In rodents with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) injection has produced controversial results. Given the lack of data in large mammals, we searched the dose that would promote angiogenesis and expression of specific regenerative genes in sheep with AMI (protocol 1) and, subsequently, use this dose to study long-term effects on infarct size and left ventricular (LV) function (protocol 2). Protocol 1: Sheep with AMI received 250 μg (high-dose, n = 7), 25 μg (low-dose, n = 7) HMGB1, or PBS (placebo, n = 7) in 10 intramyocardial injections (0.2 ml each) in the peri-infarct area. Seven days later, only the high-HMGB1-dose group exhibited higher microvascular densities, Ki67-positive cardiomyocytes, and overexpression of VEGF, Ckit, Tbx20, Nkx2.5, and Gata4. Protocol 2: Sheep with AMI received HMGB1 250 μg (n = 6) or PBS (n = 6). At 60 days, HMGB1-treated sheep showed smaller infarcts (8.5 ± 2.11 vs. 12.2 ± 1.97% LV area, P < 0.05, ANOVA-Bonferroni) and higher microvascular density (capillaries, 1798 ± 252 vs. 1266 ± 250/mm2; arterioles, 18.3 ± 3.9 vs. 11.7 ± 2.2/mm2; both P < 0.01). Echocardiographic LV ejection fraction, circumferential shortening, and wall thickening increased from day 3 to 60 with HMGB1 (all P < 0.05). Conclusion: in ovine AMI, high-dose HMGB1 induces angio-arteriogenesis, reduces infarct size, and improves LV function at 2 months post-treatment.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s13346-019-00628-z
View details for PubMedID 30859393