Clinical Instructor, Surgery - Abdominal Transplantation
INTRODUCTION: Urinary diversion in pediatric renal transplant candidates with bladders not amenable to primary reconstruction can be achieved by pre-transplant ileal conduit creation. We performed cutaneous ureterostomies to limit pre-transplant surgery, protect the peritoneum for dialysis, transplant patients sooner, and preserve ureter length for future surgical reconstruction.METHODS: We compared four pediatric transplant recipients with ureterostomies to four recipients with ileal conduits from 2009-2017.RESULTS: All patients with ileal conduits developed at least one urinary tract infection (UTI) within one year of transplant and three of four patients had recurrent UTIs within the first year. Two patients required ileal conduit revisions for redundant conduits and recurrent UTIs. Of the four ureterostomy patients, two patients had UTIs within one year of transplant. Two patients developed ureterostomy strictures requiring revision at the fascial level; one was associated with a UTI.CONCLUSION: In our small case series, ureterostomy allowed for a single operative intervention with preservation of ureter length for later reconstruction. Ureterostomy is safe and recurrent UTI may be lower in the ureterostomy group. Long-term evaluation of ureterostomy for urinary diversion in pediatric kidney transplant is warranted.
View details for DOI 10.1111/ctr.13777
View details for PubMedID 31904131
View details for Web of Science ID 000505634300149
View details for Web of Science ID 000485482200254