Perioperative Interventions to Reduce Chronic Postsurgical Pain
JOURNAL OF RECONSTRUCTIVE MICROSURGERY
2013; 29 (4): 213-222
Factors contributing to pain chronicity
CURRENT PAIN AND HEADACHE REPORTS
2009; 13 (1): 7-11
Approximately 10% of patients following a variety of surgeries develop chronic postsurgical pain. Reducing chronic postoperative pain is especially important to reconstructive surgeons because common operations such as breast and limb reconstruction have even higher risk for developing chronic postsurgical pain. Animal studies of posttraumatic nerve injury pain demonstrate that there is a critical time frame before and immediately after nerve injury in which specific interventions can reduce the incidence and intensity of chronic neuropathic pain behaviors-so called "preventative analgesia." In animal models, perineural local anesthetic, systemic intravenous local anesthetic, perineural clonidine, systemic gabapentin, systemic tricyclic antidepressants, and minocycline have each been shown to reduce pain behaviors days to weeks after treatment. The translation of this work to humans also suggests that brief perioperative interventions may protect patients from developing new chronic postsurgical pain. Recent clinical trial data show that there is an opportunity during the perioperative period to dramatically reduce the incidence and severity of chronic postsurgical pain. The surgeon, working with the anesthesiologist, has the ability to modify both early and chronic postoperative pain by implementing an evidence-based preventative analgesia plan.
View details for DOI 10.1055/s-0032-1329921
View details for Web of Science ID 000317597000001
View details for PubMedID 23463498
The dromedary sign - An unusual capnograph tracing
2008; 109 (1): 149-150
The chronicity of pain is the feature of pain that is least understood and most directly linked with our inability to effectively manage pain. Acute pain is relatively responsive to our current pharmacologic and interventional armamentarium. However, as pain persists, our ability to treat effectively diminishes and the patient's frustration and resource utilization increases. This article explores our current understanding of the factors linked to pain duration and the transition from acute to chronic pain in both human and animal models, and across a spectrum of human chronic pain conditions.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s11916-009-0003-3
View details for Web of Science ID 000263064900003
View details for PubMedID 19126364