Virtual Reality-Immersive Technology Clinic


VRIT is the first academic clinic solely dedicated to therapeutic immersive technologies, including Virtual and Augmented Realities.  Singularity is here with the merging of technology and the human nervous system. Safeguarding the process of this merging with technology is the primary aim of this clinic.


In safeguarding singularity, this clinic performs rigorous scientific investigation of immersive technology for behavioral health.  This is accomplished by developing, validating, and protecting evidenced based therapies using complimentary realities and sensory modulation. It is a meeting place for innovators from across disciplines and professional sectors to innovate the healthcare space.


Following the “open classroom” ethos, the VRIT serves as a teaching clinic for other clinicians interested in integrating VR into their practice.  Developing standards, best practices, and disseminating effective immersive therapies are core values.


We are here to deliver effective standards of care with immersive technologies to humans suffering from behavioral health problems.

About Us

Dr. Kim Bullock

Dr. Kim Bullock is founding Director of Stanford University’s Virtual Reality IT Clinic, Director of Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Neuropsychiatry & Behavioral Neurology, and Clinical Associate Professor.

She pioneered the first teaching VR clinic in 2016 with the aim to develop and share evidence based treatments focused on virtual embodiment. In addition, Dr. Bullock currently sees patients, teaches, and performs research. Dr. Bullock is focused on helping patients who have experiences trauma and have sensory, motor, and cognitive symptoms. She is intensively trained in both cognitive behavior therapy and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), and currently incorporates the most current and emerging methods in Virtual and Augmented Realities into her practice. Dr. Bullock takes a holistic, customized, and personal approach to each patient and encourages family and community involvement in the treatment process. She presents and speaks on the subject of virtual reality and DBT internationally and locally.  She also runs Stanford’s VR work group, facilitating an exchange of research and innovation in emerging technologies and psychiatry.

Dr. Bullock has published many peer-reviewed articles and is a Cambridge and Oxford author on the subject of functional neurological disorders. Her primary area of research is novel clinical trials using virtual immersive technologies and somatic symptom related disorders.

She received her undergraduate degree with honors and distinction in physiology and psychology from the University of California, San Diego, Revelle College and her medical degree from George Washington University. She completed an internship in internal medicine at Washington Hospital in D.C. and then psychiatry residency at Stanford. She is clinical faculty in the Stanford University School of Medicine, a diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology and the United Council of Neurological Subspecialties, Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology.

Stanford Team

Elizabeth Archibald
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Jeremy Bailenson, PhD

Jacob Ballon, MD, MPH
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Alex Basile
Early Life Stress & Pediatric Anxiety Program

Kari Berquist, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Kim Bullock, MD
Clinic Director 

Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Victor Carrion, MD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Thomas Caruso, MD, MEd
Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine

Katharine Dahl, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Kara Flavin, MD

Brenda Golianu, MD
Anesthesiology, Pediatric

Walter Greenleaf, PhD
Distinguished Visiting Scholar, MediaX

Antonio Hardan, MD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Kate Hardy, ClinPsychD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

David Hong, MD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Hadi Hosseini, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Alan Louie, MD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Ryan Matlow, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Adam Miner, PsyD
Clinical Excellence Research Center and Department of Communication

Sharon Niv
PhD Student

Carolyn Rodriguez, MD, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Samuel Rodriguez, MD
Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine

Pamela Jaye Shime, JD, MA
Early Life Stress & Pediatric Anxiety Program

Debra Safer, MD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Manish Saggar, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Lauren Schneider, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

Leanne Williams, PhD
Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences


VR-IT Lab is a designated space to create community and share breakthrough academic findings in VR psychiatric and behavioral innovation. VR-IT Lab resources are available to researchers and clinicians interested in exploring and applying emerging virtual reality technologies.  It houses clinical VR trials and trainings VR-IT Lab forms a bridge between emerging VR technologies, rigorous scientific research, and clinical application. It also functions to insure and safeguard collaborative endeavors between industry and academia so that they occur without ethical and financial conflicts of interest guided by sound clinical input.

CURRENT TRIALS: Virtual Reality Therapy for Functional Neurological Symptom/ Conversion Disorder

Selected Publications



Virtual Reality Therapy: Treating The Global Mental Health Crisis (Tech Crunch, 2016)

Patient Care

The Stanford VR-IT Clinic honors the core missions of our Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences department by enabling innovation, education, and delivery of evidenced based VR treatments in a more precise and customized manner than ever possible in the past. With the development of biometric sensing devices, VR now can provide many types of sensory feedback retraining relevant to treating psychiatric illnesses.  The merging of technology and biology thru VR shaping and conditioning procedures allows specific targeting of symptoms unique for each patient. Psychiatry’s VR-IT Clinic bridges clinical research, evidenced-based psychotherapy, and medical technology to treat a varying spectrum of psychiatric conditions.

Patients and referrals: please call our intake line at 650-498-9111


VR-IT Clinic functions to train clinicians in evidenced based VR interventions thru one-on-one supervision, workshops, and seminars. Stanford psychiatry residents, graduate psychology students, and fellows receive certified training in VR thru rotations and practicums. In addition, we delivers annual VR related CE workshops for in house and community providers. Online and innovative web-based trainings are also being developed to enable tele-education to clinicians as well.

Contact Us

For more information about VR-IT, getting involved, and supporting our mission, please fill out the form below. 

Please note this form is not intended for patient or clinical use.  If you are a patient or have a clinical inquiry, please call 650-498-9111


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