Doctor of Philosophy, The University of Tokyo (2015)
Doctor of Medicine, Kyoto University (2009)
Obstructive jaundice is an initial symptom in 1-2% of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cases. The major cause of bile duct obstruction in patients with DLBCL is extrinsic compression by enlarged lymph nodes. In such cases, the existence of bile duct invasion of lymphoma is rarely mentioned or observed pathologically, so the ratio of bile duct invasion to the total cases of obstructive jaundice, and its significance remains unknown. We report two cases of DLBCL presenting as an obstructive jaundice, in which we demonstrated bile duct invasion pathologically by biopsy from the wall of common bile duct with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Endoscopic stent placement is a minimally invasive procedure to relieve cholestasis and is effective for diagnosing bile duct invasion. This procedure should thus be performed in all cases of obstructive jaundice caused by lymphoma to evaluate for bile duct invasion. Our cases suggest that ERCP may be useful as a diagnostic procedure for bile duct invasion.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s12185-019-02661-7
View details for PubMedID 31093933
Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is commonly administered to prevent serious complications caused by chemotherapy-induced neutropenia; however, several cases of arteritis following the administration of G-CSF have been reported. Here, we report three cases of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) who developed arteritis after the administration of G-CSF, estimate the probability of adverse drug reaction caused by G-CSF with two distinct algorithms, and review the literatures. Both algorithms indicated a causal relationship between G-CSF and arteritis. In a literature review of seven reported cases, including our three patients, the time from the administration of G-CSF to the onset of arteritis ranged from 9 days to 6 months, and five patients were treated with steroids. In one of our three cases, a 62-year-old female with NHL developed arteritis twice in different courses of chemotherapy. Hydrocortisone was administered in the second event, leading to prompt relief of the manifestation and abnormal laboratory data. This finding suggests steroids may be effective for arteritis. In conclusion, although the number of reported cases is limited, there appears to be an association between arteritis and the administration of G-CSF, and steroids are an effective therapeutic option.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s12185-019-02662-6
View details for PubMedID 31090035
Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is an entity of myelodysplastic syndrome/myeloproliferative neoplasm. Although CMML can be cured with allogeneic stem cell transplantation, its prognosis is generally very poor due to the limited efficacy of chemotherapy and to the patient's age, which is usually not eligible for transplantation. Comprehensive analysis of CMML pathophysiology and the development of therapeutic agents have been limited partly due to the lack of cell lines in CMML and the limited developments of mouse models. After successfully establishing patient's derived disease-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) derived from a patient with CMML, we utilized these CMML-iPSCs to achieve hematopoietic re-differentiation in vitro, created a humanized CMML mouse model via teratomas, and developed a drug-testing system. The clinical characteristics of CMML were recapitulated following hematopoietic re-differentiation in vitro and a humanized CMML mouse model in vivo. The drug-testing system using CMML-iPSCs identified a MEK inhibitor, a Ras inhibitor, and liposomal clodronate as potential drugs for treating CMML. Clodronate is a drug commonly used as a bisphosphonate for osteoporosis. In this study, the liposomalization of clodronate enhanced its effectiveness in these assays, suggesting that this variation of clodronate may be adopted as a repositioned drug for CMML therapy.
View details for DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-34193-1
View details for PubMedID 30367142
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6203784
Properties of cancer stem cells involved in drug resistance and relapse have significant effects on clinical outcome. Although tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have dramatically improved survival of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), TKIs have not fully cured CML due to TKI-resistant CML stem cells. Moreover, relapse after discontinuation of TKIs has not been predicted in CML patients with the best TKI response. In our study, a model of CML stem cells derived from CML induced pluripotent stem cells identified ADAM8 as an antigen of TKI-resistant CML cells. The inhibition of expression or metalloproteinase activity of ADAM8 restored TKI sensitivity in primary samples. In addition, residual CML cells in patients with optimal TKI response were concentrated in the ADAM8+ population. Our study demonstrates that ADAM8 is a marker of residual CML cells even in patients with optimal TKI response and would be a predictor of relapse and a therapeutic target of TKI-resistant CML cells.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.stemcr.2018.01.015
View details for PubMedID 29429960
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5919294
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be generated from various types of cells with transduction of defined transcription factors. Patient-derived iPSCs are becoming commonly utilized for understanding the molecular pathways involved in disease and for the development of novel targeted therapies. With the use of patient-derived iPSCs differentiated to specific-lineage cells, the potency and toxicity of drug candidates can be evaluated. In the past, patient-derived iPSCs were mainly established from patients of inherited hematologic diseases, followed by the expansion of target to acquired diseases like myeloproliferative neoplasms. Thanks to the rapid development of novel genome editing technologies, we can now utilize genetically modified and unprocessed iPSCs more readily than before. These technologies, which enable us to modulate genetic status or even chromosome structure at the right time, could help the elucidation of pathogenesis of hematologic diseases. If iPSC-derived hematopoietic cells are to be robustly reconstituted in vivo as a consequence of the development of reprogramming and conversion technology, research on leukemic stem cells must be widely promoted. Therefore, iPSC technology has great potential on oncology research using patient samples.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.exphem.2015.06.006
View details for PubMedID 26135030
Familial platelet disorder with propensity to acute myeloid leukemia (FPD/AML) is an autosomal dominant disease associated with a germline mutation in the RUNX1 gene and is characterized by thrombocytopenia and an increased risk of developing myeloid malignancies. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from dermal fibroblasts of a patient with FPD/AML possessing a nonsense mutation R174X in the RUNX1 gene. Consistent with the clinical characteristics of the disease, FPD iPSC-derived hematopoietic progenitor cells were significantly impaired in undergoing megakaryocytic differentiation and subsequent maturation, as determined by colony-forming cell assay and surface marker analysis. Notably, when we corrected the RUNX1 mutation using transcription activator-like effector nucleases in conjunction with a donor plasmid containing normal RUNX1 cDNA sequences, megakaryopoiesis and subsequent maturation were restored in FPD iPSC-derived hematopoietic cells. These findings clearly indicate that the RUNX1 mutation is robustly associated with thrombocytopenia in patients with FPD/AML, and transcription activator-like effector nuclease-mediated gene correction in iPSCs generated from patient-derived cells could provide a promising clinical application for treatment of the disease.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.exphem.2015.05.004
View details for PubMedID 26021490
View details for PubMedID 25297788
Lymphoma occurring in the pituitary gland is an exceedingly infrequent event. Here, we describe a case of pituitary lymphoma complicating recurrent pituitary adenoma. A 56-year-old male with a history of pituitary adenoma was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the left ocular adnexa, which was successfully treated by standard chemotherapy and local radiotherapy. Eight months later, he complained of diplopia and bitemporal hemianopia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging detected a suprasellar tumor. Transsphenoidal biopsy of the mass was performed, and histopathological examination revealed DLBCL admixed with pituitary adenoma. On a review of the literature, we found that pituitary lymphoma developing within adenoma is a recurrent phenomenon. The composite tumor is likely to be characterized by suprasellar involvement and presentation of visual disturbances. Moreover, in the present case, the suprasellar tumor remained visible after autologous peripheral stem cell transplant, likely due to the residual pituitary adenoma. We therefore recommend that refractory pituitary lymphoma should be vigorously biopsied in search of possibly underlying adenoma.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s12185-012-1075-0
View details for PubMedID 22527852