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery (2005 – 2012)  

1974 – 1993

Norman E. Shumway Jr., MD, PhD

Founder of Stanford Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and First Chair

2012 – 2013 (Interim)

Philip Oyer, MD, PhD

Roy B. Cohn-Theodore A. Falasco Professor, Emeritus

1993 – 2005

Bruce Reitz, MD

Norman E. Shumway Professor, Emeritus

A Stanford Legacy of Leadership

Elias Samuel Cooper, MD

Elias Cooper establishes the entity that becomes the Stanford School of Medicine in 1908.

Leo Eloesser, MD

Leo Eloesser joins the faculty of the Stanford Medical School in 1912, where he eventually becomes chief of the thoracic service of the Stanford University Division at San Francisco City and County Hospital. 

Emile Holman, MD

Emile Holman becomes the first chairman of the Department of Surgery at Stanford School of Medicine, serving from 1926 to 1955.  

Frank L.A. Gerbode, MD

Frank Gerbode performs the first open-heart operation on the West Coast in 1954, correcting an atrial septal defect using a new heart-lung machine he has designed.

John Gibbon, Jr., MD

John (Jack) Gibbon develops a heart-lung machine, with a vertical screen oxygenator, to successfully complete the first open-heart operation.

Richard R. Lower, MD

Richard (Dick) Lower’s scientific work in heart transplantation with Norman Shumway leads to their first successful heart transplant in a dog.

Norman E. Shumway Jr., MD, PhD

Known as the "father of the heart transplant," Norman E. Shumway performs the first successful heart transplantation in the U.S. in 1968. He goes on to establish the Stanford Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery in 1974. 

Edward B. Stinson, MD

Edward B. Stinson assists Norman Shumway in performing the first successful adult human-to-human heart transplant procedure in the U.S. in 1968.

Pat O. Daily, MD

Pat O’Daily is lead author of a seminal paper on the management of acute aortic dissections, which establishes the widely used Stanford classification system for aortic dissection.

Lawrence H. Cohn, MD

Lawrence H. Cohn completes his residency from 1969-1971 and trains under Norman Shumway. In 2015, Cohn and his wife establish the Lawrence H. and Mrs. Roberta Cohn Lectureship in Cardiovascular Surgery at Stanford Medical School.

James B.D. Mark, MD

James B.D. Mark serves as the first chief of the Division of Thoracic Surgery in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, a position he holds until 1997.

D. Craig Miller, MD

D. Craig Miller is the Thelma and Henry Doelger Professor Emeritus of Cardiovascular Surgery at Stanford School of Medicine from 1978 to 2021.

Bruce A. Reitz, MD

Bruce A. Reitz and Norman E. Shumway perform the world's first successful heart-lung transplant in 1981. Reitz is later named chair and the Norman E. Shumway Professor in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery.

R. Scott Mitchell, MD

R. Scott Mitchell trains under Norman Shumway and works closely with a team of Stanford researchers to build and implant the first aortic endograft in the U.S. and to pioneer the endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms and aortic dissections.

Randall Griepp, MD

Randall Griepp studies general and cardiac surgery in his early years of trianing under Norman Shumway in 1967 and later. A pioneering surgeon and researcher, Griepp goes on to develop a technique for total arch replacement using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. 

Philip E. Oyer, MD, PhD

Philip E. Oyer is the Roy B. Cohn-Theodore A. Falasco Professor Emeritus of Cardiothoracic Surgery and former acting interim Chair of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery. Oyer co-develops and is the lead surgeon on the implant of the first mechanical ventricular assist device (VAD) as a successful bridge-to-transplant in a patient at Stanford in 1984. 

Margaret Allen, MD

Margaret Allen trains under Norman Shumway at Stanford and becomes the first woman in the world to perform a heart transplant.

John Stevens, MD

John Stevens co-develops and commercializes the first specialized platform to facilitate minimally invasive heart surgery, and in 1991, set up Stanford Surgical Technologies, which later became "The Heartport System."

Vaughn Starnes, MD

Vaughn Starnes serves as director of Stanford's heart-lung transplantation program from 1989 to 1992 and successfully performs the world’s first lobar transplant, using a lung segment from a living donor. 

Michael Dake, MD

Michael Dake, together with D. Craig Miller and R. Scott Mitchell, implant the first aortic endograft in the U.S. in 1992.

Frank Hanley, MD

Frank Hanley is the Lawrence Crowley, M.D., Endowed Professor of Child Health and Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Stanford School of Medicine. He leads the Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Division (2001-present).

Robert C. Robbins, MD

Robert C. Robbins serves as chair of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Director of the Stanford Cardiovascular Institute from 2005 to 2012.

Joseph Shrager, MD

Joseph Shrager is professor and chief of the Division of Thoracic Surgery in the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery at Stanford School of Medicine (2008 – present). 

Michael Fischbein, MD, PhD

Michael Fischbein co-founded with Robert Robbins the nation’s first formal ACGME-approved integrated six-year cardiothoracic surgery residency in 2008. He currently serves as the Residency Program Director.

Y. Joseph Woo, MD

Y. Joseph Woo is the Norman E. Shumway professor and chair of the Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and associate director of the Stanford Cardiovascular Institute. Woo also serves, by courtesy, as professor of bioengineering at the Stanford School of Engineering. 

Distinguished Trainees of Stanford Cardiothoracic Surgery

Listings include graduation year and post-Stanford careers

Hans Georg Borst (1954)

Chair, Center for Surgery and Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Germany

Edward B. Stinson (1968)

Professor, CT Surgery; Director, Cardiac Transplantation, Stanford School of Medicine

Lawrence H. Cohn (1971)

Chief, Division of CT Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard SoM

Jack G. Copeland (1975)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Arizona SoM

D. Craig Miller (1977)

Professor, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine

Stuart W. Jamieson (1980)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Univ of California San Diego SoM

John C. Baldwin (1983)

Dean, Dartmouth University School of Medicine

Vaughn A. Starnes (1986)

Chair, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Univ of Southern CA

Thomas Burdon (1992)

Professor, Stanford University
Chief of Surgery, Palo Alto, VAMC

James Fann (1996)

Professor, Stanford University
Board of Directors, ABTS

Francois Dagenais (2000)

Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Universite Laval

David Yuh (2001)

Chief, Section of Cardiac Surgery, Yale University

Richard R. Lower (1961)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical College of Virginia

Pat O. Daily (1969)

Chief, Cardiac Surgery, University of California, San Diego

Randall B. Griepp (1972)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Mount Sinai School of Medicine

William Brody* (1975)

President, Johns Hopkins University

William A. Baumgartner (1978)

Chief, Div of CT Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine

John Wallwork (1981)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cambridge University SoM

Margaret Allen (1985)

Elected Nat'l president of the UNOS. Founded/director of UW Medical Center's heart transplant program.

Jeffrey Rich (1990)

Director, Ctr for Medicare Mgmt, CMS, U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services

Robert Robbins (1992)

Chair, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine

Marc Moon (1998)

Chief, Section of Cardiac Surgery, Washington University

John Ikonomidis (2000)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina

Jessica Donington (2007) 

Asst Prof Stanford; Pres, WIT and NY Society for Thoracic Surgery. Prof in Surgery and chief of Thoracic Surgery, Univ of Chicago

Vincent Dor (1967)

Chair, Cardiothoracic Center of Monaco

Thomas Fogarty (1970)

Professor, Stanford University
Founder, Fogarty Institute for Innovation

Philip E. Oyer (1974)

Professor, Department of CT Surgery, Stanford  School of Medicine

Bruce A. Reitz (1976)

Chair, Department of CT Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine

Donald C. Watson (1979)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Tennessee SoM

R. Scott Mitchell (1983)

Professor, Department of CT Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine

William H. Frist (1986)

Former United States Senator, Tennessee

Patrick McCarthy (1990)

Chief, Division of Cardiac Surgery, Northwestern University

Hermann Reichenspurner (1995)

Chair, Dept of CV Surgery, University of Hamburg

Joseph Schmoker (1998)

Chief, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Vermont

Abe DeAnda (2000)

Chief, Div of CT Surgery, Univ of Texas Medical, Branch at Galveston

* Dr. Brody began his postgraduate training and completed several years in cardiovascular surgery with Dr Shumway and completed a residency in radiology at Stanford.
 

Reference Citations

One Hundred Years of History at Stanford University: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Seminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery Woo, Y. J., Reitz, B. A.2015; 27 (4): 388-397

The Stanford experience of heart transplantation over five decades. European heart journal Zhu, Y., Lingala, B., Baiocchi, M., Toro Arana, V., Williams, K. M., Shudo, Y., Oyer, P. E., Woo, Y. J.2021