Bio

Bio


Dr. Jacquelyn Crane is a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Pediatric Hematology Oncology division at Lucile Packard Children?s Hospital, Stanford University School of Medicine. She received her undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College. She then conducted laboratory-based genetics research for two years in the Pauls lab at Massachusetts General Hospital. She received her medical degree from Tufts University School of Medicine and completed her pediatrics residency and pediatric hematology/oncology fellowship training at University of California Los Angeles. As a pediatric hematology & oncology fellow, she engaged in computational analysis of osteosarcoma transcriptomic data in the Graeber Lab and also completed a medical education fellowship certificate program. Her primary clinical and research interests include sarcomas and other solid tumors, cancer genomics, clinical trials and medical education.

Clinical Focus


  • Hematology/Oncology
  • Solid Tumors
  • Sarcomas

Academic Appointments


Honors & Awards


  • Awardee, Medical Educators Institute, American Society of Hematology (2019)
  • Alice Litman Moss Award - outstanding clinical care, scholarship & professionalism during residency, University of California Los Angeles Pediatric Residency Program (2017)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations


  • Member, American Society of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology (ASPHO) (2018 - Present)
  • Member, American Society of Hematology (ASH) (2019 - Present)
  • Member, Connective Tissue Oncology Society (CTOS) (2020 - Present)

Professional Education


  • Medical Education: Tufts University School of Medicine (2014) MA
  • Fellowship: UCLA Pediatric Hematology Oncology Fellowship (2020) CA United States of America
  • Board Certification: American Board of Pediatrics, Pediatrics (2017)
  • Residency: UCLA Pediatric Residency (2017) CA
  • BA, Dartmouth College, Psychology (2008)

Teaching

Graduate and Fellowship Programs


  • Pediatric Hem/Onc (Fellowship Program)

Publications

All Publications


  • [18F]FDG PET/CT for evaluating early response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in pediatric patients with sarcoma: a prospective single-center trial. EJNMMI research Polverari, G., Ceci, F., Passera, R., Crane, J., Du, L., Li, G., Fanti, S., Bernthal, N., Eilber, F. C., Allen-Auerbach, M., Czernin, J., Calais, J., Federman, N. 2020; 10 (1): 122

    Abstract

    INTRODUCTION: This is a prospective, single-center trial in pediatric patients with sarcoma aiming to evaluate [18F]FDG PET/CT as a tool for early response assessment to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (neo-CTX).METHODS: Bone or soft tissue sarcoma patients with (1) baseline [18F]FDG PET/CT within 4weeks prior to the start of neo-CTX (PET1), (2) early interim [18F]FDG PET/CT (6weeks after the start of neo-CTX (PET2), (3) evaluation of neo-CTX response by histology or MRI, and (4) definitive therapy after neo-CTX (surgery or radiation) were included. Semiquantitative PET parameters (SUVmax, SUVmean, SUVpeak, MTV and TLG) and their changes from PET1 to PET2 (DeltaPET) were obtained. The primary endpoint was to evaluate the predictive value of PET1, PET2 and DeltaPET parameters for overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP). The secondary outcome was to evaluate if [18F]FDG PET/CT can predict the response to neo-CTX assessed by histopathology or MRI. Primary and secondary outcomes were also evaluated in a subpopulation of patients with bone involvement only.RESULTS: Thirty-four consecutive patients were enrolled (10 females; 24 males; median age 15.1years). 17/34 patients (50%) had osteosarcoma, 13/34 (38%) Ewing's sarcoma, 2/34 (6%) synovial sarcoma and 2/34 (6%) embryonal liver sarcoma. Median follow-up was 39months (range 16-84). Eight of 34 patients (24%) died, 9/34 (27%) were alive with disease, and 17/34 (50%) had no evidence of residual/recurrent disease. Fifteen of 34 (44%) and 19/34 (56%) were responders and non-responders, respectively. PET2-parameters were associated with longer TTP (p<0.02). DeltaMTV was associated with tissue response to neo-CTX (p=0.047). None of the PET1, PET2 or DeltaPET parameters were associated with OS.CONCLUSION: [18F]FDG PET/CT performed 6weeks after the start of neo-CTX can serve as an early interim biomarker for TTP and pathologic response but not for OS in pediatric patients with sarcoma.

    View details for DOI 10.1186/s13550-020-00715-0

    View details for PubMedID 33063147

  • A case report of a novel germline GNAS mutation in sonic hedgehog activated medulloblastoma. Pediatric blood & cancer Crane, J. N., Chang, V. Y., Yong, W. H., Salamon, N., Kianmahd, J., Dorrani, N., Martinez-Agosto, J. A., Davidson, T. B. 2020; 67 (3): e28103

    View details for DOI 10.1002/pbc.28103

    View details for PubMedID 31793173

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC7307637

  • Burkitt-like lymphoma in a pediatric patient with familial adenomatous polyposis. Cancer genetics Strobel, K. M., Crane, J. N., Bradford, K. L., Naeini, Y., May, W. A., Chang, V. Y. 2019; 239: 33?35

    Abstract

    Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant condition that predisposes to multiple malignancies, most commonly colorectal carcinoma, but has rarely been associated with lymphoma. We discuss one patient found to have Burkitt-like Lymphoma (BLL) with 11q aberration in the setting of previously undiagnosed FAP. We review the literature of FAP and associated malignancies and the provisional WHO classification of Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration. Both FAP and Burkitt-like lymphoma with 11q aberration involve perturbation of the MYC network and this may provide insight into a connection between these two diagnoses. However, further study is needed to elucidate if there is an increased risk of BLL and other subtypes of lymphoma among patients with FAP in order to provide optimal counseling and surveillance for patients with FAP.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cancergen.2019.09.001

    View details for PubMedID 31520998

  • Cross-Disorder Genome-Wide Analyses Suggest a Complex Genetic Relationship Between Tourette's Syndrome and OCD AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY Yu, D., Mathews, C. A., Scharf, J. M., Neale, B. M., Davis, L. K., Gamazon, E. R., Derks, E. M., Evans, P., Edlund, C. K., Crane, J., Osiecki, L., Gallagher, P., Gerber, G., Haddad, S., Illmann, C., McGrath, L. M., Mayerfeld, C., Arepalli, S., Barlassina, C., Barr, C. L., Bellodi, L., Benarroch, F., Berrio, G. B., Bienvenu, O. J., Black, D. W., Bloch, M. H., Brentani, H., Bruun, R. D., Budman, C. L., Camarena, B., Campbell, D. D., Cappi, C., Silgado, J. C., Cavallini, M. C., Chavira, D. A., Chouinard, S., Cook, E. H., Cookson, M. R., Coric, V., Cullen, B., Cusi, D., Delorme, R., Denys, D., Dion, Y., Eapen, V., Egberts, K., Falkai, P., Fernandez, T., Fournier, E., Garrido, H., Geller, D., Gilbert, D. L., Girard, S. L., Grabe, H. J., Grados, M. A., Greenberg, B. D., Gross-Tsur, V., Gruenblatt, E., Hardy, J., Heiman, G. A., Hemmings, S. M., Herrera, L. D., Hezel, D. M., Hoekstra, P. J., Jankovic, J., Kennedy, J. L., King, R. A., Konkashbaev, A. I., Kremeyer, B., Kurlan, R., Lanzagorta, N., Leboyer, M., Leckman, J. F., Lennertz, L., Liu, C., Lochner, C., Lowe, T. L., Lupoli, S., Macciardi, F., Maier, W., Manunta, P., Marconi, M., McCracken, J. T., Restrepo, S. C., Moessner, R., Moorjani, P., Morgan, J., Muller, H., Murphy, D. L., Naarden, A. L., Nurmi, E., Ochoa, W. C., Ophoff, R. A., Pakstis, A. J., Pato, M. T., Pato, C. N., Piacentini, J., Pittenger, C., Pollak, Y., Rauch, S. L., Renner, T., Reus, V. I., Richter, M. A., Riddle, M. A., Robertson, M. M., Romero, R., Rosario, M. C., Rosenberg, D., Ruhrmann, S., Sabatti, C., Salvi, E., Sampaio, A. S., Samuels, J., Sandor, P., Service, S. K., Sheppard, B., Singer, H. S., Smit, J. H., Stein, D. J., Strengman, E., Tischfield, J. A., Turiel, M., Duarte, A. V., Vallada, H., Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., Walitza, S., Wang, Y., Weale, M., Weiss, R., Wendland, J. R., Westenberg, H. G., Shugart, Y. Y., Hounie, A. G., Miguel, E. C., Nicolini, H., Wagner, M., Ruiz-Linares, A., Cath, D. C., McMahon, W., Posthuma, D., Oostra, B. A., Nestadt, G., Routeau, G. A., Purcell, S., Jenike, M. A., Heutink, P., Hanna, G. L., Conti, D. V., Arnold, P. D., Freimer, N. B., Stewart, E., Knowles, J. A., Cox, N. J., Pauls, D. L. 2015; 172 (1): 82-93

    Abstract

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette's syndrome are highly heritable neurodevelopmental disorders that are thought to share genetic risk factors. However, the identification of definitive susceptibility genes for these etiologically complex disorders remains elusive. The authors report a combined genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Tourette's syndrome and OCD.The authors conducted a GWAS in 2,723 cases (1,310 with OCD, 834 with Tourette's syndrome, 579 with OCD plus Tourette's syndrome/chronic tics), 5,667 ancestry-matched controls, and 290 OCD parent-child trios. GWAS summary statistics were examined for enrichment of functional variants associated with gene expression levels in brain regions. Polygenic score analyses were conducted to investigate the genetic architecture within and across the two disorders.Although no individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) achieved genome-wide significance, the GWAS signals were enriched for SNPs strongly associated with variations in brain gene expression levels (expression quantitative loci, or eQTLs), suggesting the presence of true functional variants that contribute to risk of these disorders. Polygenic score analyses identified a significant polygenic component for OCD (p=2×10(-4)), predicting 3.2% of the phenotypic variance in an independent data set. In contrast, Tourette's syndrome had a smaller, nonsignificant polygenic component, predicting only 0.6% of the phenotypic variance (p=0.06). No significant polygenic signal was detected across the two disorders, although the sample is likely underpowered to detect a modest shared signal. Furthermore, the OCD polygenic signal was significantly attenuated when cases with both OCD and co-occurring Tourette's syndrome/chronic tics were included in the analysis (p=0.01).Previous work has shown that Tourette's syndrome and OCD have some degree of shared genetic variation. However, the data from this study suggest that there are also distinct components to the genetic architectures of these two disorders. Furthermore, OCD with co-occurring Tourette's syndrome/chronic tics may have different underlying genetic susceptibility compared with OCD alone.

    View details for DOI 10.1176/appi.ajp.2014.13101306

    View details for Web of Science ID 000347146000013

    View details for PubMedID 25158072

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4282594

  • Genome-wide association study of obsessive-compulsive disorder MOLECULAR PSYCHIATRY Stewart, S. E., Yu, D., Scharf, J. M., Neale, B. M., Fagerness, J. A., Mathews, C. A., Arnold, P. D., Evans, P. D., Gamazon, E. R., Osiecki, L., McGrath, L., HADDAD, S., Crane, J., Hezel, D., Illman, C., Mayerfeld, C., Konkashbaev, A., Liu, C., Pluzhnikov, A., Tikhomirov, A., Edlund, C. K., Rauch, S. L., Moessner, R., Falkai, P., Maier, W., Ruhrmann, S., Grabe, H., Lennertz, L., Wagner, M., Bellodi, L., Cavallini, M. C., Richter, M. A., Cook, E. H., Kennedy, J. L., Rosenberg, D., Stein, D. J., Hemmings, S. M., Lochner, C., Azzam, A., Chavira, D. A., Fournier, E., Garrido, H., Sheppard, B., Umana, P., Murphy, D. L., Wendland, J. R., Veenstra-Vanderweele, J., Denys, D., Blom, R., Deforce, D., Van Nieuwerburgh, F., Westenberg, H. G., Walitza, S., Egberts, K., Renner, T., Miguel, E. C., Cappi, C., Hounie, A. G., do Rosario, M. C., SAMPAIO, A. S., Vallada, H., Nicolini, H., Lanzagorta, N., Camarena, B., Delorme, R., Leboyer, M., Pato, C. N., Pato, M. T., Voyiaziakis, E., Heutink, P., Cath, D. C., Posthuma, D., Smit, J. H., Samuels, J., Bienvenu, O. J., Cullen, B., Fyer, A. J., Grados, M. A., Greenberg, B. D., McCracken, J. T., Riddle, M. A., Wang, Y., Coric, V., Leckman, J. F., Bloch, M., Pittenger, C., Eapen, V., Black, D. W., Ophoff, R. A., Strengman, E., Cusi, D., Turiel, M., Frau, F., Macciardi, F., Gibbs, J. R., Cookson, M. R., Singleton, A., Hardy, J., Crenshaw, A. T., Parkin, M. A., Mirel, D. B., Conti, D. V., Purcell, S., Nestadt, G., Hanna, G. L., Jenike, M. A., Knowles, J. A., Cox, N., Pauls, D. L. 2013; 18 (7): 788-798

    Abstract

    Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common, debilitating neuropsychiatric illness with complex genetic etiology. The International OCD Foundation Genetics Collaborative (IOCDF-GC) is a multi-national collaboration established to discover the genetic variation predisposing to OCD. A set of individuals affected with DSM-IV OCD, a subset of their parents, and unselected controls, were genotyped with several different Illumina SNP microarrays. After extensive data cleaning, 1465 cases, 5557 ancestry-matched controls and 400 complete trios remained, with a common set of 469,410 autosomal and 9657 X-chromosome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Ancestry-stratified case-control association analyses were conducted for three genetically-defined subpopulations and combined in two meta-analyses, with and without the trio-based analysis. In the case-control analysis, the lowest two P-values were located within DLGAP1 (P=2.49 × 10(-6) and P=3.44 × 10(-6)), a member of the neuronal postsynaptic density complex. In the trio analysis, rs6131295, near BTBD3, exceeded the genome-wide significance threshold with a P-value=3.84 × 10(-8). However, when trios were meta-analyzed with the case-control samples, the P-value for this variant was 3.62 × 10(-5), losing genome-wide significance. Although no SNPs were identified to be associated with OCD at a genome-wide significant level in the combined trio-case-control sample, a significant enrichment of methylation QTLs (P<0.001) and frontal lobe expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) (P=0.001) was observed within the top-ranked SNPs (P<0.01) from the trio-case-control analysis, suggesting these top signals may have a broad role in gene expression in the brain, and possibly in the etiology of OCD.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/mp.2012.85

    View details for Web of Science ID 000320712700012

    View details for PubMedID 22889921

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4218751

  • Genome-wide association study of Tourette's syndrome. Molecular psychiatry Scharf, J. M., Yu, D., Mathews, C. A., Neale, B. M., Stewart, S. E., Fagerness, J. A., Evans, P., Gamazon, E., Edlund, C. K., Service, S. K., Tikhomirov, A., Osiecki, L., Illmann, C., Pluzhnikov, A., Konkashbaev, A., Davis, L. K., Han, B., Crane, J., Moorjani, P., Crenshaw, A. T., Parkin, M. A., Reus, V. I., Lowe, T. L., Rangel-Lugo, M., Chouinard, S., Dion, Y., Girard, S., Cath, D. C., Smit, J. H., King, R. A., Fernandez, T. V., Leckman, J. F., Kidd, K. K., Kidd, J. R., Pakstis, A. J., State, M. W., Herrera, L. D., Romero, R., Fournier, E., Sandor, P., Barr, C. L., Phan, N., Gross-Tsur, V., Benarroch, F., Pollak, Y., Budman, C. L., Bruun, R. D., Erenberg, G., Naarden, A. L., Lee, P. C., Weiss, N., Kremeyer, B., Berrío, G. B., Campbell, D. D., Cardona Silgado, J. C., Ochoa, W. C., Mesa Restrepo, S. C., Muller, H., Valencia Duarte, A. V., Lyon, G. J., Leppert, M., Morgan, J., Weiss, R., Grados, M. A., Anderson, K., Davarya, S., Singer, H., Walkup, J., Jankovic, J., Tischfield, J. A., Heiman, G. A., Gilbert, D. L., Hoekstra, P. J., Robertson, M. M., Kurlan, R., Liu, C., Gibbs, J. R., Singleton, A., Hardy, J., Strengman, E., Ophoff, R. A., Wagner, M., Moessner, R., Mirel, D. B., Posthuma, D., Sabatti, C., Eskin, E., Conti, D. V., Knowles, J. A., Ruiz-Linares, A., Rouleau, G. A., Purcell, S., Heutink, P., Oostra, B. A., McMahon, W. M., Freimer, N. B., Cox, N. J., Pauls, D. L. 2013; 18 (6): 721-728

    Abstract

    Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a developmental disorder that has one of the highest familial recurrence rates among neuropsychiatric diseases with complex inheritance. However, the identification of definitive TS susceptibility genes remains elusive. Here, we report the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TS in 1285 cases and 4964 ancestry-matched controls of European ancestry, including two European-derived population isolates, Ashkenazi Jews from North America and Israel and French Canadians from Quebec, Canada. In a primary meta-analysis of GWAS data from these European ancestry samples, no markers achieved a genome-wide threshold of significance (P<5 × 10(-8)); the top signal was found in rs7868992 on chromosome 9q32 within COL27A1 (P=1.85 × 10(-6)). A secondary analysis including an additional 211 cases and 285 controls from two closely related Latin American population isolates from the Central Valley of Costa Rica and Antioquia, Colombia also identified rs7868992 as the top signal (P=3.6 × 10(-7) for the combined sample of 1496 cases and 5249 controls following imputation with 1000 Genomes data). This study lays the groundwork for the eventual identification of common TS susceptibility variants in larger cohorts and helps to provide a more complete understanding of the full genetic architecture of this disorder.

    View details for DOI 10.1038/mp.2012.69

    View details for PubMedID 22889924

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3605224

  • Meta-analysis of association between obsessive-compulsive disorder and the 3 ' region of neuronal glutamate transporter gene SLC1A1 AMERICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICAL GENETICS PART B-NEUROPSYCHIATRIC GENETICS Stewart, S. E., Mayerfeld, C., Arnold, P. D., Crane, J. R., O'Dushlaine, C., Fagerness, J. A., Yu, D., Scharf, J. M., Chan, E., Kassam, F., Moya, P. R., Wendland, J. R., Delorme, R., Richter, M. A., Kennedy, J. L., Veenstra-Vanderweele, J., Samuels, J., Greenberg, B. D., McCracken, J. T., Knowles, J. A., Fyer, A. J., Rauch, S. L., Riddle, M. A., Grados, M. A., Bienvenu, O. J., Cullen, B., Wang, Y., Shugart, Y. Y., Piacentini, J., Rasmussen, S., Nestadt, G., Murphy, D. L., Jenike, M. A., Cook, E. H., Pauls, D. L., Hanna, G. L., Mathews, C. A. 2013; 162B (4): 367-379

    Abstract

    The neuronal glutamate transporter gene SLC1A1 is a candidate gene for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) based on linkage studies and convergent evidence implicating glutamate in OCD etiology. The 3' end of SLC1A1 is the only genomic region with consistently demonstrated OCD association, especially when analyzing male-only probands. However, specific allele associations have not been consistently replicated, and recent OCD genome-wide association and meta-analysis studies have not incorporated all previously associated SLC1A1 SNPs. To clarify the nature of association between SLC1A1 and OCD, pooled analysis was performed on all available relevant raw study data, comprising a final sample of 815 trios, 306 cases and 634 controls. This revealed weak association between OCD and one of nine tested SLC1A1 polymorphisms (rs301443; uncorrected P?=?0.046; non-significant corrected P). Secondary analyses of male-affecteds only (N?=?358 trios and 133 cases) demonstrated modest association between OCD and a different SNP (rs12682807; uncorrected P?=?0.012; non-significant corrected P). Findings of this meta-analysis are consistent with the trend of previous candidate gene studies in psychiatry and do not clarify the putative role of SLC1A1 in OCD pathophysiology. Nonetheless, it may be important to further examine the potential associations demonstrated in this amalgamated sample, especially since the SNPs with modest associations were not included in the more highly powered recent GWAS or in a past meta-analysis including five SLC1A1 polymorphisms. This study underscores the need for much larger sample sizes in future genetic association studies and suggests that next-generation sequencing may be beneficial in examining the potential role of rare variants in OCD.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/ajmg.b.32137

    View details for Web of Science ID 000319416100005

    View details for PubMedID 23606572

  • Family-based genetic association study of DLGAP3 in Tourette Syndrome. American journal of medical genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric genetics : the official publication of the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics Crane, J., Fagerness, J., Osiecki, L., Gunnell, B., Stewart, S. E., Pauls, D. L., Scharf, J. M. 2011; 156B (1): 108?14

    Abstract

    Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood-onset neuropsychiatric disorder that is familial and highly heritable. Although genetic influences are thought to play a significant role in the development of TS, no definite TS susceptibility genes have been identified to date. TS is believed to be genetically related to both obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and grooming disorders (GD) such as trichotillomania (TTM). SAP90/PSD95-associated protein 3 (SAPAP3/DLGAP3) is a post-synaptic scaffolding protein that is highly expressed in glutamatergic synapses in the striatum and has recently been investigated as a candidate gene in both OCD and GD studies. Given the shared familial relationship between TS, OCD and TTM, DLGAP3 was evaluated as a candidate TS susceptibility gene. In a family-based sample of 289 TS trios, 22 common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the DLGAP3 region were analyzed. Nominally significant associations were identified between TS and rs11264126 and two haplotypes containing rs11264126 and rs12141243. Secondary analyses demonstrated that these results cannot be explained by the presence of comorbid OCD or TTM in the sample. Although none of these results remained significant after correction for multiple hypothesis testing, DLGAP3 remains a promising candidate gene for TS.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/ajmg.b.31134

    View details for PubMedID 21184590

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3066268

  • Association between polymorphisms in GRIK2 gene and obsessive-compulsive disorder: a family-based study. CNS neuroscience & therapeutics Sampaio, A. S., Fagerness, J., Crane, J., Leboyer, M., Delorme, R., Pauls, D. L., Stewart, S. E. 2011; 17 (3): 141?47

    Abstract

    Several studies support a genetic influence on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) etiology. The role of glutamate as an important neurotransmitter affecting OCD pathophysiology has been supported by neuroimaging, animal model, medication, and initial candidate gene studies. Genes involved in glutamatergic pathways, such as the glutamate receptor, ionotropic, kainate 2 (GRIK2), have been associated with OCD in previous studies. This study examines GRIK2 as a candidate gene for OCD susceptibility in a family-based approach. Probands had full DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for OCD. Forty-seven OCD probands and their parents were recruited from tertiary care OCD specialty clinics from France and USA. Genotypes of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers and related haplotypes were analyzed using Haploview and FBAT software. The polymorphism at rs1556995 (P= 0.0027; permuted P-value = 0.03) was significantly associated with the presence of OCD. Also, the two marker haplotype rs1556995/rs1417182, was significantly associated with OCD (P= 0.0019, permuted P-value = 0.01). This study supports previously reported findings of association between proximal GRIK2 SNPs and OCD in a comprehensive evaluation of the gene. Further study with independent samples and larger sample sizes is required.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1755-5949.2009.00130.x

    View details for PubMedID 20370803

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC6493828

  • A neuropsychological study comparing patients infected with HCV and HBV without psychiatric comorbidities. Journal of medical virology Quarantini, L. C., Miranda-Scippa, A., Batista-Neves, S., Powell, V. B., Abreu, N., Abreu, K. C., Moura, I., Crane, J., Sampaio, A. S., Netto, L. R., Deoliveira, I. R., Paraná, R., Bressan, R. A., Lacerda, A. L. 2009; 81 (7): 1184?88

    Abstract

    Hepatitis C is one of the most common chronic infectious diseases worldwide, with well-documented extra-hepatic manifestations, such as a broad number of cognitive deficits. These impairments may be explained by psychiatric comorbidities, which have not been investigated properly in the literature. In order to elucidate a specific hepatitis C virus (HCV) induced cognitive impairment not related to mental disorders, neuropsychological performance of patients infected with HCV was compared with that of patients infected with hepatitis B virus cognitive impairment, especially psychiatric comorbidities. A total of 33 patients infected with HCV and 22 patients infected with HBV were included in the study. There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to age or years of education. The group of patients infected with HCV performed significantly worse on visuo-spatial memory tasks after adjusting for years of education and age. There were no significant differences between patients infected with HCV and patients infected with HBV with regards to other neuropsychological functions. The data indicate that patients infected with HCV patients have poorer visuo-spatial memory performance than patients infected with HBV, suggesting that the cognitive deficit may be specific to HCV infection and not to secondary comorbid psychiatric disorders.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/jmv.21508

    View details for PubMedID 19475611

  • Religion and cancer: examining the possible connections. Journal of psychosocial oncology Crane, J. N. 2009; 27 (4): 469?86

    Abstract

    Numerous sound scientific studies (cross-sectional and longitudinal) have found a positive correlation between religion and physical and mental health. In particular, there is evidence that demonstrates that religion helps cancer patients better adjust to and cope with their disease, at least psychologically. However, some research suggests that mediating factors associated with religion may explain the positive effects of religion on health. This article argues that even if this is the case, there is still intrinsic value to religion in that the mediators themselves are strongly connected to religion, and therefore religion is important to the patient in terms of coping, support, hope, and meaning. This has possible important implications for clinical practice.

    View details for DOI 10.1080/07347330903182010

    View details for PubMedID 19813136

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