Bachelor of Science, Yeungnam University (2004)
Doctor of Philosophy, University of Utah (2014)
Master of Science, Oregon State University (2008)
Delayed wound healing is a major complication of diabetes occurring in approximately 15% of chronic diabetic patients. It not only significantly affects patients' quality of life but also poses a major economic burden to the health care system. Most efforts have been focused on accelerating wound reepithelialization and closure. However, even after healing the quality of healed tissue in diabetics is abnormal and recurrence is common (50-75%). Thus, understanding how diabetes alters the ultimate mechanical properties of healed wounds will be important to develop more effective approaches for this condition. Focal adhesion kinase is an intracellular protein kinase that plays critical roles in cell migration, focal adhesion formation, and is an important component of cellular mechanotransduction. We have found that focal adhesion kinase expression is downregulated under a high glucose condition both in vitro and in vivo. This is secondary to increased activity of calpain 1, the primary enzyme responsible for focal adhesion kinase degradation, which becomes induced in hyperglycemia. We demonstrate that selective inhibition of calpain 1 activation improves wound healing and normalizes the mechanical properties of diabetic skin, suggesting a new therapeutic approach to prevent diabetic wound recurrence.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jid.2016.11.039
View details for PubMedID 28082186