(Women's Health and Sex Diversity in Medicine)
Welcome to the Stanford Women's Health and
Sex Diversity in Medicine (WHSDM) Center
Gendered Innovations: Time Specific Announcements
We are pleased to announce the launch of the Centre for Sex and Gender Equity in Health and Medicine, led in partnership by The George Institute for Global Health and the Australian Human Rights Institute at UNSW Sydney, Deakin University, and the Victorian Department of Health, 26th & 27th of March 2024.
I Picardi, T Addabbo, E Cois - AG About Gender-International Journal of Gender …, 2023
Gender Equality Plans have been widely adopted in the last two years by Italian
Universities with an acceleration that was undoubtedly affected by the European
Commission requirement for access to Horizon Europe research funding programme …
E Keogh, KE Boerner - Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2023
The focus of this article, within this BBI horizons special issue, is on sex, gender, and
pain. We summarise what is currently known about sex- and gender-related
variations in pain, exploring intersectional biological and psychosocial mechanisms …
E Barr, EL Chin, CB Newman, MK Rojek, R Sleeper, SM Temkin, JA Clayton, K Kantarci…
Academic Medicine, 2024•journals.lww.com. Sex and gender influence every aspect of human health; thus, sex-and gender-related topics should be incorporated in all aspects of health education curricula. Sex and gender health education (SGHE) is the rigorous, intersectional, data-driven integration of sex and gender into all elements of health education. A multisectoral group of thought leaders has collaborated to advance SGHE since 2012. This cross-sector collaboration to advance…
Sexism hurts science and wastes money: Top academics and research leaders argue that sexism in science is throwing away taxpayers’ money. A 2023 study of almost a quarter of a million US academics showed that women are leaving research at much higher rates than men are. Toxic workplaces are the main reason women cite for leaving academia. The authors say it is time to overhaul systems that reward sexism with public funding and that protect perpetrators of discrimination and harassment.
R Sparrow, E Horn, F Eyssel - International Journal of Social Robotics, 2023
Research in Human–Robot Interaction (HRI) suggests that people attribute gender
to (some) robots. In this paper we outline a program of research on the gendering of
robots and on the ethical issues raised by such gendering. Understanding which …
A Weiss, SA Zauchner, M Ploessnig, N Sturm… - International Journal of …, 2023
Subtle gender cues play a significant role in determining the contexts or tasks to
which robots are preferably assigned. This underscores the importance of gender-sensitive
design in developing social robots, a key focus of the RoboGen project. In this project …
The future of work has become a prominent topic for research and policy debate. However,
the debate has focused entirely on paid work, even though people in industrialized countries
on average spend comparable amounts of time on unpaid work. The objectives of this study
are therefore (1) to expand the future of work debate to unpaid domestic work and (2) to
critique the main methodology used in previous studies. To these ends, we conducted a
forecasting exercise in which 65 AI experts from the UK and Japan estimated how …
In 1978, NASA astronauts Kathy Sullivan and Sally Ride were offered 100 tampons for their one-week space trip. The anecdote owes less to male technicians not understanding female anatomy and more to NASA’s extreme safety margins. “A lot of people predicted retrograde flow of menstrual blood, and it would get out in your abdomen, get peritonitis, and horrible things would happen,” recalls doctor and astronaut Rhea Seddon. Although this proved not to be the case, the first woman to menstruate in space did have problems with leakage owing to the lack of gravity to pull fluids downward.
"Kelly is a Warm Person, Joseph is a Role Model": Gender Biases in LLM-Generated Reference Letters https://arxiv.org/abs/2310.09219
C Napp - PNAS Nexus, 2023
Gender stereotypes contribute to gender imbalances, and analyzing their variations
across countries is important for understanding and mitigating gender inequalities.
However, measuring stereotypes is difficult, particularly in a cross-cultural context …
Sex trouble: Sex/gender slippage, sex confusion, and sex obsession in machine learning using electronic health records
False assumptions that sex and gender are binary, static, and concordant are deeply embedded in the medical system. As machine learning researchers use medical data to build tools to solve novel problems, understanding how existing systems represent sex/gender incorrectly is necessary to avoid perpetuating harm. In this perspective, we identify and discuss three factors to consider when working with sex/gender in research: “sex/gender slippage,” the frequent substitution of sex and sex-related terms for gender and vice versa; “sex confusion,” the fact that any given sex variable holds many different potential meanings; and “sex obsession,” the idea that the relevant variable for most inquiries related to sex/gender is sex assigned at birth. We then explore how these phenomena show up in medical machine learning research using electronic health records, with a specific focus on HIV risk prediction. Finally, we offer recommendations about how machine learning researchers can engage more carefully with questions of sex/gender.
K Matthias, I Honekamp, M Heinrich, KK De Santis - Journal of Medical Internet …, 2023
Background Several systematic reviews have addressed digital technology use for
treatment and monitoring of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Objective This study aimed to assess if systematic reviews considered the effects of …
Sex is an important biological variable that has an impact on all aspects of human
health and disease. Yet, it is greatly unappreciated in both basic and translational
cancer research, and most concerningly in cancer clinical trials. In this review we
J Wajcman, E Young
The rapid development and spread of digital technologies have been pervasive across almost every aspect of socio-political and economic life, including systems of governance, communications and structures of production and consumption
For more articles of interest see Gendered Innovations.
WHSDM Webinar Series Event
Sex and Gender Matter in Medicine: Now What? Incorporating Sex and Gender in Biomedical Research
Sabine Oertelt-Prigione, MD, PhD, Msc of Radboud University, Netherlands, was featured speaker in the WHSDM Webinar Series. View her presentation on youtube here.
Professor Londa Schiebinger profiled in Nature
WHSDM Advisory Board member and John L. Hinds Professor of History of Science Londa Schiebinger was profiled in Nature recently as "The researcher fighting to embed analysis of sex and gender into science". Read the article here.
NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health Begins Release of E-Learning Courses on Sex and Gender
A new section of the ORWH website features free online courses designed to give users a thorough and up-to-date understanding of sex and gender influences on health and disease and NIH requirements on factoring sex as a biological variable (SABV) into research design. Learners will be able to apply this knowledge when designing and conducting research or interpreting evidence. The course material showcases examples from basic science through clinical trials and translation into practice to ensure learners understand the importance of considering the influence of sex and gender throughout the research spectrum and beyond.
The courses are open to the public, and registration is free. Learn more here.
WHSDM Seed Grant award recipients publish their research on sex differences in the blood transcriptome
Congratulations to authors and WHSDM seed grant award winners Erika Bongen, PhD, and co-Principal Investigators P.J. Utz and Purvesh Khatri on the recent publication of their research identifying a 144-gene immune sex expression signature (iSEXS) that is differentially expressed in the blood of healthy human males and females. Their article "Sex Differences in the Blood Transcriptome Identify Robust Changes in Immune Cell Proportions with Aging and Influenza Infection", is based on research supported by a WHSDM Seed Grant award. Congratulations!
Female researchers pay more attention to sex and gender in medical research, Stanford researchers find
When women participate in a medical research paper, that research is more likely to take into account the differences between the way men and women react to diseases and treatments, according to a new study by Londa Schiebinger, professor of history of science and WHSDM Advisory Board member and recent Stanford postdoctoral scholar, Mathias Nielsen. Read the Stanford Report article here.
5 Questions: Marcia Stefanick on better medicine for women
Inside Stanford Medicine asks Dr. Stefanick 5 questions on better medicine for women and why giving consideration to sex and gender differences in research and treatment would improve medical care for everyone.
Stanford Medicine Magazine - Sex, gender and medicine
"Sex, Gender and Medicine" are the focus of this issue of Stanford Medicine magazine, which highlights how sex and gender differences should be part of research, care, and medical school education. The issue includes a feature on the research of WHSDM Advisory Board member Amy Braun, PhD, "Of Mice, Women, and Men- making research more inclusive" with commentary from WHSDM Center Faculty Director, Marcia Stefanick, and Advisory Board member Londa Schiebinger.
Not Just for Men
Dr. Stefanick's article "Not Just for Men" was featured in Scientific American magazine's Special Issue on the "new science" of sex and gender, "It's Not a Women's Issue". Read the article here.
Proposed Editorial Policies for Sex and Gender Analysis
Lancet published a commentary of Proposed Editorial Policies for Sex and Gender Analysis by WHSDM Advisory Board Member Londa Schiebinger. The commentary includes concise definitions of sex and gender as well as guidelines for reporting on sex and gender in medical journals. Read the commentary here.
Lancet features profile of WHSDM Center Director Marcia Stefanick
The August 22 issue of Lancet featured a profile of WHSDM Director Marcia Stefanick and her career promoting the study of sex differences. Read the article here.
The Importance of Sex Inclusion in Basic Research
In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS), Dr. Stefanick, WHSDM Advisory board member Londa Schiebinger, and other experts discuss the importance of sex inclusion in basic research and the implications of the NIH's May 2014 policy change to require a balance of male and female cells and animals in studies. Click here to read the article.
A message from the director
The Stanford WHSDM Center (pronounced "wisdom") is a Stanford School of Medicine center that evolved from the former Women’s Health at Stanford Program. The WHSDM Center acknowledges the wisdom of conducting innovative, multi-disciplinary research on women’s health and sex differences and diversity in biology and medicine, from conception through the lifespan, in every medical discipline, from basic science to clinical and population health science.
The Stanford WHSDM Center also recognizes the value of educating scientists and bioengineers, medical researchers, physicians and other health care providers, and the public on the broad range of women’s health issues, as well as the spectrum of biological (and sociocultural) differences (and similarities) that may affect health outcomes across the sex/gender continuum over the lifecourse.
Marcia Stefanick, PhD
Director, Stanford WHSDM Center