To evaluate the efficacy, predictability, and safety of laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) for the treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism.Stanford University Eye Laser Center, Stanford, California, USA.This retrospective analysis comprised 102 eyes that had LASEK for myopia using the Bausch & Lomb Technolas 217 excimer laser. Primary outcome variables including uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle- corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), manifest refraction, and complications were evaluated at 3, 6, and 12 months. Vector analysis was performed on eyes that received astigmatic correction.The mean spherical equivalent was -7.03 diopters (D) +/- 2.61 (SD) preoperatively, +0.19 +/- 0.64 D at 3 months, +0.23 +/- 0.82 D at 6 months, and +0.03 +/- 0.63 D at 12 months (P<.001). At 3, 6, and 12 months, the UCVA was 20/20 or better in 66%, 67%, and 83% of eyes, respectively, and 20/40 or better in 98%, 99%, and 100%; 74%, 70%, and 83%, respectively, were within +/-0.5 D of emmetropia, and 89%, 86%, and 97%, respectively, were within +/-1.0 D. No eye lost more than 2 lines of BSCVA. At 3, 6, and 12 months, 10.0%, 8.7%, and 0% of eyes, respectively, had trace corneal haze. Vector analysis found a success rate of approximately 78% to 80% in achieving the astigmatic surgical correction at the 3 postoperative visits.Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy was an effective, predictable, and safe procedure for the treatment of myopia and myopic astigmatism. Further studies are needed to determine the role of LASEK in the refractive surgery spectrum.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jcrs.2004.02.083
View details for Web of Science ID 000224719200032
View details for PubMedID 15474827