Glossary of Terms
The removal of mucus secretions from the lungs by coughing or other methods.
Something that stops swelling
Medicines that kill bacteria (not viruses)
Medicine that opens and relaxes the lungs to aid breathing.
Someone that has one CF gene instead of two. They do not have CF but can give it to their child. For a child with CF, each parent either has CF (two CF genes) or is a carrier (one CF gene).
Chest clearance therapies
Treatments to clear lung mucus (chest physiotherapy, the Vest™, the Flutter®, Acapella™, etc.).
Chest physiotherapy (CPT)
Treatment to break up and loosen lung mucus so that it can be coughed out.
Lasting a long time. CF is a chronic disease. The opposite of "chronic" is "acute".
Tubes or pathways for secretions. Ducts are found in organs, organ systems, and glands. In CF, thick mucus can clog ducts and block secretions.
Enymes help to break down foods during digestion. In CF, mucus can block the tube that carries enzymes from the pancreas to the food. People with CF may take extra enzymes to help digest their food.
Relating to the stomach and intestines
The basic unit of heredity. Genes decide a big part of what people are like (eye color, looks, height, health). CF is caused by a defect of a gene. If the Dad's sperm has a CF gene and the Mom's egg has a CF gene, the child will have CF.
Having to do with genes (See "Gene"). A trait passed on from one family member to another.
Viruses or bacteria
A cell, group of cells, or organ that makes a secretion for use in the body
A secretion of certain glands. Hormones manage body functions like growth, maturing, and heart rate. Hormones are not affected by CF.
Shots needed to protect from illness
Stopping the spread of illness by washing, cleaning, avoiding sick people, etc.
The swelling of body tissues due to irritation or injury. Inflammation is a process by which the body's white blood cells and chemicals protect us from infection and foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses. Inflammation occurs with an infection.
Something that blocks the flow of food or feces in the intestines
Poor uptake of nutrients from food for use by the body. In CF, mucus can plugs the ducts that carry the enzymes and hormones used in digestion. The body can't digest food as well so doesn't get the nutrients from the food. The body needs nutrients for health and growth. A common symptom of CF is failure to thrive.
The middle point in a line of values. Above and below the median are an equal number of values. In "1 4 5 9 12", "5" is the median. Two numbers are above the 5, and two numbers are below it.
A thin, slippery fluid made by mucus membranes and glands. In CF, mucus is often thick and sticky.
Pills, fluids, snacks, and drinks that give the body extra nutrition.
Long gland-like organ found behind the stomach. The duct part of the pancreas secretes enzymes into the intestine to help break down food. In CF, mucus may clog the ducts and block digestion. The other part of the pancreas contains endocrine tissue, which makes the hormone insulin. Insulin controls how the body uses and stores sugar.
Pancreatic Enzyme Supplements