Medical communities' productive and efficient use of information resources and tools to enhance research, teaching and education is an expanding area of knowledge integration as more health care professionals move toward an increasingly electronic environment. I facilitate clinical and academic communities' efficient use of information resources and tools to enhance clinical care (e.g., assisting with clinical questions, enhancing knowledge services to address clinical needs, providing education in information literacy, improving web-based usability and access to information, integrating evidence at the point-of-care via the EHR). My research focuses on technology improvements and access to information for health care, and I also conduct research review collaborations with colleagues in the health sciences.

Current Role at Stanford

Clinical & Research Informationist

Honors & Awards

  • 2016 EBSCO/MLA Annual Meeting Grant, Medical Library Association
  • 2014 NLM Biomedical Informatics, National Library of Medicine & Georgia Regents University (previously Woods Hole)
  • 2014 full sponsored attendance award to AAAS, AAAS
  • Award nominee for as part of Library Juice Academy certificate course program in user experience, Design for Experience

Education & Certifications

  • Certificate, NLM/GRU, Biomedical Informatics
  • MA(LIS), The University of Arizona
  • AB, Stanford University


  • AAMC Medical School Tablet Device Survey, The University of Arizona, Arizona Health Sciences Library




    • Michael Campion, Director of Academic & Learning Technologies, University of Washington School of Medicine
    • Joe Benfield, Instructional Technology Integration Specialist, Stanford University School of Medicine
    • Terry Henner, Library Director, University of Nevada School of Medicine
    • Michael Griffith, Associate Director, BioCommunications, The University of Arizona College of Medicine
    • Ethan Kendrick, Group on Information Resources, AAMC


All Publications

  • Practising evidence-based medicine (EBM): a descriptive analysis of medical students’ whole-task EBM assignments Evidence-based Medicine Maggio, L., Capdarest-Arest, N. 2017
  • Keeping Up to Date: Apps to Stay on Top of the Medical Literature Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries Capdarest-Arest, N., Glassman, N. R. 2015; 12 (3)
  • Management of gunshot wounds to the hand: a literature review. journal of hand surgery Turker, T., Capdarest-Arest, N. 2013; 38 (8): 1641-1650


    Hand trauma resulting from firearms is becoming more common in civilian life. In the past, as in wartime, infection was a main source of concern following firearm-related hand injuries, whereas in current civilian life with modern medical care, infection rates are actually low for such injuries. As infection is now of lesser concern, the focus should shift to improve functional outcomes. This review summarizes available literature regarding the management of gunshot wounds to the hand, with particular focus on functional outcomes. In conducting this review, we found that there is not comprehensive information regarding management of gunshot wounds to the hand, and literature discussing functional recovery of the hand is limited. Given the current evidence related to management of gunshot wounds to the hand, we believe that early debridement, antibiotic treatment, reconstruction, and rehabilitation offer patients the best chance for full functional recovery.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhsa.2013.02.011

    View details for PubMedID 23561721

  • Implementing a tablet circulation program on a shoestring JOURNAL OF THE MEDICAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION Capdarest-Arest, N. A. 2013; 101 (3): 220-224

    View details for DOI 10.3163/1536-5050.101.3.013

    View details for Web of Science ID 000323818600013

    View details for PubMedID 23930094

  • Extensor tendon gap reconstruction: a review JOURNAL OF PLASTIC SURGERY AND HAND SURGERY Tuerker, T., Hassan, K., Capdarest-Arest, N. 2016; 50 (1): 1-6


    The extensor tendons of the hand are located in a superficial position on the dorsal aspect of the hand and are highly susceptible to injury. Laceration, crush and avulsion injuries are common extensor tendon injuries presenting for acute care. Such injuries that involve tendon loss or gaps in the extensor tendons require specialised attention and can be some of the most challenging to repair, as extensor tendons have less excursion than flexor tendons. Reconstructive techniques for such defects may differ according to the location of the defect, especially in Verdan's extensor zones 1-5. Adequate repair of extensor tendon defects in zones 1-5 is especially important because (a) even a 1 mm tendon gap in those zones may cause 20° extension loss, and (b) shortening of the extensor tendon by as little as 1 mm may cause decreased finger flexion.This article reviews and discusses the literature on the various approaches and techniques for extensor tendon reconstruction, delineated by zone of injury (zones 1-8). Conclsions: Awareness of the various techniques available to repair defects in each zone of injury is important so that surgeons can choose the technique most in alignment with the type of injury, the surgeon's skills, and patient characteristics, and optimise the repair of such injuries.

    View details for DOI 10.3109/2000656X.2015.1086363

    View details for Web of Science ID 000370646200001

    View details for PubMedID 26400762

  • Deepithelized posterior interosseous artery flap for 3-dimensional defect coverage in the hand. Techniques in hand & upper extremity surgery Türker, T., Gonzalez, J. P., Capdarest-Arest, N. 2015; 19 (2): 51-54


    The posterior interosseous artery (PIA) flap is a pedicle flap that can be harvested at the posterior forearm based on blood supply from the PIA and its concomitant veins. The flap can be used for posttrauma coverage of exposed bones, tendons, and defects; for treatment of a surgical wound; or as a spacer in congenital or burn-related contracture releases. The surgical technique has been reported with limited donor morbidity and few complications to cover exposed structures. In this article, we present our methods and experience using a modification of the posterior interosseous flap that was deepithelized to fill a 3-dimensional cavity in the hand. This method has been successfully used, and the example of the patient shows good outcome, function, and range of motion with no significant complications. The deepithelized PIA flap is a technique that surgeons may add to their toolbox for 3-dimensional defect coverage in the hand. It offers the following advantages: (a) technically uncomplicated; (b) does not create significant donor site morbidity;

    View details for DOI 10.1097/BTH.0000000000000077

    View details for PubMedID 25784611

  • Learning at Hand? Findings from the AAMC Survey on Tablet Device Adoption Medical Science Educator Capdarest-Arest, N., Campion, M. J., Henner, T., Kendrick, E. 2015
  • Hand infections: a retrospective analysis PEERJ Tuerker, T., Capdarest-Arest, N., Bertoch, S. T., Bakken, E. C., Hoover, S. E., Zou, J. 2014; 2


    Purpose. Hand infections are common, usually resulting from an untreated injury. In this retrospective study, we report on hand infection cases needing surgical drainage in order to assess patient demographics, causation of infection, clinical course, and clinical management. Methods. Medical records of patients presenting with hand infections, excluding post-surgical infections, treated with incision and debridement over a one-year period were reviewed. Patient demographics; past medical history; infection site(s) and causation; intervals between onset of infection, hospital admission, surgical intervention and days of hospitalization; gram stains and cultures; choice of antibiotics; complications; and outcomes were reviewed. Results. Most infections were caused by laceration and the most common site of infection was the palm or dorsum of the hand. Mean length of hospitalization was 6 days. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, beta-hemolytic Streptococcus and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus were the most commonly cultured microorganisms. Cephalosporins, clindamycin, amoxicillin/clavulanate, penicillin, vancomycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole were major antibiotic choices. Amputations and contracture were the primary complications. Conclusions. Surgery along with medical management were key to treatment and most soft tissue infections resolved without further complications. With prompt and appropriate care, most hand infection patients can achieve full resolution of their infection.

    View details for DOI 10.7717/peerj.513

    View details for Web of Science ID 000347619600002

    View details for PubMedID 25210653

  • Acute hand ischemia after radial artery cannulation resulting in amputation. Chirurgie de la main Türker, T., Capdarest-Arest, N. 2014; 33 (4): 299-302


    Although radial artery cannulation is a common procedure, in rare cases, it can cause thrombosis leading to severe ischemia of the hand and potentially subsequent gangrene resulting in tissue loss. In this case report, a patient who developed a severely ischemic left hand subsequent to radial artery cannulation is presented. Doppler ultrasound studies showed adequate flow in the patient's hand, however complete thrombosis of the radial artery and significant low flow of the ulnar artery were found using arterial angiogram. The ischemia progressed and surgical intervention to revascularize the hand was unsuccessful, which led to the ultimate amputation of the patient's hand. In cases such as these, where Doppler ultrasound findings show flow but the hand ischemia continues to progress, further diagnostic studies and surgical intervention should be performed as soon as possible to minimize the amount of tissue loss.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.main.2014.05.001

    View details for PubMedID 24953726

  • Zone I Extensor Reconstruction With Tendon Salvaged From Another Finger JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY-AMERICAN VOLUME Tuerker, T., Capdarest-Arest, N., Schmahl, D. T. 2014; 39 (5): 976-980


    Laceration, crush, and avulsion injuries are common acute extensor tendon injuries. Simple lacerations may often be repaired in the emergency room, but crush or avulsion injuries may involve tendon loss and gaps in the extensor tendons. Reconstruction can be difficult. The purpose of this article is to present a salvage technique for reconstruction of large extensor tendon gaps in extensor zone I in patients with severe injuries to multiple fingers. This technique, in which a tendon is transplanted from an unsalvageable finger to another with a terminal tendon gap in the same patient, may be a reasonable remedy for reconstruction of tendon loss or gaps and may offer advantages over other traditional reconstructive techniques in certain cases.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.01.029

    View details for Web of Science ID 000335422200024

    View details for PubMedID 24613590

  • Hypotheses for ongoing evolution of muscles of the upper extremity MEDICAL HYPOTHESES Capdarest-Arest, N., Gonzalez, J. P., Tuerker, T. 2014; 82 (4): 452-456


    There are organs and muscles in the human body that may be considered rudimentary in that they have insignificant or undetermined function. Several such muscles are found in the upper extremity. In this review, four muscles that appear to be undergoing evolutionary changes are discussed: flexor digitorum superficialis to the fifth finger, anconeus, palmaris longus, and anconeus epitrochlearis. The present study synthesizes, advances and extends previously described work about these muscles and extends the hypotheses and concludes that: (a) the flexor digitorum superficialis to the fifth finger is currently under adaptive evolution, (b) the anconeus has currently stabilized its evolution and is serving as a transient stability augmenter during a short portion of the human lifespan, and (c) the entire distal upper extremity is currently in the process of undergoing evolutionary change. Understanding of these muscles and their evolutionary context is important for understanding of impact on function, dysfunction, treatment and future research.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.mehy.2014.01.021

    View details for Web of Science ID 000333790400009

    View details for PubMedID 24529649

  • Open isolated extensor carpi radialis brevis avulsion injury: a case report. Hand (New York, N.Y.) Turker, T., Capdarest-Arest, N. 2013; 8 (3): 354-357

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s11552-013-9510-0

    View details for PubMedID 24426949