Effects of GSH and N-Acetylcysteine on Inflammatory Markers Among Adults With CVD Risk
The rationale for the potential role of antioxidants in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remains strong despite the disappointing results of recent trials with a few select antioxidant vitamins. Glutathione (GSH) is one of the body's most powerful antioxidant agents but there is a surprising paucity of data on its use as an interventional therapy. Glutathione, when taken orally, is immediately broken down into its constituent amino acids, of which cysteine is the only one to be essential. Available cysteine is the critical determinant of intracellular GSH concentrations. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is an antioxidant supplement that has been used to provide a source of cysteine to replete GSH levels. By replenishing endogenous glutathione, it is possible that NAC would exert the same effect(s) as exogenous GSH. However, there is a new delivery system, liposomal GSH, which keeps glutathione intact. In this study, the investigators propose to match the cysteine content of NAC and GSH and compare the effects of these two supplements, at two different doses, on markers of inflammation and oxidative stress.
Stanford is not currently accepting new patients for this trial. You may want to check clinicaltrials.gov to see if other locations are recruiting.
- dietary supplement : Glutathione
- dietary supplement : N-Acetylcysteine
- other : Placebo
Ages Eligible For Study:
1. Gender: Both women and men 2. Age: > or = 18 years 3. Ethnicity and race: All ethnic and racial backgrounds welcome 4. Presence of Metabolic Syndrome: As defined in ATP III of the National 5.Cholesterol Education program, the metabolic syndrome will be diagnosed as presence of at least three of the following, which will be measured at the screening clinic visit: - Central obesity as measured by waist circumference: - Men: Greater than 40 inches - Women: Greater than 35 inches - Fasting blood triglycerides greater than or equal to 150 mg/dL - Blood HDL cholesterol: - Men: Less than 40 mg/dL - Women: Less than 50 mg/dL - Blood pressure greater than or equal to 130/85 mmHg - Fasting glucose greater than or equal to 100 mg/dL 6.Planning to be available for clinic visits and bottle pick-ups for the 8 weeks of study participation 7.Ability and willingness to give written informed consent 8.No known active psychiatric illness.