Robert M. Gray is the Alcatel-Lucent Technologies Professor of Communications and Networking in the School of Engineering, Emeritus, and Professor of Electrical Engineering, Emeritus, at Stanford University. He is a Fellow of the IEEE and the Institute for Mathematical Statistics and he was a 1981--82 Fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. His professional awards include an Education Award, Meritorious Service Award, Technical Achievement Award, and Society award from the IEEE Signal Processing Society, a Golden Jubilee Award for Technological Innovation and the Claude E. Shannon Award from the IEEE Information Theory Society, and the Jack S. Kilby Signal Processing Medal and Centennial and Third Millennium Medals from the IEEE. He received a Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring (PAESMEM). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He retired from Stanford in April 2013 and is currently a Research Professor at Boston University.