Bio

Bio


Leifer's engineering design thinking research is focused on instrumenting design teams to understand, support, and improve design practice and theory. Specific issues include: design-team research methodology, global team dynamics, innovation leadership, interaction design, design-for-wellbeing, and adaptive mechatronic systems.

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Founding Director, Stanford Rehabilitation Engineering Research and Development Center at the Palo Alto VA (1978 - 1989)
  • Found Director, Stanford University Learning Lab (1997 - 2001)
  • Founding Director, Center for Design Research at Stanford University (1984 - Present)

Honors & Awards


  • ASEE Transactions Fellow, University of Tokyo, Japan (2007)
  • Hedersdoktor (Honorary Doctorate), Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm (2009)
  • Teaching Innovation Award, ASME (1997)
  • Pre-Doctoral Fellowship, National Academia of Engineering (1965)

Professional Education


  • BS, Stanford University, Engineering Science (1962)
  • MS, Stanford University, Product Design (1963)
  • PhD, Stanford University, Biomedical Engineering (1969)

Teaching

2013-14 Courses


Postdoctoral Advisees


Publications

Journal Articles


  • 'Finding One's Way': Re-Discovering a Hunter-Gatherer Model based on Wayfaring INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION Steinert, M., Leifer, L. J. 2012; 28 (2): 251-252
  • EAGER: AnalyzeD - Analyzing Engineering Design Activities, poster presentation at the 2012 NSF Engineering Research and Innovation Conference, sponsored by the National ScienceFoundation’s Division of Civil Mechanical and Manufacturing Innovation (CMMI) Steinert, M., Jablokow, K., Leifer, L. 2012
  • Redefining customer value in Lean Product Development. Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology (JEDT) Gudem, M., Steinert, M., Welo, T., Leifer, L. 2012; 10: 1726-0531
  • Dancing with Ambiguity: causality behavior, design thinking, and triple-loop learning”. international management journal: Information, Knowledge, Systems Management (IKSM) Special Issue one Complex Socio-Technical Systems, ISSN Leifer, L., Steinert, M. 2012: 1389-1995
  • Leveraging Team-Information Interactions to Reveal Project Workflows in Measuring and Increasing Productivity of Knowledge Workers, Media X Research Report Senescu, R., Fischer, M., Steinert, M., Head, A., Schwegler, B., Leifer, L. 2012
  • “Finding One’s Way” Re-Discovering a Hunter-Gatherer Model based on Wayfaring,International Journal of Engineering Education (IJEE), Special Issue on Design Education: Innovation and Entrepreneurship Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2012; 28: 1932-2008
  • MONITORING DESIGN THINKING THROUGH IN-SITU INTERVENTIONS PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 11): IMPACTING SOCIETY THROUGH ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 7: HUMAN BEHAVIOUR IN DESIGN Lande, M., Sonalkar, N., Jung, M., Han, C., Banerjee, B., Leifer, L. 2011; 7: 384-393
  • DESIGNING TO MAXIMIZE VALUE FOR MULTIPLE STAKEHOLDERS: A CHALLENGE TO MED-TECH INNOVATION PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 11), IMPACTING SOCIETY THROUGH ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 10: DESIGN METHODS AND TOOLS, PT 2 Shluzas, L. A., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. J. 2011; 10: 159-166
  • Engineering teamperformance and emotion affective interaction dynamics as indicators of design teamperformance. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering Jung, M. F., Leifer, L. J., Gross, J. J., Hinds, P., Steinert, R. 2011
  • Dancing with Ambiguity: Causality Behavior, Design Thinking, and Triple-loop-learning. Information, Knowledge, Systems Management Leifer, Jarry, J., Steinert, M. 2011; 1 (10): 151-173
  • Dancing with Ambiguity: Causality Behavior, Design Thinking, and Triple-loop-learning Information, Knowledge, Systems Management Leifer, Larry, J., Steinert, M. 2011; 1 (10): 151–173

    View details for DOI 10.3233/IKS-2012-0191

  • Engineering team performance and emotion affective interaction dynamics as indicators of design team performance Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.2011 Jung, M. F., Leifer, Larry, J., Gross, James, J., Hinds, P., Steinert, R. 2011
  • CHARACTERIZING REFLECTIVE PRACTICE IN DESIGN - WHAT ABOUT THOSE IDEAS YOU GET IN THE SHOWER? PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 11): IMPACTING SOCIETY THROUGH ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 7: HUMAN BEHAVIOUR IN DESIGN Currano, R. M., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. J. 2011; 7: 374-383
  • A METHOD TO STUDY AFFECTIVE DYNAMICS AND PERFORMANCE IN ENGINEERING DESIGN TEAMS PROCEEDINGS OF THE 18TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 11): IMPACTING SOCIETY THROUGH ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 7: HUMAN BEHAVIOUR IN DESIGN Jung, M. F., Leifer, L. J. 2011; 7: 244-253
  • A framework for design engineering education in a global context AI EDAM-ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR ENGINEERING DESIGN ANALYSIS AND MANUFACTURING Wodehouse, A. J., Grierson, H. J., Breslin, C., Eris, O., Ion, W. J., Leifer, L. J., Mabogunje, A. 2010; 24 (3): 367-378
  • PHYSICIAN-DEVELOPER INTERACTION IN MEDICAL DEVICE DESIGN PROCEEDINGS OF THE 5TH FRONTIERS IN BIOMEDICAL DEVICES CONFERENCE AND EXPOSITION, 2010 Shluzas, L. A., Leifer, L. J. 2010: 45-46
  • The Systemic Correlation Between Mental Models and Sustainable Design: Implications for Engineering Educators INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION Vanasupa, L., Burton, R., Stolk, J., Zimmerman, J. B., Leifer, L. J., Anastas, P. T. 2010; 26 (2): 438-450
  • Difficulties Student Engineers Face Designing the Future INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2010; 26 (2): 271-277
  • NAVIGATING THE BARRIERS TO INTERDISCIPLINARY DESIGN EDUCATION: LESSONS LEARNED FROM THE NSF DESIGN WORKSHOP SERIES PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME INTERNATIONAL DESIGN ENGINEERING TECHNICAL CONFERENCES AND COMPUTERS AND INFORMATION IN ENGINEERING CONFERENCE, DETC 2010, VOL 6 Simpson, T. W., Parkinson, M., Celento, D., Chen, W., McKenna, A., Colgate, E., Norman, D., Papalambros, P., Gonzalez, R., Roth, B., Leifer, L. 2010: 627-637
  • Scrutinizing Gartner's Hype Cycle Approach PICMET 2010: TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT FOR GLOBAL ECONOMIC GROWTH Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2010
  • Pair Programming Performance: An emotionaldynamics point of view from marital pair counseling. Electronic Colloquium on Design Thinking Research (ECDTR) Jung, M., Chong, J., Leifer, L. 2010
  • PROTOTYPING TO LEARN: CHARACTERIZING ENGINEERING STUDENTS' PROTOTYPING ACTIVITIES AND PROTOTYPES ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 1: DESIGN PROCESSES Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2009: 507-516
  • WE NEED A UNIVERSAL DESIGN PROJECT OUTCOME PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT METRIC: A DISCUSSION BASED ON EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 6: DESIGN METHODS AND TOOLS, PT 2 Skogstad, P., Steinert, M., Gumerlock, K., Leifer, L. 2009: 473-484
  • DESIGNING OBJECTS THAT IMPROVE WITH USE ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 7: DESIGN FOR X, DESIGN TO X Helms, M., Leifer, L. 2009: 311-320
  • Coaching product development teams: a conceptual foundation for empirical studies RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING DESIGN Reich, Y., Ullmann, G., Van der Loos, M., Leifer, L. 2009; 19 (4): 205-222
  • Stanford’s ME310 Course as an Evolution of Engineering Design. Rajkumar Roy, EssamShehab Carleton, T., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Spider Webbing: A Paradigm for Engineering Design Conversations during Concept Generation About: Designing; Analysing Design Meetings Mabogunje, A., Eris, O., Sonalkar, N., Jung, M., Leifer, L. 2009: 49-65
  • TANGIBLE BUSINESS PROCESS MODELING: A NEW APPROACH ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 6: DESIGN METHODS AND TOOLS, PT 2 Edelman, J., Grosskopf, A., Weske, M., Leifer, L. 2009: 485-493
  • LOWERING BARRIERS TO DISTRIBUTED DESIGN RESEARCH COLLABORATION ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 9: HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN DESIGN Sirkin, D. M., Sonalkar, N., Jung, M., Leifer, L. J. 2009: 279-285
  • UNDERSTANDING IDEALOGGING: THE USE AND PERCEPTION OF LOGBOOKS WITHIN A CAPSTONE ENGINEERING DESIGN COURSE ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 9: HUMAN BEHAVIOR IN DESIGN Currano, R., Leifer, L. 2009: 323-331
  • HIDDEN IN PLAIN SIGHT: AFFORDANCES OF SHARED MODELS IN TEAM-BASED DESIGN ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 2: DESIGN THEORY AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Edelman, J. A., Leifer, L., Banerjee, B., Jung, M., Sonalkar, N., Lande, M. 2009: 395-405
  • STUDENT FACEBOOK CONNECTIONS IN A GLOBAL PROJECT BASED ENGINEERING DESIGN COURSE ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 10: DESIGN EDUCATION AND LIFELONG LEARNING Suzuki, A. "., Leifer, L. 2009: 215-226
  • The design of implicit interactions: Making interactive systems less obnoxious DESIGN ISSUES Ju, W., Leifer, L. 2008; 24 (3): 72-84
  • Product Design and Intentional Emergence facilitated by Serious Play PROCEEDINGS OF NORDDESIGN 2008 Mabogunje, A., Hansen, P. K., Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2008: 9-18
  • Coaching product development teams: A conceptual foundation Research in Engineering Design Reich, Y., Ullmann, G., Van der Loos, M., Leifer, L. 2008
  • Interdisciplinary Design as an Instructional Discipline Final Report the NSF Design Workshop Series Celeno, D., Chen, W., Colgate, E., Gonzalez, R., Leifer, L., McKenna, A. 2008, 2009
  • "Scholarship of Impact" framework in engineering education research: Learnings from the Institute for Scholarship on Engineering Education 2007 37TH ANNUAL FRONTIERS IN EDUCATION CONFERENCE, GLOBAL ENGINEERING : KNOWLEDGE WITHOUT BORDERS - OPPORTUNITIES WITHOUT PASSPORTS, VOLS 1- 4 Lande, M., Adams, R., Chen, H., Currano, B., Leifer, L. 2007: 513-517
  • Culture coaching: A model for facilitating globally distributed collaborative work 36TH ANNUAL FRONTIERS IN EDUCATION, CONFERENCE PROGRAM, VOLS 1-4 Grimheden, M., Van der Loos, H. F., Chen, H. L., Cannon, D. M., Leifer, L. J. 2006: 1669-1674
  • SWING - Simulation, workshops, interactive eNvironments and gaming: An integrated approach to improve learning, design, and strategic decision making PROCEEDINGS OF NORDDESIGN 2006 CONFERENCE Mabogunje, A., Hansen, P. K., Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2006: 277-286
  • ConExSIR: A Dialogue-based Framework of Design Team Thinking and Discovery. In Chance Discoveries in Real World Decision Making Ozgure, E., Bergner, D., Jung, M., Leifer, L. 2006; 30: 329–344
  • Engineering Design Thinking, Teaching, and Learning. IEEE Engineering Management Review Dym, C., Agogino, A., Eris, O., Frey, D., Leifer, L. 2006; 1 (34): 65-92
  • Experimental results using force-feedback cueing in robot-assisted stroke therapy IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL SYSTEMS AND REHABILITATION ENGINEERING Johnson, M. J., Van der Loos, H. F., Burgar, C. G., Shor, P., Leifer, L. J. 2005; 13 (3): 335-348

    Abstract

    Stroke is the leading cause of disability among adults in the United States. Behaviors such as learned nonuse hinder hemiplegic stroke survivors from the full use of both arms in activities of daily living. Active force-feedback cues, designed to restrain the use of the less-affected arm, were embedded into a meaningful driving simulation environment to create robot-assisted therapy device, driver's simulation environment for arm therapy (SEAT). The study hypothesized that force-feedback control mode could "motivate" stroke survivors to increase the productive use of their impaired arm throughout a bilateral steering task, by providing motivating feedback and reinforcement cues to reduce the overuse of the less-affected arm. Experimental results demonstrate that the force cues counteracted the tendency of hemiplegic subjects to produce counter-productive torques only during bilateral steering tasks (p < 0.05) that required the movement of their impaired arm in steering directions up and against gravity. Impaired arm activity was quantified in terms of torques due to the measured tangential forces on the split-steering wheel of driver's SEAT during bilateral steering. Results were verified using surface electromyograms recorded from key muscles in the impaired arm.

    View details for DOI 10.1109/TNSRE.2005.850428

    View details for Web of Science ID 000231969500010

    View details for PubMedID 16200757

  • Engineering design thinking, teaching, and learning JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION Dym, C. L., Agogino, A. M., Eris, O., Frey, D. D., Leifer, L. J. 2005; 94 (1): 103-120
  • The effect of a telepointer on student performance and preference COMPUTERS & EDUCATION Adams, J., Rogers, B., Hayne, S., Mark, G., NASH, J., Leifer, L. 2005; 44 (1): 35-51
  • Using Wikis and Weblogs to Support Reflective Learning in an Introductory Engineering Design Course Human Behavior in Design'05, Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition Chen, H., L., Cannon, D., Gabrio, J., Leifer, L., Toye, G., Bailey, T. 2005: 95-105
  • Effective technology transfer to the undergraduate and graduate classroom as a result of a novel Ph.D. program IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION Adams, J. D., Rogers, B. S., Leifer, L. J. 2004; 47 (2): 227-231
  • Microtechnology, nanotechnology, and the scanning-probe microscope: An innovative course IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON EDUCATION Adams, J. D., Rogers, B. S., Leifer, L. J. 2004; 47 (1): 51-56
  • Measuring the performance of online distributed team innovation (learning) services. e-Technologies in Engineering Education: Learning Outcomes Providing Future Possibilities Leifer, L., J., Culpepper, J., Ju, W., Cannon, D., Eirs, O., Ling, T. 2004; 16
  • Design and evaluation of Driver's SEAT: A car steering simulation environment for upper limb stroke therapy ROBOTICA Johnson, M. J., Van der Loos, H. F., Burgar, C. G., Shor, P., Leifer, L. J. 2003; 21: 13-23
  • Using the contextual skills matrix for PBL assessment INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING EDUCATION Cockayne, W., Feland, J. M., Leifer, L. 2003; 19 (5): 701-705
  • Accelerating product innovation - engineering peer-to-peer communication service adoption studies and metrics COMPUTER-BASED DESIGN Leifer, L., Eris, O., Culpepper, J., Mabogunje, A. 2002: 35-46
  • Product development process ontology DESIGN 2002: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 7TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1 AND 2 Mabogunje, A., Hansen, P. K., Eris, Z., Leifer, L. 2002: 197-202
  • ua-Labs: Socio-technical challenges in tele-rehabilitation, distant learning and universal access to continuing education SECOND JOINT EMBS-BMES CONFERENCE 2002, VOLS 1-3, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Leifer, L. J., Wagner, J. J., Johnson, M. J., Van der Loos, H. F. 2002: 2351-2352
  • Principles for designing in motivation into a robotic stroke therapy device SECOND JOINT EMBS-BMES CONFERENCE 2002, VOLS 1-3, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Johnson, M. J., Van der Loos, H. F., Burgar, C. G., Shor, P., Leifer, L. J. 2002: 2339-2340
  • Taking Atomic Force Microscope advances to the university classroom 2001 IEEE AEROSPACE CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, VOLS 1-7 Adams, J. D., Priyadarshan, G., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. J., Quate, C. F., Ong, E. W., Ramakrishna, B. L. 2001: 3673-3682
  • Incorporating incentives into design documentation tools DESIGN MANAGEMENT - PROCESS AND INFORMATION ISSUES Lloyd, T., Leifer, L. 2001: 211-218
  • Senior Level Undergraduate Student teaching of an entire engineering elective course Extended Abstract Adams, J., D., Nash, Joash, J., Leifer, L. 2001: 10–13
  • The Stanford Learning Lab 1997-2000 Stanford University Leifer, L., J. 2001
  • Towards a science of engineering design teams DESIGN MANAGEMENT - PROCESS AND INFORMATION ISSUES Mabogunje, A., Carrizosa, K., Sheppard, S., Leifer, L. 2001: 465-472
  • Analyzing requirements - Evolution in engineering design using the method of problem-reduction CONCURRENT ENGINEERING-RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Eodice, M. T., Leifer, L. J., Fruchter, R. 2000; 8 (2): 104-114
  • Analyzing Requirements-Evolution in Engineering Design Using the Method of Problem-Reduction Concurrent Enginnering Research Applications (CERA) Journal Eodice, M., Fruchter, R., Leifer, L. 2000; 8
  • Scaffolding the engineering design process - a social and data engineering approach ENGINEERING DESIGN CONFERENCE 2000: DESIGN FOR EXCELLENCE Leifer, L. J., Mabogunje, A. 2000: 833-839
  • Analyzing Engineering Requirements Using the Method of Problem-Reduction Journal of Concurrent Engineering and Research Applications (CERA) Eodice, Michael, T., Fruchter, R., Leifer, Larry, J. 2000; 8
  • User testing and design iteration of the ProVAR user interface RO-MAN'99: 8TH IEEE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON ROBOT AND HUMAN INTERACTION Wagner, J. J., Wickizer, M., Van der Loos, H. F., Leifer, L. J. 1999: 18-22
  • Learning By Design Stanford, CA, Stanford University. Leifer, L., Liang, T., Carrizosa, K. 1999
  • Experience capture and reuse for complex system design-deployment: position paper based on our experience using the internet. Complex Systems: Control and Modeling Problems '99 Leifer, L., Liang, T., Cannon, D., Mabogunje, A., Yen, S., Yang, M. 1999: 1-5
  • VisionManager: A computer environment for design evolution capture CONCURRENT ENGINEERING-RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Fruchter, R., Reiner, K., Leifer, L., Toye, G. 1998; 6 (1): 71-84
  • Web-based information support for biomedical device design and education PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE IEEE ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY SOCIETY, VOL 20, PTS 1-6 Tsai, M. C., Dev, P., Leifer, L., Melmon, K. L. 1998; 20: 1192-1193
  • Design teaching: beyond design education with product-based-learning, electronic-learning portfolios, and global teams - Keynote paper ENGINEERING DESIGN CONFERENCE '98 Leifer, L. J. 1998: 11-20
  • Collaborative mechatronic system design CONCURRENT ENGINEERING-RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS Fruchter, R., Reiner, K. A., Toye, G., Leifer, L. J. 1996; 4 (4): 401-412
  • Collaborative Mechatronic Systems Design in Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications Toye, G., Fruchter, R., Reiner, K., Leifer, L. 1996
  • Collaboration in Design Teams: How Social Interaction Shapes the Product Analysing Design Activity Brereton, M., Cannon, D., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 1996: 37-53
  • Commentary on article by J.W. Morehead and P.J. Shedd on Student Interviews: a vital role in the scholarship of teaching Journal Innovative Higher Education Sheppard, S., D., Leifter, L., J., Carryer, E. 1996
  • The design and use of history list systems for rehabilitation robots. Technology and Disability Van der Loos, F., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1996; 5:2: 177-196
  • HELLENIC FAULT-TOLERANCE FOR ROBOTS COMPUTERS & ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Toye, G., Leifer, L. J. 1994; 20 (6): 479-497
  • SHARE - A METHODOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENT FOR COLLABORATIVE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INTELLIGENT & COOPERATIVE INFORMATION SYSTEMS Toye, G., Cutkosky, M. R., Leifer, L. J., Tenenbaum, J. M., GLICKSMAN, J. 1994; 3 (2): 129-153
  • Synthesis Assessment Implementation Plan Synthesis Coalition 5th year report Leifer, L., J. 1994
  • Center for Design Research Project Abstracts Leifer, L., J. 1991: 52
  • An observational methodology for studying groupdesign activity. Research in Engineering Design Tang, J., Leifer, L. 1991; 4 (2): 209-219
  • An observational methodology for studying group design activity. Research in engineering design Tang, J., Leifer, L. 1991; 4 (2): 209–219
  • An Observational Methodology for Studying Group Design Activity Research in Engineering Design Tang, J., C., Leifer, L., J. 1991; 2 (4): 209-219
  • Center for Design Research Project Abstracts Leifer, L., J. 1990: 48
  • Center for Design Research SIMA Projects Stanford Institute for Manufacturing and Automation Symposium Leifer, L., J. 1990: 12
  • Rehabilitation Research and Development Center Progress Reports Journal of Rehabilitation R&D Leifer, L., J. 1989: 13
  • Vocational and ADL Utility from Personal Assistant Telerobots NASA: Telerobotics Visual Definition of Current Capabilities, Washington DC Leifer, L., Michalowski, S., Loos, Van der, M. 1989: 10
  • Center for Design Research Report Stanford Institute for Manufacturing and Automation Report 1989 Leifer, L., J. 1989: 35-66
  • FUNCTIONAL ELECTRICAL-STIMULATION IN THE USA JOURNAL OF MEDICAL ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Swain, I. D., Johnson, T., Schoenberg, A., Carlson, L., Peckham, H., MORTIMER, T., ZAJAK, F., Leifer, L., Meadows, P. 1988; 12 (2): 61-71
  • APPLICATIONS OF DAMPED LEAST-SQUARES METHODS TO RESOLVED-RATE AND RESOLVED-ACCELERATION CONTROL OF MANIPULATORS JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME Wampler, C. W., Leifer, L. J. 1988; 110 (1): 31-38
  • The Cutplane: a Tool for Interactive Solid Modeling ACM-SIGCHI Bulletin Edwards, L., Kessler, W., Leifer, L. 1988: 72-78
  • Center for Design Research Report Stanford Institute for Manufacturing and Automation Report 1988 Leifer, L., J. 1988: 28
  • The Cutplane: A Tool for Interactive Solid Modeling SIGCHI Bulletin Edwards, L., Kessler, W., Leifer, L. 1988; 20 (2): 72-77
  • Rehabilitation Research and Development Center Report Veterans Administration Rehabilitation R&D Progress Reports Leifer, L., J. 1988: 93
  • Applications of Damped Least-Squares Methods to Resolve-Rate and Resolved-Acceleration Control of Manipulators ASME Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control Wampler, C., W., Leifer, L., J. 1988; 110: 31-38
  • AUTOMATIC GRASPING - AN OPTIMIZATION APPROACH IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS MAN AND CYBERNETICS JAMESON, J. W., Leifer, L. J. 1987; 17 (5): 806-814
  • Center for Design Research Report Stanford Institute for Manufacturing and Automation Report 1986 Leifer, L., J. 1987: 22
  • Center for Design Research Report Stanford Institute for Manufacturing and Automation Report 1985 Leifer, L., J. 1987: 18
  • Center for Design Research Report Stanford Institute for Manufacturing and Automation Report 1987 Leifer, L., J. 1987: 27
  • Rehabilitation Research and Development Center REPORT'86 Palo Alto Veterans Administration Medical Center Leifer, L. 1986: 104
  • Rehabilitation Engineering Research and Development Center Progress Report Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development Leifer, L. 1986; 3 (1): 43-56
  • An Intelligent Control System Design Aid ASME Computers in Engineering, Boston Curran, A., Lefer, L. 1985: 65-71
  • Rehabilitation Research and Development Center Progress Report Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development Leifer, L. 1985; 2 (1): 125-138
  • Interactive evaluation of voice control for a robotic aid AVIOS Journal Awad-Edwards, R., Engelhardt, K., G., Loos, V. d., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1984
  • Rehabilitative Robotics Journal of Medical Electronics Leifer, L. 1984: 85-91
  • Independent Access Video Education System for Rehabilitation American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Boston, MA Tang, J., Lloyd, E., Phillips, R., Engelhardt, K., Perkash, I., Wilmot, C., Leifer, L. J. 1984: 5
  • Rehabilitation Research and Development Center Report Palo Alto Veterans Administration Medical Center Leifer, L. 1984: 88
  • Environmental Control and Robotic Manipulation Aids IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine LeBlanc, M., Leifer, L. 1982: 16-22
  • Rehabilitative Robotics: Objectives and Evolution Robotics Age Leifer, L. 1981: 4-16
  • Microcomputer Controlled Omnidirectional Mechanism for Wheelchairs IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Houston La, W., Koogle, T., Jaffe, D., Leifer, L. 1981: 326-329
  • The Use of Optical Barograph for the Study of Some Aspects of Pressure Sore Etiology American Society of Plastic Surgeons, Scottsdale Springhorn, M., Vistnes, L., Leifer, L. 1980: 9
  • Nachweis von Stereopsis beiKindernMittelsStochastisherPunktstereogramme und der ZugehorigenEvozierten Potential at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, under the direction of Professor Max Anliker. Benno is now an Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering at the Eye Institute in Sans Switzerland. Leifer, L., Benno, P. 1980
  • Palo Alto VA Medical Center Rehabilitative Engineering Research and Development Center Report and Prospectus Bulletin of Prosthetics and Research Leifer, L. 1979; 31 (2): 48-68
  • NERVE-BUNDLE CONDUCTION-VELOCITY DISTRIBUTION MEASUREMENT AND TRANSFER-FUNCTION ANALYSIS PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE Leifer, L. J., Meyer, M. A., Morf, M., Petrig, B. 1977; 65 (5): 747-755
  • P300 Latency and Amplitude as a Function of Stimulus Information Processing Quantification of the Electroencephalogram, Vevey Leifer, L., Hart, S., Lee, A., Otto, D., Huff, E. 1975
  • Is Contingent Negative Variation Contingent Upon a Motor Response? Psychophysiology Donchin, E., Gerbrandt, L., Leifer, L., Tucker, L. 1972; 9 (2): 178-188
  • An Auditory Prompting Device for Behavioral Observation Journal of Experimental Child Psychology Leifer, A., Leifer, L. 1971; II: 376-378
  • Force Encodement in Muscle Fiber Discharge During Voluntary Isometric Contractions Engineering in Medicine and Biology, San Diego Leifer, L. 1970: 225
  • Is the Contingent Negative Variation Contingent on a Motor Response? American EEG Society Meeting, Chicago Donchin, E., Gerbrandt, L., Leifer, L. 1970: 8

Books and Book Chapters


  • Design Thinking Research: Measuring the Impact of the Curriculum in the Series: Understanding Innovation, Springer Leifer, L. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. Springer. 2013: 1
  • Design Thinking Research: Measuring Performance in the Field in the Series: Understanding Innovation, Springer Leifer, L. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. Springer. 2012: 1
  • A Unified Innovation Process Model for Engineering Designers and Managers In Design Thinking Skogstad, P., Leifer, L. edited by Meinel, C., Leifer, L., Plattner, H. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2011: 19–43
  • Design Loupes: A bifocal study to improve the management of engineering design innovation by co-evaluation of the design process and information sharing activity Design Thinking Research - Studying Co-Creation in Practice Currano, B., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leiffer, L. Springer. 2011: 91-107
  • Design Thinking Research: Studying Co-Creation in Practice in the Series: Understanding Innovation, Springer Leifer, L. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. Springer. 2011: 1
  • Design Thinking Understand -Improve - Apply. Christoph, M., Leifer, L., Plattner, H. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 2011
  • Determining the effect of tangible business processmodeling. Design Thinking –Studying Co-Creation in Practice Leifer, L., Luebbe, A., Weske, M. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. 2011: 1
  • Designing a tangible approach to business processmodeling. Design Thinking –Understand,, Improve, Apply. Springer Leifer, L., Luebbe, A., Weske, M. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. 2010: 1
  • Design Thinking – Understand,Improve, Apply Luebbe, A., Weske, M. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. Springer. 2010
  • Design Thinking Research: Understand – Improve – Apply in the Series: Understanding Innovation, Springer Leifer, L. edited by Plattner, H., Meinel, C., Leifer, L. Springer. 2010: 1
  • ConExSIR: A DialoguebasedFramework of Design Team Thinking and Discovery. In Chance Discoveriesin Real World Decision Making Eris, O., Bergner, D., Jung, M., Leifer, L. edited by Ohsawa, Y., Tsumoto, S. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer Berlin. 2006: 1
  • ConExSIR: A Dialogue-based Framework of Design Team Thinking and Discovery in Chance Discoveries in Real World Decision Making Eris, O., Bergner, D., Yung, M., Leifer, L. edited by Ohsawa, Y., Tsumoto, S. Springer-Verlag, London. 2006: 329-344
  • Center for Design Research at Stanford University in “Design Process Improvement - A Review of Current Practice," Leifer, L., J. edited by Clarkson, John, P., Eckert, C. In press: publication year. 2005: 522-526
  • Using Wikis and Weblogs to Support Reflective Learning in an Introductory Engineering Design Course Human Behavior in Design'05, Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition Chen, H., L., Cannon, D., Gabrio, J., Leifer, L., Toye, G., Bailey, T. edited by Gero, J., S., Lindemann, U. University of Sydney. 2005: 95-105
  • Modeling Product Development Knowledge Acquisition in Industry in The Role of Empirical Studies in Understanding and Supporting Engineering Design Eris, O., Leifer, L. edited by Subrahmanian, Sriram, R., Herder, P. Delft University Press. 2004: 1
  • Design research: methods and perspectives. Leifer, L., Laurel, B. The MIT Press.. 2003
  • Design Team Performance: Metrics and the impact of Technology in Evaluating Organizational Training Leifer, L., J. edited by Brown, S., M., Seidner, C. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1998: 1
  • Characteristics of Collaboration in Engineering Design Teams: Mediating Design Progress through Social Interaction Analyzing Design Activity Brereton, M., F., Cannon, D., M., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. edited by Dorst, K., Christaans, H., Cross, N. Wiley, Chichester, UK. 1996: 1
  • Understanding Information Management in Conceptual Design Analyzing Design Activity Baya, V., Leifer, L., J. edited by Dorst, K., Christiaans, H., Cross, N. Wiley, Chichester, UK. 1996: 1
  • An Observational Methodology for Studying Group Design Activity in Mechanical Design: Theory and Methodology Tang, J., C., Leifer, L., J. edited by Waldron, W., Verlag, S. 1996: 52-70
  • On the Nature of Design and an Environment for Design System Design: Behavioral Perspectives on Designers, Tools, and Organizations Leifer, L., J. edited by Rouse, W., B., Boff, K., R. North-Holland. 1987: 65-70
  • Prostheses in chief, Encyclopedia of Artificial Intelligence, Leifer, L., J. edited by Shapiro, S., D. 1987: 797-805
  • Restoration of Motor Function - A Robotics Approach in Uses of Computers in Aiding the Disabled Leifer, L. North-Holland Co.,. 1982: 3-18
  • High Technology, by Design, for the Handicapped Technology for Independent Living Leifer, L. edited by Redden, M., Stern, L. AAAS Press, Washington DC. 1982: 143-157
  • Distributions of Conduction Velocity: A Population Approach to the Electrophysiology of Nerves Leifer, L. edited by Dorfman, L., Cummins, K., Leiffer, L. Allen Liss, Inc., New York. 1981: 311
  • Peripheral Motor Neuron Conduction Velocity Distribution Estimation in Distributions of Conduction Velocity: A Population Approach to the Electro-physiology of Nerves Leifer, L. Allen Liss, Inc., New York. 1981: 233-265
  • Slow Potential Correlates of Predictive Behavior During a Complex Learning Task in Event Related Slow Potentials of the Brain Leifer, L., Otto, D., Hart, S., Huff, E. edited by McCallum 1976: 65-70
  • Slow Potential Components of Stimulus Response and the Preparatory Process in Man -- A Multiple Regression Model Cerebral Evoked Potentials in Man Otto, D., Benignus, V., Ryan, L., Leifer, L. edited by Desmedt, J. Oxford Press. 1975: 143-157

Conference Proceedings


  • Proceedings of ICED'09 Leifer, L. edited by Leifer, L., Skogstad, P., Seering, W. : 473- 484
  • Task-Specific Assessment of Robot Effectiveness: enhancing the independence of quadriplegics in the workplace Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Hammel, J., Leifer, L.
  • Design Teaching beyond design education with product-based-learning, electronic-learning-portfolios and global teams Leifer, L.
  • Cost-Performance Management through Knowledge Reuse in Large Scale Defense Projects: vision and proposed system architecture Feland, J., M., Nowak, M., L., Leifer, L., J.
  • Applying bioinformatics analysis principles to CADdata to better characterize and improve the design process Nguyen, P., T., Steinert, M., Carroll, A., Leifer, L. 2012
  • Applying Bioinfomatics Analysis Principles to CAD Data to Better Characterize and Improve the Design Process Nguyen, P., Steinert, M., Carroll, A., Leifer, L. 2012
  • Designing to Maximize Value for Multiple Stakeholders: A Challenge toMed-Tech Innovation Aquino Shluzas, L., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2011
  • A framework for reflection in innovation design Currano, R., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2011
  • Customer value is not a number – Investigating the value concept in Lean Product Development Gudem, M., Steinert, M., Welo, T., Leifer, L. 2011
  • Preparing tomorrow’s medical device designers and entrepreneurs. Aquino Shluzas, L., Leifer, L., J. 2011
  • Customer value is not a number – Investigating the value concept inLean Product Development Gudem, M., Steinert, M., Welo, T., Leifer, L. 2011
  • What designers can learn from artists and architects about the philosophy within conceptualization Petersen, S., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2011
  • A Method to Study Affective Dynamics and Performance in Engineering Design Teams Jung, M., F., Leifer, L., J. 2011
  • A Unified Innovation Process Model forEngineering Designers and Managers Skogstad, P., Leifer, L. edited by Meinel, C., Leifer, L., Plattner, H. 2011
  • Designing to Maximize Value for Multiple Stakeholders: A Challenge to Med-Tech Innovation Aquino Shluzas, L., Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2011
  • Scrutinizing Gartner's hype cycleapproach. Steinert, M., Leifer, L., J. 2010
  • Scrutinizing Gartner's Hype Curve approach Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2010
  • Design thinking implementedin software engineering tools. Luebbe, A., Edelman, J., Steinert, M., Leifer, L., Weske, M. 2010
  • Open Education Resource I: Empirical Results on its Demand from an Economics and Management Faculty Steinert, M., Leifer, L. 2010
  • Design thinking implemented in software engineering tools Luebbe, A., Edelman, J., Steinert, M., Leifer, L., Weske, M. 2010
  • Designing Perception-Action Theories – Theory-Building for Design Practice. Jung, M., Sonalkar, N., Mabogunje, A., Benerjee, B., Lande, M., Han, C., Leifer, L. J. 2010
  • Incubating Engineers and Hatching Design Thinkers: Mechanical Engineering Students Learning Design Through Ambidextrous Ways of Thinking Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2010
  • Why a universal design project outcome performance measurement metric is needed – a discussion based on empirical research Stkogstad, P., Steinert, M., Gumerlock, K., Leifer, L. edited by NorellBergendahl, M., Grimheden, M., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Stanford's ME310 Course as anEvolution of Engineering Design. Carleton, T., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Introducing a “Ways of Thinking” Framework for Student Engineers Learning to Do Design Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Why a universal design project outcome performance measurement metric is needed – a discussion based on empirical research Skogstad, P., Steinert, M., Gumerlock, K., Leifer, L. edited by Norell-Bergendahl, M., Grimheden, M. 2009
  • SpiderWebbing: A Paradigm for Engineering Design Conversations duringConcept Generation. Mabogunje, A., Eris, O., Sonalkar, N., Jung, N., Leifer, L. edited by McDonnell, J., Lloyd, P. 2009
  • Work in progress-student representations and conceptions of design and engineering. Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Analysis ofvirtual design collaboration with team communication networks Uflacker, M., Skogstad, P., Zeier, A., Leifer, L. 2009
  • We needa universal design project outcome performance measurement metric: adiscussion based on empirical research. Skogstad, P., Steinert, M., Gumerlock, K., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Hidden in Plain Sight: Affordances of Shared Models in Team Based Design Edelman, Antonio, J., Leifer, L., Banerjee, B., Sonalkar, N., Jung, M. 2009
  • Classifying Student Engineering Design ProjectTypes Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Work In Progress – Student Representations and Conceptions of Design and Engineering Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Prototyping to Learn: Characterizing Student Prototyping Activities Lande, M., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Analysis of Virtual Design Collaboration with Team Communication Networks Uflacker, M., Skogstad, P., Zeier, A., Leifer, L. 2009
  • Classifying Student Engineering Design Project Types Lande, M., Leifer, L., J. 2009
  • Stanford ME310 course as an evolution of engineering design. Carleton, T., Leifer, L. 2009
  • An experiment in design pedagogy transfer across cultures and disciplines Skogstad, P. L., Currano, R. M., Leifer, L. J. TEMPUS PUBLICATIONS. 2008: 367-376
  • Product Design and Intentional Emergence Facilitated by Serious Play Mabogunje, A., Hansen, P., Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2008
  • An exploratory study of ambiguity for creative problem solving. Carleton, T., Cockayne, W., Leifer, L. 2008
  • Powerbrowsing – A Method to Accelerate Designers’ Familiarity with Video Information in Digital Libraries Sonalkar, N., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L., Eris, O., Jung, M. 2007
  • A Mediation Moderation Framework for Knowledge Coaching of Digital Libraries Jung, M., Mabogunje, A., Sonalkar, N., Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2007
  • Scholarship of impact Lande, M., Adams, R., S., Chen, H., L., Currano, R., Leifer, L., J. 2007
  • Design, Design, and Design:An Overview of Stanford's Center for Design Research. Ju, W., Neeley, L., Leifer, L. 2007
  • An Experiment in Design Pedagogy Transfer Across Cultures and Disciplines Skogstad, P., Currano, R., Leifer, L. 2007
  • A Reflective Approach to Learning in a Global Design Project Wodehouse, A., Breslin, C., Eris, O., Grierson, H., Ion, B., Jung, M., Leifer, L. J. 2007
  • A model for building and sustaining communities of engineering education research scholars Adams, R., S., Allendoerfer, C., Bell, P., Chen, H., Fleming, L., Leifer, L. 2006
  • SWING - Simulation, Workshops, Interactive eNvironments and Gaming: An Integrated Approach to Improve Learning, Design, and Strategic Decision Making Mabogunje, A., Hansen, P., Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2006
  • Using wikis and weblogs to support reflective learning in an introductoryengineering design course. Chen, H., Cannon, D., Gabrio, J., Leifer, L., Toye, G., Bailey, T. 2005
  • Design for well-being: Innovations for people Larsson, A., Larsson, T., Leifer, L., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Feland, J. 2005
  • Center for Design Research at Stanford University Leifer, L. edited by Clarkson, P., John, Claudia, E. 2005
  • Innovation Scenarios: Generating a Structure for a Toolkit Hansen, P., Bessant, J., Eris, O., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 2005
  • Pair Programming: When and Why it Works Chong, J., Plummer, R., Leifer, L., Klemmer, S., Eris, O., Toye, G. 2005
  • Using Wikis and Weblogs to Support Reflective Learning in an Introductory Engineering Design Course Chen, H., L., Cannon, D., Gabrio, J., Leifer, L., Toye, G., Bailey, T. 2005
  • Toward a Theory of Distributed Interdisciplinary Project-based Design Education Eris, O., Holliger, C., Leifer, L. 2005
  • An Exploration of Design Information Capture and Reuse in Textand Video Media Eris, O., Mabogunje, A., Jung, M., Leifer, L., Khandelwal, S., Hutterer, P. 2005
  • An Exploration of Design Information Capture and Reuse in Text and Video Media Eris, O., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L., Jung, M., Khandelwal, S., Neeley, L. 2005
  • Comprehensive design engineering: Designers taking responsibility Feland, J. M., Leifer, L. J., Cockayne, W. R. TEMPUS PUBLICATIONS. 2004: 416-423
  • Project-based learning for experimental design research Ju, W., Oehlberg, L., Leifer, L. 2004
  • What do designers really need? – an Explorative Experiment Before Developing Teaching Tools and Methods Hutterer, P., Eris, O., Jung, M., Leifer, L., Lindemann, U., Mabogunje, A. 2004
  • Distributed Team Innovation: A Framework for Distributed ProductDevelopment Larsson, A., Torlind, P., Karlsson, L., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L., Larsson, T. 2003
  • Facilitating product development knowledge acquisition: Interaction between the expert and the team Eris, O., Leifer, L. TEMPUS PUBLICATIONS. 2003: 142-152
  • The iLoft Project: A Technologically Advanced Collaborative Design Workspace as Research Instrument Leifer, L., Milne, A., Winograd, T. 2003
  • Facilitating Product Development Knowledge Acquisition: Interaction Between The Expert and The Team Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2002
  • Measuring the performance of online distributed team innovation (learning) services. Leifer, L., Culpepper, W., Cannon, D., Eris, O., Liang, T., Bell, D. 2002
  • Measuring the Performance of Online Distributed Team Innovation (learning) Services Leifer, L., Culpepper, J., Ju, W., Cannon, D., Eris, O., Liang, T. 2002
  • Accelerating Product Innovation: engineering peer-to-peer collaboration service adoption studies and metrics Leifer, L., Eris, O., Culpepper, J., Mabogunje, A. 2002
  • Building the Design Observatory: a core instrument for design research. Carrizosa, K., Eris, O., Mabogunje, A., Mine, A., Leifer, L. 2002
  • Requirement volatility metrics as an assessment instrument for design team performance prediction Feland, J. M., Leifer, L. J. TEMPUS PUBLICATIONS. 2001: 489-492
  • Product-based learning in an overseas study program: The ME110K course Cannon, D. M., Leifer, L. J. TEMPUS PUBLICATIONS. 2001: 410-415
  • Towards a Science of Engineering Design Teams Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 2001
  • Mapping Experience: learning from the experience of peers through socio-technical interactions Liang, T., Bell, D., G., Leifer, L. 2001
  • Unobtrusive Vital Signs Monitoring from a Multi-sensor Bed Sheet Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Kobayashi, H., Liu, G., Tai, Y., Y., Ford, J., S. 2001
  • The Product Development Process Ontology: Creating a Learning Research Community. Hansen, K., P., Mabogunje, A., Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2001
  • Developing Spaces for Design: The Implications of Collaboration Modalities and Attention Focus during Distributed Engineering Design Activity. Milne, A., Leifer, L. 2001
  • Designing a robotic stroke therapy device to motivate use of the impaired limb Johnson, M., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Burgar, C., G., Shor, P., Leifer, L., J. 2001
  • The Effect of Robotic-Aided Therapy on Upper Extremity Joint Range of Motion and Pain Shor, P., C., Lum, P., S., Burgar, C., G., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Majmundar, M. 2001
  • Incorporating Incentives into Design Documentation Tools Lloyd, T., Leifer, L. 2001
  • A Statistical Study of How Differing Levels of Diversity Affect the Performance of Design Teams. Carrillo, A., G. 2001
  • Facilitating Product Development Knowledge Acquisition: Interaction Between The Expert and The Team. Proceedings of the 3rd Social Dimensions of Engineering Design Eris, O., Leifer, L. 2001
  • Construction of social relationships between user and robot Wagner, J. J., Van der Loos, H. F., Leifer, L. J. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 2000: 185-191
  • Learning from experience of peers: an empirical study of knowledge sharing in a product design community Liang, T., Leifer, L. 2000
  • Project Memory Capture in Globally Distributed Facility Design Leifer, L., Reiner, K., Fruchter, R. 2000
  • Learning from Peer Experience through Participation in Meaningful Work Leifer, L., Liang, T., Bell, D., G. 2000
  • Information Handling and Social Interaction of Multi-Disciplinary Design Teams in Conceptual Design: A Classification Scheme Developed from Observed Activity Patterns Milne, A., Leifer, L. 2000
  • Learning from Peer Experience through Participation in Meaningful Work. Leifer, L., Liang, T., Bell, D. 2000
  • Capturing Multimodal Design Activities in Support of Information Retrieval and Process Analysis Leifer, L., Yen, S. 2000
  • Force cues applied during simulated driving can motivate paretic upper limb use. Johnson, M., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Burgar, C., G., Leifer, L., J. 2000
  • Paretic Limb Performance of Hemiparetic Subjects Using a Split-Wheel Car Steering Simulator for Upper Limb Therapy Johnson, M., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Burgar, C., G., Shor, P., Leifer, L., J. 2000
  • Control Strategies for Driver's SEAT: Simulation Environment for Arm Therapy Johnson, M., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Burgar, C., G., Shor, P., Leifer, L., J. 2000
  • Control strategies for a split-wheel car-steering simulator for upper limb stroke therapy. Johnson, M., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Burgar, C., G., Shor, P., Leifer, L., J. 2000
  • RECALL in Action Fruchter, R., Yen, S. edited by Fruchter, R., Roddis, K., Pena-Mora, F. 2000
  • Cultivating the Growth of Complex Systems Using Emergent Behaviours of Engineering Processes Byler, E. 2000
  • Analyzing the Activity of Multidisciplinary Design Teams in the Early Stages of Conceptual Design: Method and Measures. Leifer, L., Milne, Andrew, J. 2000
  • Re-use or Re-invent?: understanding and supporting learning from experience of peers in a product development community Liang, T., Leifer, L. 2000
  • KISS: Knowledge and Information Slider System Leifer, L., Fruchter, R., Reiner, K., Yen, S., Retik, A. 2000
  • Facilitating Tacit Knowledge Capture and Reuse in Conceptual Design Activities Yen, S., Fruchter, R., Leifer, L. 1999
  • User testing and design iteration of the ProVAR user interface Wagner, J., J., Wickizer, M., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • Needs Assessment and Evaluation of a Web-Based Information System for Self-Initiated Biomedical Education Tsai, M., C., Miller, S., J., Leifer, L., J., Yock, P., Melmon, K., L. 1999
  • Design of a Computer-Mediated Environment to Capture and Evaluate Knowledge Transfer and Learning: A case study in a large higher education class Yen, S., Wood, B., Nash, J., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • ProVAR rehabilitation robot system architecture Van der Loos, H., Wanger, J., Smaby, N., Chang, K., Madriga1, O., Leifer, L. 1999
  • Driver's SEAT: Simulation Environment for Arm Therapy. Johnson, M., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Burgar, C., G., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • The Ecology of Innovation in Engineering Design. Milne, A., Leifer, L. 1999
  • Design of a low-impact pushrim Leifer, L., Richter, W., Axelson, P., Smith, J. 1999
  • New dimensions in internet-based design capture and reuse. Liang, T., Cannon, D., Feland, J., Mabogunje, A., Yen, S., Yang, M., Leifer, L. J. 1999
  • User evaluations of three low-impact pushrim designs Leifer, L., Richter, W., vanRoosmalen, L., Chesney, D., Axelson, P. 1999
  • Shaping the Future of Technology-Augmented Learning Environments: Report on a Planning Charrette at Stanford University Leifer, L., Milne, A., Saunders, M. 1999
  • Product-Based Learning in an Overseas Study Program: The ME110K Course Cannon, D., M., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • Principles of Design for Sustainable Technology-Augmented Learning Environments Leifer, L., Milne, A., Kerns, C. 1999
  • New Dimensions in Internet-Based Design Capture and Reuse Liang, T., Cannon, D., M. 1999
  • Issues on Deployment of Socio-technical Systems in Engineering Design Communities Leifer, L., Liang, T., Beskow, C. 1999
  • Capture and Analysis of Concept Generation and Development in Informal Media Yen, S., Fruchter, R., Leifer, L. 1999
  • User testing and design iteration of the ProVAR user interface. Wagner, J., J., Wickizer, M., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • ProVAR assistive robot interface Wagner, J., Smaby, N., Chang, K., Van der Loos, H., Burgar, C., Leifer, L. 1999
  • Towards a Theory of Engineering Requirements Definition Eodice, M., Fruchter, R., Leifer, L. 1999
  • The Place of Design Research in the World of Contemporary Philosophical Thought, and Vice-Versa: An Illustrative Example Cannon, D., M., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • ProVAR Assistive Robot System Architecture Van der Loos, H., Wanger, J., Smaby, N., Chang, K., Madriga1, O., Leifer, L. 1999
  • Mechanical efficiency of low-impact pushrims Leifer, L., Richter, W., Chesney, D., Axelson, P. 1999
  • Toward a Pragmatic ontology for Product Development Projects in Small Teams Eris, O., Hansen, K., P., H., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L., J. 1999
  • Reality brings excitement to engineering education Leifer, L., Sheppard, S. CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS. 1998: 83-86
  • ME110K: An exploratory course in cross-cultural, project-based design education Cannon, D., M., Leifer, L., J. 1998
  • Cooperative Medical Decision Making and Learning by the Sharing of Web-based Electronic Notebooks and Logs, Tsai, M., C., Dev, P., Leifer, L., J., Melmon, K., L. 1998
  • Dual-agent user interface for an assistive robot Wagner, J., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1998
  • Dual-character based user interface design for an assistive robot Wagner, J., J., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1998
  • Adaptive motion generation with exploring behavior for service robots Ota, J., Van der Loos, H., Leifer, L. 1998
  • Augmenting a Design Capture and Reuse System Based on Direct Observations of Usage Liang, T., Cannon, D., Leifer, L. 1998
  • Design team performance: Metrics and the impact oftechnology. Leifer, L. edited by C., S., a., Brown, S. 1998
  • Assessment of Technology-Assisted Learning in Higher Education: it requires new thinking by Universities & Colleges Sheppard, S., Reamon, D., Friedlander, L., Kerns, C., Leifer, L., Marincovich, M. 1998
  • Instrumenting the Collaborative-Learning Environment from pragmatic results to philosophical foundations Leifer, L., Toye, G. 1998
  • Product-Based-Learning @ Stanford University: design requirements for pragmatic results Leifer, L. 1998
  • Design Team Performance: Metrics and the impact of Technology Leifer, L., J. edited by Brown, S., M., Seidner, C. 1998
  • A model for peer and student involvement in course assessment Sheppard, S., Johnson, M., Leifer, L. I E E E. 1997: 193-200
  • VIPRR: A virtually in person rehabilitation robot Leifer, L., J., Stepper, S., Schaeter, M., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. 1997
  • Instrumentation and Metrics for collaborative Team-Design: predicting collorative team performance Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 1997
  • Reality Brings Excitement to Engineering Design Education Sheppard, S., Leifer, L. 1997
  • Designing High Performance Design Teams Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 1997
  • Using Noun Phrases to Monitor the Design Process Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 1997
  • The Stanford Learning Laboratory: a prospectus Leifer, L. 1997
  • Simulating Design Coordination: the Stanford-Aalborg empirical studies part(1) Hansen, K., P., H., Mabogunje, A., Larsen, J., Leifer, L. 1997
  • A Model for Peer and Student Involvement in Design Course Assessment Sheppard, S., Johnson, M., Leifer, L. 1997
  • The Effects on Electronic Documentation Tools on the Design Process Feland, J., Leifer, L. 1997
  • Moving the Internet into the Design Media Mix Cannon, D., M., Leifer, L. 1997
  • Tele-service-robot: Integrating the socio-technical framework of human service through the InterNet-World-Wide-Web Leifer, L., Toye, G., VANDERLOOS, M. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1996: 117-126
  • Engineering design notebook for sharing and reuse Hong, J., Toye, G., Leifer, L. J. ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. 1996: 27-35
  • 210-NP: Measuring the mechanical engineering design process Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. J. IEEE. 1996: 1322-1328
  • Collaborative Mechatronic Systems Design Toye, G., Fruchter, R., Reinger, K., Leifer, L. 1996
  • 210-NP: Measuring the Mechanical Engineering Design Process Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. 1996
  • Visionmanager: A computer environment for design evolution capture Fruchter, R., Reiner, K., Leifer, L., Toye, G. KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBL. 1996: 505-524
  • Using the WWW to support project-team formation Hong, J., Leifer, L. I E E E. 1995: 303-307
  • Evaluating Product-Based-Learning Education Leifer, L. 1995
  • ME210-VDT: A Managerial Framework for Measuring and Improving Design Process Performance Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L., J., Levitt, R., E., Baudin, C. 1995
  • A Hypertext Design Notebook Hong, J., Leifer, L. 1995
  • Rewarding the Curious Engineer Brereton, M., Leifter, L. 1995
  • Firmware Design Capture Leifer, L., Viste, M., J., Cannon, D., M. 1995
  • The Design and Use of History List Systems for Rehabilitation Robots: Enhancing Safety and Performance through Activity Recording and Analysis Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L. 1995
  • Tele-Service-Robot: integrating the socio-technical framework of human service through the InterNet-World-Wide-Web Leifer, L., Toye, G., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. 1995
  • Using the WWW to Support Project-Team Formation Hong, J., Leifer, L. 1995
  • Personal Electronic Notebook with Sharing Hong, J., Toye, G., Leifer, L. 1995
  • Collaborative Mechatronic System Design Fruchter, R., Reiner, K., Toye, G., Leifer, L. 1995
  • Learning Fundamental Concepts in the Context of Hardware Design Brereton, M., F., Leifter, L., J. 1995
  • Understanding Design Information Handling Using Time and Design Information Measure Baya, V., Leifter, L., J. 1995
  • How Students Connect Engineering Fundamentals to Synthesis Activities Brereton, M., Sheppard, S., Leifer, L. 1995
  • ME210-VDT: A managerial framework for measuring and improving design process performance. Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L. J., Levitt, R. E., Baudin, C. I E E E. 1995: 448-454
  • Students connecting engineering fundamentals and hardware design: Observations and implications for the design of curriculum and assessment methods Brereton, M., Sheppard, S., Leifer, L. I E E E. 1995: 950-956
  • Creating an Advanced Collaborative Open Resource Network Coyne, R., Finger, Konda, S., Prinz, F., B., Siewiorek, D., P., Subrahmanian, E., Tenenbaum, J., M., Leifer, L. J. 1994
  • DeVAR Transfer from R&D to Vocational and Educational Settings Van der Loos, H., Machiel, F., H., Hammel, J., Leifer, Larry, J. 1994
  • Using the WWW for a Team-Based Engineering Design Class Hong, J., Toye, G., Leifer, L. 1994
  • A Study of Information Handling Behavior of Designers During Conceptual Design Baya, V., Leifter, Larry, J. 1994
  • The Palo Alto VA/Stanford Rehabilitation Robotics Program Van der Loos, H., Machiel, F., H., Hammel, J., Leifer, Larry, J. 1994
  • Development of a Prototype Design Process Recorder Based on Hypergraphs Hirose, A., Cannon, D., Leifer, L. 1994
  • Understanding Information Management in Conceptual Design Baya, V., Leifter, Larry, J. 1994
  • Collaboration in Engineering Design Teams: Mediating Design Progress through Social Interaction Brereton, M., Cannon, D., M., Mabogunje, A., Leifer, L., J. 1994
  • Reconstructing Reality in Engineering Exercises: an experience in design, manufacture and use Brereton, M., F., Cupal, T., Leifer, L., J. 1993
  • QUALITY ASSESSMENT - INSTRUMENTING THE INDEPENDENT PROCESS VARIABLES DURING TEACHING AND LEARNING Leifer, L., GREENO, J., Brereton, M., Linde, C. I E E E. 1993: 343-348
  • SHARE: a Methodology and Environment for Collaborative Product Development Toye, G., Cutkosky, M., Leifer, L., Tenenbaum, J., Glicksman, J. 1993
  • 2-Ten-X: a model and methodology for improving product development performance Mabogunje, A., Baya, V., Brereton, M., Leifer, L. 1993
  • A Graphical Programming Language for Robots Operating in Lightly Structured Environments Lees, D., Leifer, L. 1993
  • Group Engineering Design Practice: the social construction of a technical reality Minneman, S., Leifer, L. 1993
  • Engineering Design Knowledge Recycling in Near-Real-Time Leifer, L., Baya, V., Toye, G., Baudin, C., Gevins-Underwood, J. 1993
  • An Exploration of Engineering Learning Brereton, M., F., Greeno, J., L., Linde, C., Leifer, L., J. 1993
  • Innovative Assessment of Innovative Curricula: video interaction analysis of Synalysis Exercises Brereton, M., Greeno, J., Leifer, L., Lewis, J., Linde, C. 1993
  • 2-TEN-X a model and methodology for improving product development performance. Mabogunje, A., Baya, V., Brereton, M., Leifer, L. 1993
  • An Experimental Study of Design Information Reuse, Baya, V., Baudin, C., Mabogunje, A., Toye, G., Leifer, L. 1992
  • Mapping Design Information Lakin, F., Baya, V., Cannon, D, M., Brereton, M., Toye, G., Leifer, L. 1992
  • RUI: factoring the robot user interface Leifer, L. 1992
  • A Tool and Protocol for Developing Reusable Design Knowledge Leifer, L. 1992
  • Visual Language Programming: for robot command-control in unstructured environments (plenary lecture) Leifer, L., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Lees, D. 1991
  • Instrumenting the Design Process: for real-time text-graphic design process records Leifer, L. 1991
  • Development of a Visual Language for Assistive Robot Command-Control Leifer, L. 1991
  • A Knowledge-based Interface for Design Information Retrieval Leifer, L., Baudin, C., Gevins, J., Mabogunje, A., Baya, V. 1991
  • Telerobotics in Rehabilitation: Barriers to a Virtual Existence Leifer, L., Van der Loos, H., Michalowski, S. 1990
  • Speed and Accuracy for a Telerobotic Human/Machine System: Experiments with a Target-Threshold Control Theory Model for Fitts' Law Cannon, D., M., Leifer, L., J. 1990
  • Field Evaluation of a Robot Workstation for Quadriplegic Office Workers Van der Loos, H., Hammel, J., Lees, D., Chang, D., Perkash, I., Leifer, L. 1990
  • A Voice-Controlled Robot System as a Quadriplegic Programmer’s Assistant Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Hammel, J., M., Schwandt, D., Lees, D., Chang, D., Leifer, L. J. 1990
  • Failure Modes and Effects Recognition in the Tertiary Mirror Assembly Design, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers Toye, G., Leifer, L., J. 1990
  • A Computation Model for a Robotic Arm Instructed by Natural Language Liang, L., Crangle, C., Leifer, L. 1990
  • The Engineering Design Notebook: potential applications in Aircraft Conceptual Design Leifer, L. 1990
  • Design and Evaluation of a Vocational Desktop Robot Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Hammel, J., M., Schwandt, D., Lees, D., Leifer, L., J. 1989
  • The "Talking Glove": a Speaking Aid for Nonvocal Deaf and Deaf-Blind Individuals, Kramer, J., Leifer, L. 1989
  • Observations from an Empirical Study of the Workspace Activity of Design Teams Tang, J., C., Leifer, L., J. 1989
  • Development and Evaluation of Computer-Aided Instruction for Spinal Cord Injury Patients Leifer, L., Lloyd, E., Hammel, J., Holloway, K., Perkash, I. 1989
  • A framework for understanding the workspaceactivity of design teams. Tang, John, C., Leifer, Larry, J. 1988
  • Non-Homogeneous Redundancy Management for Fault Tolerant Robots Toye, G., Leifer, L., J. 1988
  • Clinical Evaluation of a Desktop Robotic Aid for Severely Physically Disabled Individuals Hammel, J., Hall, K., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1988
  • Controlling Dynamic Analysis Using Meta-Level Inference Brown, D., R., Leifter, L., J. 1988
  • An Integrated Development Environment for Calibration Development Engineers Carryer, J., E., Leifer, L., J. 1988
  • An Innovative Alternatives Generator for Force Transducer Conceptual Design Wang, W, H. T., Mittal, S., Leifer, L. 1988
  • Assessing the Impact of Robotic Devices for the Severely Physically Disabled Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Michalowski, S, J., Hammel, J., Leifer, L., J., Stassen, H., G. 1988
  • Development of an Omnidirectional Mobile Vocational Assistant Robot Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Michalowski, S., J., Leifer, L., J. 1988
  • A Third Generation Desktop Robotic Assistant for the Severely Physically Disabled Lees, D., Crigler, B., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., J. 1988
  • The Use of a Voice Recognition System to Command a Rehabilitation Robot Lees, D., S., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Hammel, J., M., Leifer, L. 1988
  • A Framework for Understanding the Workspace Activity of Design Teams Tang, J., Leifer, L. 1988
  • Multi-Resolution Sensing for Interactive Robots Park, H., Leifer, L., J. 1987
  • An Expressive and Receptive Communication Aid for the Deaf, Deaf-Blind and Nonvocal, Kramer, J., Leifer, L. 1987
  • Design, Development and Evaluation of an EVA Prehensor Leifer, L., J., Jameson, J., LeBlanc, M., Wilson, D., Sabelman, E., Schwandt, D. 1987
  • Design of a Second Generation Desk-Top Robotic Aid Lees, D., Crigler, B., Van der Loos, H., Leifer, L., J. 1987
  • Automated Robotics Grasping by Use of Optical Proximity Sensors Lee, H., S., Leifer, L., J. 1987
  • Object Localization Using Multi-resolution Sensing Park, H., Leifer, L., J. 1987
  • The Talking Glove: an expressive and receptive verbal communication aid for the deaf, deaf-blind and nonvocal Kramer, J., Leifer, L. 1987
  • Report on the Stanford/Ames Direct Link Spacesuit Prehensor Jameson, J., W., Leifer, L., J. 1987
  • Evaluation of a Table-Top Robotic Aid for Quadriplegics Hall, K., Glass, K., Hammel, J., Leifer, L., J., Perkash, I. 1987
  • Development of an Advanced Robotic Aid: from Feasibility to Utility Leifer, L., Michalowski, S., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. 1986
  • A Methodological Approach to Studying Group Design Tang, J., Leifer, L. 1986
  • Development of an Advanced Robotic Aid: from Feasibility to Utility, reprinted from the RESNA'86 Conference on Rehabilitation Engineering, to the Interactive Robotic Aids - One Option for Independent Living: an International Perspective Leifer, L., Michalowski, S., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. 1986, 1986
  • Quasi-static Analysis: A Method for Predicting Grasp Stability Jameson, J., Leifer, L. 1986
  • Integrated Sensory Perception for Rehabilitative Robotic Aids Park, H., Leifer, L. 1986
  • Computer Configuration for a Robotic Manipulation Aid Michalowski, S., Leifer, L., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. 1986
  • Quasi-Static Analysis: a Method for Predicting Grasp Stability Jameson, J., W., Leifer, L., J. 1986
  • Rule-Based Derivation for Kinematic Design Brown, D., R., Leifter, L., J., Curran, A. 1986
  • Design of an Omnidirectional Mobile Robot as a Manipulation Aid for the Severely Disabled Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Michalowski, S., Leifer, L. 1986
  • Sensory Feedback in Upper Limb Prostheses: a Robotics Perspective Leifer, L. 1986
  • Design of an Omnidirectional Mobile Robot as a Manipulation Aid for the Severely Disabled Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Michalowski, S., Leifer, L. 1986
  • A Training and Reference Manual for an Interactive Robotic Aid Holloway, K., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Leifer, L., Perkash, I. 1986
  • missing title Buckly, C., E., Leifer, L., J. 1985
  • Factors in the Design and Development of an Interactive Human Robot Workstation Holloway, K., Leifer, L., Van der Loos, H. 1985
  • Interactive Evaluation of Voice Control for a Robotic Aid: Implications for Training and Applications Englhardt, K., Awad, R., Van der Loos, H., Boonzaier, D., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Vocational Applications of a Robotic Aid Holloway, K., Lockard, W., Engelhardt, K., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Evolution of a Vocabulary for Voice Control of a Robotic Aid Wicke, R., W., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Awad, R., Engelhardt, K., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Issues in Evaluation Englhardt, K., Perkash, I., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Evolution of a Vocabulary for Voice Control of a Robotic Aid Wicke, R., Van der Loos, H., Awad, R., Englhrdt, K., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Educating Engineering Students in a Life-Span Approach to Design Holloway, K., Engelhardt, K., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Third Party Reimbursement and the Diffusion of Rehabilitation Technology Awad, R., Engelhardt, K., Rogers, E., M., Leifer, L. 1984
  • Design Issues in the Development of a Robotic Aid for Human Services Leifer, L., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F., Michalowski, S. 1984
  • Sensor Driven Manipulation for the Disabled Leifer, L., Elsasser, U., Michalowski, S. 1984
  • Interactive Evaluation of a Robotic Aid: A New Approach to Assessment Englhardt, K., Awad, R., Perkash, I., Leifer, L. 1984
  • The Role of Sensors in a Robotic Manipulation Aid for the Severely Disabled Leifer, L., Michalowski, S. 1984
  • Sensor Requirements for Rehabilitation Robotics Leifer, L., Wampler, C., Conti, W., Waleska, J., Jameson, J. 1984
  • Diffusion of Innovation in Rehabilitation Technology Awad, R., Engelhardt, K., Rogers, E., M., Leifer, L. 1984
  • MediCal Reimbursement of Rehabilitation Technology Awad, R., Engelhardt, K., Rogers, E., M., Leifer, L. 1984
  • The Development and Implementation of Guidelines for Design Development Proposals Axelson, P., Phillips, L., Leifer, L. 1983
  • Command Control Strategies for Disabled User Access to Remote Manipulation Tools Leifer, L. 1983
  • The IMAGES Project - An Application of High Resolution Real Time Full Color Graphic Simulation to Rehabilitation Leifer, L., Zomlefer, M., La, W., Van der Loos, H., Goodrich, G. 1983
  • Robotics for Rehabilitation Leifer, L. 1983
  • Evaluation of a Speaker-Dependent Voice Recognition Unit as an Input Device for Control of a Robotic Arm Wicke, R., Engelhardt, K., Awad, R., Leifer, L., Van der Loos, H. 1983
  • Development of Interactive Robotics Technology for the Severely Disabled Michalowski, S., Leifer, L. 1983
  • Interactive Robotic Manipulation for the Disabled Leifer, L. 1983
  • Robotics in Rehabilitation - A Review of the Stanford/VA Robotic Aid Leifer, L. 1982
  • Fast Interactive Control of a Manipulator for the Severely Disabled Buckly, C., E., Leifer, L., J. 1982
  • Manipulation Robotics in Rehabilitation, invited paper Leifer, L. 1981
  • Toward Total Mobility - an Omni-Directional Wheelchair La, W., Koogle, T., Jaffe, D., Leifer, L. 1981
  • The Design of a High Technology Assistive Device for Individuals with Severe Manipulation Handicaps, invited paper Leifer, L. 1981
  • A Smart Sensate Hand for Terminal Device Centered Control of a Rehabilitative Manipulator Leifer, L., Sun, R., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. edited by Mow, V., C. 1980
  • A Curriculum for Smart Product Design Leifer, L. 1980
  • The Need for a Smart Sensate Hand in Rehabilitative Robotics Leifer, L., Sun, R., Van der Loos, H., M., H., F. edited by Mow, V., C. 1980
  • Voice Control of a Six-Degree-of-Freedom Manipulator, invited paper Sachs, J., Leifer, L. 1979
  • A Robotic Aid for the Severely Disabled--Microprocessor Controls, invited paper Leifer, L., Sachs, J., Sun, R. 1979
  • Robotic Aids for the Severely Disabled -- Needs Assessment Leifer, L., Roth, B., Perkash, I., Kelley, D., Sachs, J. 1978
  • Robotic Aids or the Severely Disabled -- Feasibility Assessment Leifer, L., Roth, B., Perkash, I., Kelley, D., Sachs, J. 1978
  • A Prosthesis Design for Electrical Stimulation of Hearing Leifer, L., Dillier, N., Fisch, U. 1976
  • Clinical Computer Methods for Identification of Neuromuscular Unit Function, invited paper Leifer, L., Pinelli, A. edited by Arrigo, A. 1976
  • Comparative Continuous Systems Modeling of the Mammalian Muscle Spindle Meles, H., Leifer, L. 1975
  • Acoustic/Electric Stimulation Model for Cochlear Nerve Activation Dillier, N., Kobel, W., Leifer, L. 1975
  • Transfer Function Analysis of Vestibular Neurons and Eye Movements in Response to Vestibular Stimulation Oswald, H., Henn, V., Leifer, L. 1975
  • Postural Mode Description by Correlation Function Measurement Leifer, L., Meyer, M. 1975
  • Fully Automated Single Unit Electromyography Using Pseudo Cross Correlation Leifer, L., Blum, E., Petrig, B., Meyer, M. 1975
  • Computer Aided Differential Nerve Conduction Velocity Measurement Meyer, M., Schlup, M., Cappellaro, C., Leifer, L. 1975
  • Computer Aided Differential Nerve Conduction Velocity Measurement Leifer, L., Cappellaro, C., Schlup, M., Meyer, M. 1975
  • Effects of Varying the Magnitude, Duration, and Speed of Motor Response on the Contingent Negative Variation Otto, D., Leifer, L. 1974
  • The Effect of Modifying Response and Performance Feedback Parameters on the CNV in Humans Otto, D., Leifter, L. 1973
  • Eye Movement Artifact Compensation for Evoked Response Electro-encephalography Leifer, L., Otto, D. 1973
  • Evoked Potential Correlates of a Probability Learning Task -- Behavioral Analysis Leifer, L., Otto, D., Huff, E., Strawbridge, P. 1973
  • Evaluation of Flight Simulation Displays Using Event Related Slow Potentials of the Brain Leifer, L., Buckland, G. 1973
  • A Pilot Study Using the "AP" System for On-Line Computer Assisted Electromyography Leifer, L., Cohen, L. 1973
  • Evoked Potential Correlates of a Probability Learning Task Leifer, L., Hart, S., Otto, D., Huff, E. 1973
  • Computer Driven CRT Displays for Experiment Control and Monitoring Leifer, L. 1972
  • Positive and Negative Slow Potential Changes in the Human Brain Related to Sustained Motor Response Otto, D., Leifer, L. 1972
  • EMG Analysis with a Small Computer On-Line Leifer, L., Cohen, L. 1971
  • Statistical Analysis of Biopotential Measurements Patel, G., Hsu, C., Chan, S., Leifer, L. 1971
  • Display for an Interactive Experiment in Electrophysiological Research Patel, G., Leifer, L., Hsu, C., Chan, S. 1971

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