There is no specific cure for migraine headaches. The main objective is to reduce the frequency and severity of the episodes.
Lifestyle modification is the first line of defense against migraine. You will be taught how to recognize and avoid your specific migraine triggers to reduce the number of attacks. You will also be educated in regard to sleep, diet and exercise and their benefit in migraine treatment.
Medications are also used. Over-the-counter pain medications are commonly used. If they are not effective, you may be prescribed a preventive medication which is taken daily to prevent the headache. Additionally, you may be prescribed an abortant, most commonly a family of medications known as “Tritpans” used to stop the migraine once it starts. Because nausea may make it difficult to take medication orally, most medications are available in other forms including, orally dissolvable tabs, nasal sprays, suppositories, and injections.
Finally there are procedures such as injections of Botulinum toxin (Botox) may also help prevent migraine attacks, and nerve blocks which are typically used for more chronic migrainuers (with headaches more than 15 days per month).