Bio

Clinical Focus


  • Ophthalmology
  • Ophthalmology, Pediatric

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • Fellowship:Indiana University Hospitals (1986) IN
  • Internship:St Mary's Medical Center (1982) CA
  • Fellowship:Johns Hopkins University (1988) MD
  • Board Certification: Ophthalmology, American Board of Ophthalmology (1987)
  • Residency:Medical College of Wisconsin (1985) WI
  • Medical Education:University of Iowa (1981) IA

Research & Scholarship

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


Gene linkage - tuberous sclerosis; stabismus and, molteno implants; congenital stationary night blindness

Teaching

2013-14 Courses


Publications

Journal Articles


  • Choroidal infiltration in juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia BRITISH JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY Chang, G. C., Moshfeghi, D. M., Alcorn, D. M. 2006; 90 (8): 1067-1067

    View details for DOI 10.1136/bjo.2006.090191

    View details for Web of Science ID 000239111000035

    View details for PubMedID 16854839

  • Visual loss caused by pseudotumor cerebri in an infant on peritoneal dialysis PEDIATRIC NEPHROLOGY Belson, A., Alcorn, D. M., Yorgin, P. D., Fisher, P. G., Sarwal, M. 2001; 16 (3): 216-218

    Abstract

    Infants with chronic renal insufficiency have multiple risk factors for developing pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) and are at particular risk for being diagnosed with PTC late, because of their inability to express symptoms. We describe a 13-month-old infant dependent on peritoneal dialysis, without evidence of central nervous system infection or inflammation, who developed acute vision loss secondary to PTC. Signs of PTC in infants include torticollis, inattentiveness, inability to track, facial paresis, or new-onset strabismus. Physicians responsible for the care of children with renal failure should be aware of the potential for PTC, as the diagnosis should be made as early as possible to prevent permanent visual loss.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000167661800003

    View details for PubMedID 11322367

  • Excimer laser refractive surgery in the pediatric population JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC OPHTHALMOLOGY & STRABISMUS Haw, W. W., Alcorn, D. M., Manche, E. E. 1999; 36 (4): 173-177

    View details for Web of Science ID 000081538500002

    View details for PubMedID 10442722

  • Wernicke encephalopathy and Beriberi during total parenteral nutrition attributable to multivitamin infusion shortage PEDIATRICS Hahn, J. S., Berquist, W., Alcorn, D. M., Chamberlain, L., Bass, D. 1998; 101 (1)

    Abstract

    Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) is an acute neurologic disorder characterized by a triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and mental confusion. WE is attributable to thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency. Beriberi is the systemic counterpart of thiamine deficiency and often manifests in cardiovascular collapse. WE is usually associated with alcoholism and malnutrition. It has also been seen in people with gastrointestinal diseases with malabsorption. Patients who have received total parenteral nutrition (TPN) without proper replacement of thiamine have also developed WE. Since November 1996, there has been a shortage of multivitamin infusion (MVI). Many patients who were on chronic TPN with MVI ceased to receive the MVI and were converted to an oral form of the multivitamin. As a result, there have been several reports of children and adults on TPN who have developed WE as a result of thiamine deficiency. With this case report, we bring to attention the association of the MVI shortage and WE. Early diagnosis of WE is important, because if it is treated with thiamine in the acute stages, the neurologic and cardiovascular abnormalities can be reversed.We report a 20-year-old female patient with Crohn's disease who developed WE as a result of thiamine deficiency. She had Crohn's disease since age 9 years and was on chronic TPN. Two months before admission, MVI was discontinued in the TPN because of the shortage of its supply. An oral multivitamin tablet was substituted instead. She was admitted to the hospital for persistent vomiting. In the hospital, she continued to receive TPN without MVI, but continued taking an oral multivitamin preparation. Two weeks after admission, she developed signs of WE including diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, nystagmus, and memory disturbance. She also developed hypotension that was thought to be caused by beriberi. She was treated with 50 mg of intravenous thiamine. Within hours of the intravenous thiamine, her hypotension resolved. The day after the infusion, she no longer complained of diplopia, and her ophthalmoplegia had improved dramatically. Magnetic resonance imaging showed several areas of abnormally high signal on T2-weighted images in the brainstem, thalamus, and mamillary bodies. The topographic distribution of these changes was typical of WE. After 2 months, her mental status and neurologic status had recovered completely.WE and thiamine deficiency should be considered in all patients with malabsorption, malnutrition, and malignancies. WE from thiamine deficiency can occur as a result of cessation of MVI in the TPN infusion. Even if an oral multivitamin preparation is given instead of MVI, patients with malabsorption may not absorb thiamine adequately. Prompt diagnosis of WE is important because it is potentially fatal and readily treatable with thiamine supplementation. Early recognition of WE may be more difficult in children, because the classic triad of symptoms may not develop fully. Magnetic resonance imaging may be useful in these cases to confirm the diagnosis of WE. Because the shortage of MVI is expected to be a long-term, there are likely to be more cases of WE in the pediatric population of TPN-dependent children. Because there is no shortage of intravenous thiamine, it should be administered with TPN even if MVI is not available.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000071331400026

    View details for PubMedID 9417174

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