Doctor of Philosophy, Seoul National University (2016)
Bachelor of Science, Seoul National University (2008)
Mark Kay, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
tRNA-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs) have been implicated in many cellular processes, yet the detailed mechanisms are not well defined. We previously found that the 3' end of Leu-CAG tRNA-derived small RNA (LeuCAG3'tsRNA) regulates ribosome biogenesis in humans by maintaining ribosomal protein S28 (RPS28) levels. The tsRNA binds to coding (CDS) and non-coding 3' UTR sequence in the RPS28 mRNA, altering its secondary structure and enhancing its translation. Here we report that the functional 3' UTR target site is present in primates while the CDS target site is present in many vertebrates. We establish that this tsRNA also regulates mouse Rps28 translation by interacting with the CDS target site. We further establish that the change in mRNA translation occurred at a post-initiation step in both species. Overall, our results suggest that LeuCAG3'tsRNA might maintain ribosome biogenesis through a conserved gene regulatory mechanism in vertebrates.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.11.062
View details for PubMedID 31851915
View details for Web of Science ID 000464381003102
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