The primary objective of this study was to compare and contrast the characteristics and survival outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for "monitored" events in pediatric patients treated with chest compressions more than or equal to 1 minute in varied ICU settings.Retrospective observational study.Three different specialized ICUs in a single, tertiary care, academic children's hospital.We collected demographic information, preexisting conditions, preevent characteristics, event characteristics, and outcome data. The primary outcome measure was survival to hospital discharge. Secondary outcome measures included return of spontaneous circulation, 24-hour survival, and survival with good neurologic outcome.None.Four hundred eleven patients treated with chest compressions for more than or equal to 1 minute were included in the analysis: 170 patients were located in the cardiovascular ICU, 157 patients in the neonatal ICU, and 84 patients in the PICU. Arrest durations were longer in the cardiovascular ICU than other ICUs. Use of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation was more prevalent in the cardiovascular ICU (cardiovascular ICU, 17%; neonatal ICU, 3%; PICU, 4%). Return of spontaneous circulation, 24-hour survival, survival to hospital discharge, and good neurologic outcome were highest among neonatal ICU patients (survival to discharge, 53%) followed by cardiovascular ICU patients (survival to discharge, 46%) and PICU patients (survival to discharge, 36%). In a multivariable model controlling for patient and event characteristics, using cardiovascular ICU as reference, adjusted odds of survival in PICU were 0.33 (95% CI, 0.14-0.76; p = 0.009) and odds of survival in neonatal ICU were 0.80 (95% CI, 0.31-2.11; p = 0.65).Comparative analysis of pediatric patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation in three different ICU settings demonstrated a significant variation in baseline, preevent, and event characteristics. Although outcomes vary significantly among the three different ICUs, it was difficult to ascertain if this difference was due to variation in the disease process or variation in the location of the patient.
View details for DOI 10.1097/PCC.0000000000000067
View details for PubMedID 24413318