Clinical Focus

  • Internal Medicine

Academic Appointments

Administrative Appointments

  • Medical Director for Quality, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine (2011 - Present)
  • Medical Director, B3/C3 Inpatient Unit, Stanford Healthcare (2006 - Present)
  • Hospitalist, Division of GIM, Stanford University (1999 - Present)

Honors & Awards

  • Award for Service and Leadership, Omega Chi Epsilon (1989)
  • Purdue Outstanding Chemical Engineering Senior, Purdue University (1989)
  • Purdue Alumni Foundation Award, Purdue University (1989)
  • Most Outstanding Senior Women in Engineering, Purdue University (1989)
  • Fellowship, DuPont Fellowship in Chemical Engineering (1989)
  • Fellowship, Tau Beta Pi Engineering Fellowship (1989)
  • Fellowship, National Science Foundation Fellowship (1989-1992)

Professional Education

  • Residency:Stanford University Medical Center (1999) CA
  • Medical Education:Harvard Medical School (1996) MA
  • Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (1999)
  • Internship:Stanford University Medical Center (1997) CA
  • Residency, Stanford Univ Medical Center, Internal Medicine (1999)
  • MD, Harvard University, Medicine (1996)
  • PhD, MIT, Medical Engineering (1995)
  • BS, Purdue University, Chemical Engineering (1989)


2014-15 Courses


Journal Articles

  • Smarter hospital communication: Secure smartphone text messaging improves provider satisfaction and perception of efficacy, workflow. Journal of hospital medicine Przybylo, J. A., Wang, A., Loftus, P., Evans, K. H., Chu, I., Shieh, L. 2014; 9 (9): 573-578


    Though current hospital paging systems are neither efficient (callbacks disrupt workflow), nor secure (pagers are not Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act [HIPAA]-compliant), they are routinely used to communicate patient information. Smartphone-based text messaging is a potentially more convenient and efficient mobile alternative; however, commercial cellular networks are also not secure.To determine if augmenting one-way pagers with Medigram, a secure, HIPAA-compliant group messaging (HCGM) application for smartphones, could improve hospital team communication.Eight-week prospective, cluster-randomized, controlled trialStanford HospitalThree inpatient medicine teams used the HCGM application in addition to paging, while two inpatient medicine teams used paging only for intra-team communication.Baseline and post-study surveys were collected from 22 control and 41 HCGM team members.When compared with paging, HCGM was rated significantly (P < 0.05) more effective in: (1) allowing users to communicate thoughts clearly (P = 0.010) and efficiently (P = 0.009) and (2) integrating into workflow during rounds (P = 0.018) and patient discharge (P = 0.012). Overall satisfaction with HCGM was significantly higher (P = 0.003). 85% of HCGM team respondents said they would recommend using an HCGM system on the wards.Smartphone-based, HIPAA-compliant group messaging applications improve provider perception of in-hospital communication, while providing the information security that paging and commercial cellular networks do not. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2014;9:573-578. © 2014 The Authors Journal of Hospital Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society of Hospital Medicine.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/jhm.2228

    View details for PubMedID 25110991

  • Improved blood utilization using real-time clinical decision support TRANSFUSION Goodnough, L. T., Shieh, L., Hadhazy, E., Cheng, N., Khari, P., Maggio, P. 2014; 54 (5): 1358-1365


    We analyzed blood utilization at Stanford Hospital and Clinics after implementing real-time clinical decision support (CDS) and best practice alerts (BPAs) into physician order entry (POE) for blood transfusions.A clinical effectiveness (CE) team developed consensus with a suggested transfusion threshold of a hemoglobin (Hb) level of 7 g/dL, or 8 g/dL for patients with acute coronary syndromes. The CDS was implemented in July 2010 and consisted of an interruptive BPA at POE, a link to relevant literature, and an "acknowledgment reason" for the blood order.The percentage of blood ordered for patients whose most recent Hb level exceeded 8 g/dL ranged at baseline from 57% to 66%; from the education intervention by the CE team August 2009 to July 2010, the percentage decreased to a range of 52% to 56% (p = 0.01); and after implementation of CDS and BPA, by end of December 2010 the percentage of patients transfused outside the guidelines decreased to 35% (p = 0.02) and has subsequently remained below 30%. For the most recent interval, only 27% (767 of 2890) of transfusions occurred in patients outside guidelines. Comparing 2009 to 2012, despite an increase in annual case mix index from 1.952 to 2.026, total red blood cell (RBC) transfusions decreased by 7186 units, or 24%. The estimated net savings for RBC units (at $225/unit) in purchase costs for 2012 compared to 2009 was $1,616,750.Real-time CDS has significantly improved blood utilization. This system of concurrent review can be used by health care institutions, quality departments, and transfusion services to reduce blood transfusions.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/trf.12445

    View details for Web of Science ID 000335634700024

  • Patient whiteboards to improve patient-centred care in the hospital. Postgraduate medical journal Tan, M., Hooper Evans, K., Braddock, C. H., Shieh, L. 2013; 89 (1056): 604-609


    Patient whiteboards facilitate communication between patients and hospital providers, but little is known about their impact on patient satisfaction and awareness. Our objectives were to: measure the impact in improving patients' understanding of and satisfaction with care; understand barriers for their use by physicians and how these could be overcome; and explore their impact on staff and patients' families.In 2012, we conducted a 3-week pilot of multidisciplinary whiteboard use with 104 inpatients on the general medicine service at Stanford University Medical Center. A brief, inperson survey was conducted with two groups: (1) 56 patients on two inpatient units with whiteboards and (2) 48 patients on two inpatient units without whiteboards. Questions included understanding of: physician name, goals of care, discharge date and satisfaction with care. We surveyed 25 internal medicine residents regarding challenges of whiteboard use, along with physical therapists, occupational therapists, case managers, consulting physicians and patients' family members (n=40).The use of whiteboards significantly increased the proportion of patients who knew: their physician (p≤=0.0001), goals for admission (p≤=0.0016), their estimated discharge date (p≤=0.049) and improved satisfaction with the hospital stay overall (p≤=0.0242). Physicians, ancillary staff and patient families all found the whiteboards to be helpful. In response, residents were also more likely to integrate whiteboard use into their daily work flow.Inpatient whiteboards help physicians and ancillary staff with communication, improve patients' awareness of their care team, admission plans and duration of admission, and significantly improve patient overall satisfaction.

    View details for DOI 10.1136/postgradmedj-2012-131296

    View details for PubMedID 23922397

  • Teaching evidence-based medicine on a busy hospitalist service: Residents rate a pilot curriculum ACADEMIC MEDICINE Nicholson, L. J., Shieh, L. Y. 2005; 80 (6): 607-609


    To increase evidence-based medicine (EBM) instruction within the confines of reduced resident work hours.In 2001-02, the authors designed and implemented an EBM curriculum for residents on an inpatient medicine service at Stanford University Medical Center. Thirty-six residents were assigned the hospitalist rotation in its pilot year. Attendings introduced EBM concepts and Internet resources. During daily rounds, housestaff presented patient-based EBM literature search results. After the rotation, residents were given a questionnaire on which they were asked to rate the impact of the curriculum on their understanding of 20 EBM terms or practice skills (1 = no effect to 5 = strong effect).Twenty-three residents (64%) completed the questionnaire. The results were very positive with average effect of more than 4 (somewhat strong effect/impact) for 16 of the 20 questions. High-speed Internet access and EBM Web resources were critical to efficient delivery of the curriculum during inpatient care.The pilot curriculum successfully introduced the practice of EBM during active inpatient care without requiring additional hours from housestaff schedules. To further evaluate and expand this project, EBM skills will be tested before and after the rotation, and faculty development will allow consistent delivery in additional clinical settings.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000229386300016

    View details for PubMedID 15917368

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