National Youth Vaping Trends

About NYTS

NYTS is a cross-sectional, voluntary, school-based, self-administered electronic survey of U.S. middle and high school students. A stratified three-stage cluster sampling procedure generated a nationally representative sample of U.S. students attending public and private schools in grades 6–12. Participants complete the survey in classrooms using a tablet computer.* In 2020, data collection occurred during January 16–March 16, 2020.† In total, 14,531 students (participation rate = 87.4%) from 180 schools (participation rate = 49.9%) participated, yielding an overall response rate of 43.6% in 2020.

* The survey was programmed using an application that did not require Internet access for use. Eligible students who were absent on the day of survey administration could participate in the NYTS using a web-based make-up survey.

About MTFS

Monitoring the Future is an annual drug use survey of eighth, 10th and 12th grade students conducted by researchers at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

More than 11,800 students from 112 schools across the United States participated in the 2020 survey.*

*Data collection stopped prematurely due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Completed surveys represent about 25% of the size of a typical year’s data collection. However, results were gathered from a broad geographic range and were statistically weighted to be nationally representative.

About the Triangulum 

From Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program: Triangulum, Latin for triangle, reflects the intersection of tobacco, marijuana, and electronic cigarettes; the latter, being the delivery device for both these and other substances.  This changing landscape is striking and something that researchers, public health, and policy makers must address. Not only is the use of e-cigarettes growing, but also hookah pens that deliver aerosolized flavored aldehydes, with or without nicotine; heat-not-burn products producing a new chemically laced vapor; flavored little cigars, both regular and electronic; blunts and spliffs; and butane hash oil that you can dab, synthetic marijuana, which you can smoke and liquid THC, which you can aerosolize.