The Stanford Department of Radiology's predoctoral program in Translational Biomedical Imaging Instrumentation (TBI2) Training Program trains the future leaders in the medical imaging sciences.

Led by Program Director Kim Butts Pauly, PhD, and Co-Director, Daniel Ennis, PhD, our program provides a unique focus on technology development for disease diagnosis and characterization as well as therapy planning and assessment in the following areas:

  • hardware and software (including image reconstruction) of acquisition modalities (MR, radionuclide, ultrasound, X-ray, optical, and CT imaging);
  • quantitative image analysis and display;
  • hybrid systems (X-ray and MR; PET and MR);
  • imaging and therapy combined (e.g., MR and focused ultrasound or radiotherapy).


Students come from all over the United States and abroad to train with our distinctive faculty from the Departments of Radiology, Electrical Engineering, Bioengineering, Radiation Oncology, and Biomedical Physics. 

Funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB), our program offers trainees the choice to complete one of multiple degrees while participating in outstanding research, coursework, internship, and leadership opportunities. 

Trainees will also have access to our exceptional imaging facilities, including the Richard M. Lucas Center for Imaging in the Department of Radiology, as well as additional research space in more than 10 other buildings throughout the School of Medicine.

Trainees completing the TBI2 program assume leadership positions across the nation and have a major impact on the imaging community well beyond Stanford.