Emeritus Faculty-Med Ctr Line, Pathology
Diagnosis of progressive stages of uterine cancer; classification of ovarian tumors; breast cancer diagnosis and prognostic factors, soft tissue neoplasm, uterine mesenchymal neoplasm.
Relationships between ovarian cancer and ability to conceive were explored in a case-control study of 188 women with histologically confirmed epithelial ovarian cancer and 539 control women in the San Francisco Bay Area. Control women consisted of two groups: those hospitalized without cancer, matched to cases by age, race, and hospital of diagnosis (n = 280); and those selected from the general population by random digital dialing, matched to cases by age, race, and telephone prefix (n = 259). Ovarian cancer risk among nulliparous (but not parous) women was positively associated with a history of unsuccessful attempts to conceive, of physician-diagnosed infertility, and of doubts about ability to conceive. Among all women, risk increased with increasing years of unprotected intercourse (P value for trend = 0.02). Risk among women having 10 or more yr of unprotected intercourse was 1.8 relative to that among women having less than 2 such yr (P = 0.01). This association was independent of parity, oral contraceptive use, and estimated years of ovulation, each associated with ovarian cancer. Further, duration of unprotected intercourse combined multiplicatively with each of these latter characteristics in increasing ovarian cancer risk. For example, while cancer risk exhibited a 2-fold range from lowest to highest years of unprotected intercourse and a 4-fold range from lowest to highest years of ovulation, risk among women in the highest joint category of these characteristics was 8 times that of women in the lowest category. We believe that some abnormality of ovulation that reduces the likelihood of conception plays a role in epithelial ovarian cancer.
View details for Web of Science ID A1989AE49800059
View details for PubMedID 2736545