A Qualitative Analysis of Challenges and Successes in Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening.
2018; 8 (2): e128?e133
Case 1: Lactic Acidosis and Respiratory Distress in a 10-Day-Old Infant.
2015; 16 (7): e431-e433
Factors Associated with Failure to Screen Newborns for Retinopathy of Prematurity
JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
2012; 161 (5): 819-823
Objective ?The objective of this study is to identify characteristics of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) practice that influence successful retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening. Study Design ?In this qualitative study, top, improved, and bottom performing NICUs in the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative were identified based on ROP screening rates and invited to participate. NICU personnel were interviewed using a semistructured questionnaire. Using thematic analysis, key factors that influence ROP screening were identified. Results ?Themes found in top performing hospitals include a commitment to quality improvement, a committed ophthalmologist, and a system of double checks. Improved NICUs had a common theme of utilizing telemedicine for exams and identification of eligible neonates on admission. The bottom performing hospital struggled with education and identification of eligible neonates and a lack of a dedicated ophthalmologist. Conclusion ?Structure, culture, education, and commitment all contribute to the success of ROP screening in the NICU.
View details for PubMedID 29896443
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5995725
To evaluate ROP screening rates in a population-based cohort; and to identify characteristics of patients that were missed.We used the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative data from 2005-2007 for a cross-sectional study. Using eligibility criteria, screening rates were calculated for each hospital. Multivariable regression was used to assess associations between patient clinical and sociodemographic factors and the odds of missing screening.Overall rates of missed ROP screening decreased from 18.6% in 2005 to 12.8% in 2007. Higher gestational age (OR = 1.25 for increase of 1 week, 95% CI, 1.21-1.29), higher birth weight (OR = 1.13; 95% CI, 1.10-1.15), and singleton birth (OR = 1.2; 95% CI, 1.07-1.34) were associated with higher probability of missing screening. Level II neonatal intensive care units and neonatal intensive care units with lower volume were more likely to miss screenings.Although ROP screening rates improved over time, larger and older infants are at risk for not receiving screening. Furthermore, large variations in screening rates exist among hospitals in California. Identification of gaps in quality of care creates an opportunity to improve ROP screening rates and prevent impaired vision in this vulnerable population.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.04.020
View details for Web of Science ID 000310370600013
View details for PubMedID 22632876
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3470784