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  • A general role for ventral white matter pathways in morphological processing: Going beyond reading. NeuroImage Yablonski, M., Menashe, B., Ben-Shachar, M. 2020; 226: 117577

    Abstract

    The ability to recognize the structural components of words, known as morphological processing, was recently associated with the bilateral ventral white matter pathways, across different writing systems. However, it remains unclear whether these associations are specific to the context of reading. To shed light on this question, in the current study we investigated whether the ventral pathways are associated with morphological processing in an oral word production task that does not involve reading. Forty-five participants completed a morpheme-based fluency task in Hebrew, as well as diffusion MRI (dMRI) scans. We used probabilistic tractography to segment the major ventral and dorsal white matter pathways, and assessed the correlations between their microstructural properties and performance on the morpheme-based fluency task. We found significant correlations between morpheme-based fluency and properties of the bilateral ventral tracts, suggesting that the involvement of these tracts in morphological processing extends beyond the reading modality. In addition, significant correlations were found in the frontal aslant tract (FAT), a dorsal tract associated with oral fluency and speech production. Together, our findings emphasize that neurocognitive associations reflect both the cognitive construct under investigation as well as the task used for its assessment. Lastly, to elucidate the biological factors underlying these correlations, we incorporated the composite hindered and restricted model of diffusion (CHARMED) framework, measured in independent scans. We found that only some of our findings could be attributed to variation in a CHARMED-based estimate of fiber density. Further, we were able to uncover additional correlations that could not be detected using traditional dMRI indices. In sum, our results show that the involvement of the ventral tracts in morphological processing extends to the production domain, and demonstrate the added value of including sensitive structural measurements in neurocognitive investigations.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117577

    View details for PubMedID 33221439

  • Age-Dependent White Matter Characteristics of the Cerebellar Peduncles from Infancy Through Adolescence CEREBELLUM Bruckert, L., Shpanskaya, K., McKenna, E. S., Borchers, L. R., Yablonski, M., Blecher, T., Ben-Shachar, M., Travis, K. E., Feldman, H. M., Yeom, K. W. 2019; 18 (3): 372–87
  • Separate parts of occipito-temporal white matter fibers are associated with recognition of faces and places NEUROIMAGE Tavor, I., Yablonski, M., Mezer, A., Rom, S., Assaf, Y., Yovel, G. 2014; 86: 123–30

    Abstract

    A central finding of functional MRI studies is the highly selective response of distinct brain areas in the occipital temporal cortex to faces and places. However, little is known about the association of white matter fibers with the processing of these object categories. In the current study we used DTI-based tractography to reconstruct two main fibers that connect the occipital lobe with the anterior temporal lobe (inferior longitudinal fasciculus-ILF) and with the frontal lobe (inferior fronto-occipital fasciculus-IFOF) in normal individuals. In addition to MRI scans subjects performed face, scene and body recognition tasks outside the scanner. Results show that recognition of faces and scenes were selectively associated with separate parts of the ILF. In particular, face recognition was highly associated with the fractional anisotropy (FA) of the anterior part of the ILF in the right hemisphere. In contrast, scene recognition was strongly correlated with the FA of the posterior and middle but not the anterior part of the ILF bilaterally. Our findings provide the first demonstration that faces and places are not only associated with distinct brain areas but also with separate parts of white matter fibers.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.085

    View details for Web of Science ID 000330335300014

    View details for PubMedID 23933304

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