Clinical Focus

  • Abdominal Transplantation
  • General Surgery

Academic Appointments

Honors & Awards

  • Best Clinical Research Poster, Stanford Emile Holman Resident Research Day (2019)
  • Transplant and Tissue Engineering Center of Excellence Award, Stanford/Lucile Packard (2016)
  • Resident Research Award, American College of Surgeons (2013)
  • Summer Scholar Award, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School (2008)
  • Brown University Scholarship, Brown University (2007)
  • Summa cum laude, University of Florida (2006)
  • Phi Beta Kappa, University of Florida (2006)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations

  • Scientific Advisory Board, Stanford Medicine X (2016 - 2017)
  • Editorial Board, General Surgery (2015 - Present)
  • Editorial Board, Surgery and Transplantation (2014 - Present)
  • Editorial Board, Journal of Surgery (2013 - Present)

Professional Education

  • Residency:Stanford University General Surgery Residency (2019) CA
  • Medical Education:Warren Alpert Medical School Brown University (2011) RI
  • Fellowship, Stanford University Medical Center, Abdominal Multi-Organ Transplantation
  • Residency, Stanford University Medical Center, General Surgery (2019)
  • Post-Doctoral Fellowship, Gurtner Laboratory, Stanford University, Tissue Engineering (2017)
  • M.D., Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Medicine (2011)
  • B.S., University of Florida, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (2006)

Personal Interests

Cycling, sailing, gardening

Research & Scholarship

Current Research and Scholarly Interests

Organ transplantation, regenerative medicine, tissue engineering, gene therapy

Current Clinical Interests

  • Abdominal Transplantation


All Publications

  • Microvascular Free Flaps as the Vascularized Foundation for Hepatic Tissue Engineering Than, P., Davis, C., Rustad, K., Mittermiller, P., Findlay, M., Liu, W., Whittam, A., Le, T., Khong, S., Ma, K., Melcher, M., Melcher, M., Gurtner, G. WILEY. 2019: 21
  • The Interplay of Mechanical Stress, Strain, and Stiffness at the Keloid Periphery Correlates with Increased Caveolin-1/ROCK Signaling and Scar Progression. Plastic and reconstructive surgery Dohi, T., Padmanabhan, J., Akaishi, S., Than, P. A., Terashima, M., Matsumoto, N. N., Ogawa, R., Gurtner, G. C. 2019; 144 (1): 58e?67e


    Fibroproliferative disorders result in excessive scar formation, are associated with high morbidity, and cost billions of dollars every year. Of these, keloid disease presents a particularly challenging clinical problem because the cutaneous scars progress beyond the original site of injury. Altered mechanotransduction has been implicated in keloid development, but the mechanisms governing scar progression into the surrounding tissue remain unknown. The role of mechanotransduction in keloids is further complicated by the differential mechanical properties of keloids and the surrounding skin.The authors used human mechanical testing, finite element modeling, and immunohistologic analyses of human specimens to clarify the complex interplay of mechanical stress, strain, and stiffness in keloid scar progression.Changes in human position (i.e., standing, sitting, and supine) are correlated to dynamic changes in local stress/strain distribution, particularly in regions with a predilection for keloids. Keloids are composed of stiff tissue, which displays a fibrotic phenotype with relatively low proliferation. In contrast, the soft skin surrounding keloids is exposed to high mechanical strain that correlates with increased expression of the caveolin-1/rho signaling via rho kinase mechanotransduction pathway and elevated inflammation and proliferation, which may lead to keloid progression.The authors conclude that changes in human position are strongly correlated with mechanical loading of the predilection sites, which leads to increased mechanical strain in the peripheral tissue surrounding keloids. Furthermore, increased mechanical strain in the peripheral tissue, which is the site of keloid progression, was correlated with aberrant expression of caveolin-1/ROCK signaling pathway. These findings suggest a novel mechanism for keloid progression.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005717

    View details for PubMedID 31246819

  • Large intra-thoracic desmoid tumor with airway compression: A case report and review of the literature JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC SURGERY CASE REPORTS Robinson, T. D., Bruzoni, M., Than, P., Halabi, S., Wall, J. 2016; 5: 15?18
  • Sutureless Microsurgical Anastomosis Using an Optimized Thermoreversible Intravascular Poloxamer Stent. Plastic and reconstructive surgery Davis, C. R., Rappleye, C. T., Than, P. A., Rodrigues, M., Findlay, M. W., Bishop, S. N., Whitmore, A. J., Maan, Z. N., McGoldrick, R. B., Grobbelaar, A. O., Gurtner, G. C. 2016; 137 (2): 546-556


    Sutureless microvascular anastomosis has great translational potential to simplify microvascular surgery, shorten operative times, and improve clinical outcomes. The authors developed a transient thermoreversible microvascular stent using a poloxamer to maintain vessel lumen patency before application of commercially available adhesives to seal the anastomosis instead of sutures. Despite technical success, human application necessitates bovine serum albumin removal from existing formulations; rapid poloxamer transition between states; and increased stiffness for reliable, reproducible, and precise microvascular approximation.Two commercially available poloxamers were used in this study (P407 and P188). After removing bovine serum albumin, each poloxamer was tested at varying concentrations either alone or in combination to determine the optimal preparation for sutureless microvascular anastomosis. Transition temperature and formulation stiffness were tested in vitro by rheometry, with the most promising combinations tested in an established in vivo model.Increasing poloxamer concentration resulted in an increase in stiffness and decrease in transition temperature. Pure P188 without bovine serum albumin, dissolved in phosphate-buffered saline to a 45% concentration, demonstrated desirable rheologic behavior, with precise gel transition and increased gel stiffness compared with our previous formulation of 17% P407 (96 kPa versus 10 kPa). These characteristics were optimal for microsurgical intravascular use, offering surgical precision and control between liquid and solid states, depending on the surgically controlled local temperature.Use of 45% P188 without bovine serum albumin demonstrated optimal rheologic and translational properties as a microvascular stent for sutureless anastomosis. Rapid transition, increased stiffness, and safety profile demonstrate safe translational application for human clinical trials.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/01.prs.0000475774.37267.3f

    View details for PubMedID 26818289

  • Autologous Vascularized Tissue-Engineered Liver Replacement Than, P., Davis, C. R., Findlay, M. W., Liu, W., Khong, S. L., Gurtner, G. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2015: S156
  • Inside Out Autologous Neo-Liver Fabrication Than, P., Davis, C., Findlay, M., Liu, W., Le, T., Khong, S., Melcher, M., Gurtner, G. WILEY-BLACKWELL. 2015
  • Organ-Level Autologous Tissue Engineering by Endothelium-Sparing Decellularization of the Groin Flap Findlay, M. W., Than, P., Raghvendra, S., Liu, W., Duscher, D., Gurtner, G. C. ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. 2014: S141
  • Discussion: Osteoblastic Differentiation of Wharton Jelly Biopsy Specimens and Their Mesenchymal Stromal Cells after Serum-Free Culture PLASTIC AND RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY Than, P. A., Gurtner, G. C. 2014; 134 (1): 70E?71E

    View details for PubMedID 25028858

  • ENDOTHELIAL CELL-DERIVED SDF-1 REGULATES NEOVASCULARIZATION DURING WOUND HEALING Maan, Z. N., Whittam, A. J., Rennert, R., Duscher, D., Rodrigues, M., Than, P., Davis, C., Walmsley, G., Longaker, M. T., Gurtner, G. C. WILEY-BLACKWELL. 2014: A52
  • AGING IMPAIRS THE NEOVASCULAR POTENTIAL OF ADIPOSE-DERIVED STEM CELLS AND SELECTIVELY DEPLETES CELLULAR SUBPOPULATIONS Duscher, D., Anghel, E., Rennert, R. C., Maan, Z. N., Januszyk, M., Whittam, A. J., Rodrigues, M., Than, P., Atashroo, D., Hu, M., Lin, M., Rajadas, J., Longaker, M. T., Gurtner, G. C. WILEY-BLACKWELL. 2014: A39
  • Sutureless Microvascular Anastomosis for Clinical Application Using Poloxamer 188 as an Optimal Transient Thermoreversible Stent Journal of the American College of Surgeons Davis, C. R., Rappleye, T. C., Than, P., Whitmore, A., Maan, Z. N., Rodrigues, M., Bishop, S., Gurtner, G. C. 2014; 219 (3): S89

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