Dr Agarwal is a Pediatric Anesthesiologist who went to medical school and completed her anesthesia residency at Baylor College of Medicine, with a fellowship in pediatric anesthesiology at Denver Children's Hospital. Her interests include pediatric acute pain management, regional anesthesia, ambulatory anesthesia and neuro-anesthesia and medical student, reisident fellow education. She was the Pediatric Anesthesia Program Director at the University of Colorado for 18 years and the Course Director for the Colorado Review of Anesthesiology for Surgicenters and Hospitals for 17. She has served as the Editor for the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia Newsletter, Communication Chair and member of the Board Of Directors. She am currently Chair for the American Academy of Pediatrics:Section on Anesthesiology and Pain Management, and the Treasurer for the Society of Pediatric Pain Management. She is delighted to be at Stanford and Lucille Packard Children's Hospital

Academic Appointments

Administrative Appointments

  • Chair, American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Anesthsiology (2015 - 2017)
  • Treasurer, Society for Pediatric Pain Medicine (2014 - 2017)
  • Pediatric Anesthesia Trauma Liaison, Stanford (2015 - Present)
  • Associate Director Pediatric Anesthesia Education, Stanford (2014 - Present)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations

  • Junior Editor, American Board of Anesthesiology: Pediatric Anesthesiology Examination (2009 - Present)
  • Senior Editor, American Board of Anesthesiology (2011 - Present)
  • Director -At -Large, Pediatric Anesthesia Program Directors (2010 - 2014)
  • Course and Program Director, Colorado Review of Anesthesiology for Surgicenters and Hospitals (CRASH) (1997 - 2015)
  • Treasurer, Society for Pediatric Pain Medicine (2014 - Present)
  • At-large Director, Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (2006 - 2014)
  • Chair-Elect, American Academy of Pediatrics:Section on Anesthesiology and Pain Management (2013 - Present)

Professional Education

  • Pediatric ANEsthesiology, Denver Children's Hospital, Pediatric Anesthesiology (1991)
  • Anesthesiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Anesthesiology (1990)
  • MD, Baylor College of Medicine, Medicine (1986)
  • BA, Texas A&M, Biology (1982)

Research & Scholarship

Current Research and Scholarly Interests

Part of a multi=institutional national group comparing various techniques of analgesia used in the management of surgical repairs. The first surgical procedure we are studying is Pecturs Excavatum repair. Each institution follows its usual protocols and data is collected on a variety of outcomes, including length of stay, pain scores, opioid consumption, time to start walking and any long term issues.
Once data collection and analysis of that procedure is complete we will start looking at Spinal Fusion


All Publications

  • Airway management in laryngotracheal injuries from blunt neck trauma in children PEDIATRIC ANESTHESIA Chatterjee, D., Agarwal, R., Bajaj, L., Teng, S. N., Prager, J. D. 2016; 26 (2): 132-138

    View details for DOI 10.1111/pan.12791

    View details for Web of Science ID 000367788700003

  • Pain and Pain Relief Handbook of Neonatal Intensive Care Gardner, S. L., Hagedorn, M. E., Agarwal, R. 2015
  • Educate parents on benefits of smoking cessation before child’s surgery AAP: News Teng, S. N., Agarwal, R. 2015; 36 (13)
  • Use of oral opioids during tonsillectomy re-evalauted AAP News Agarwal, R. 2014; 35 (13): 13
  • Neonatal Anesthesia Anesthesia Secrets Agarwal, R. Elsevier. 2013
  • A practical Approach to the Pediatric Neurosurgical Patient A practical Approach ot Neuroanesthesia Dean, K., Agarwal, R. 2013
  • Pediatric Anesthesia Anesthesia Secrets Agarwal, R. Elsevier. 2013
  • Acute Pain Services Pediatric Anesthesia: Basic Principles, State of the Art, Future – Update Agarwal, R., Polaner, D. PMPH-USA. 2011
  • Improvement of intraoperative samatosensory evoked potentials by ketamine PAEDIATRIC ANAESTHESIA Agarwal, R., Roitman, K. J., Stokes, M. 1998; 8 (3): 263-266


    Many anaesthetics effect the latency and amplitude of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP). We present a patient who underwent two anterior/posterior spine fusions (A/PSF) at age 11 and 12 years old after resection of a spinal astrocytoma. She did have residual neurologic deficits of her lower extremities. SSEPs were unobtainable during the first surgery using an opioid-based anaesthetic. A ketamine-based anaesthetic was used for the second surgery and SSEPs were easily monitored. No other factors seem to have changed between the two surgeries. The anaesthetic management during each procedure is reviewed and the contributions of other factors to SSEP monitoring discussed.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000073673600017

    View details for PubMedID 9608975