Bio

Clinical Focus


  • Psychology
  • Psychiatry

Academic Appointments


Professional Education


  • Medical Education:Kent State University (2001) OH
  • Fellowship:Stanford University Medical Center (2003) CA
  • Internship:VA Puget Sound Health Care System (2001) WA

Publications

Journal Articles


  • Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q): Norms for undergraduate women INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EATING DISORDERS Luce, K. H., Crowther, J. H., Pole, M. 2008; 41 (3): 273-276

    Abstract

    This research presents normative data on the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (Fairburn and Beglin, Int J Eat Disorder, 16, 363-370, 1994) (EDE-Q) for samples of undergraduate women in the United States.College women (N = 723), ages 18-25, completed the EDE-Q as part of a larger assessment battery.Average scores, standard deviations, and percentile ranks for the raw Restraint, Eating Concern, Shape Concern, and Weight Concern subscales and the Global score are reported. Data on the occurrence of objective and subjective bulimic episodes and compensatory behaviors are presented.These results are helpful for clinicians and researchers in the interpretation of the EDE-Q scores of undergraduate women in the United States. Comparisons are drawn between the results for this sample and those of a United Kingdom sample of young adolescent females, an Australian community sample, and an Australian community age-matched sample.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/eat.20504

    View details for Web of Science ID 000254114400011

    View details for PubMedID 18213686

  • Randomized, controlled trial of an internet-facilitated intervention for reducing binge eating and overweight in adolescents PEDIATRICS Jones, M., Luce, K. H., Osborne, M. I., Taylor, K., Cunning, D., Doyle, A. C., Wilfley, D. E., Taylor, C. B. 2008; 121 (3): 453-462

    Abstract

    This study examined the efficacy of an Internet-facilitated intervention for weight maintenance and binge eating in adolescents.A total of 105 adolescent male and female high school students at risk for overweight (mean age: 15.1 +/- 1.0 years) were randomly assigned to a 16-week online intervention, StudentBodies2-BED (n = 52), or the wait-list control group (n = 53).Participants in the StudentBodies2-BED group had significantly lower BMI z scores and BMI from baseline assessment to follow-up assessment, compared with the wait-list control group. In addition, significant reductions in objective binge episodes and subjective binge episodes from baseline assessment to posttreatment assessment and from baseline assessment to follow-up assessment were observed among StudentBodies2-BED participants. The StudentBodies2-BED group also reported significantly reduced weight and shape concerns from posttreatment assessment to follow-up assessment and from baseline assessment to follow-up assessment. Participants in the StudentBodies2-BED group who engaged in objective overeating or binge eating episodes at baseline assessment experienced a significantly greater reduction in BMI at follow-up assessment, compared with the wait-list control group.Results suggest that an Internet-facilitated intervention is moderately effective in short-term weight loss and weight maintenance and yields a large reduction in binge eating. This study also demonstrates that weight management and reduction of eating disorder psychopathological features can be achieved simultaneously by using an easily disseminated, Internet-facilitated program.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000253780100001

    View details for PubMedID 18310192

  • Eating disorders and alcohol use: group differences in consumption rates and drinking motives. Eating behaviors Luce, K. H., Engler, P. A., Crowther, J. H. 2007; 8 (2): 177-184

    Abstract

    Alcohol use and drinking motives were investigated among college women divided into four probable eating disorder groups: Bulimia Nervosa, purging subtype (BN n=16) Binge Eating Disorder (BED n=30) Eating Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS n=85) and Non-Eating Disordered Controls (NEDC n=252). Participants completed questionnaires that assessed eating behaviors and attitudes, motives for drinking alcohol, quantity and frequency of alcohol use, and binge drinking. The BED group reported greater weekend alcohol consumption and binge drinking than the EDNOS and NEDC groups. The BN and BED groups were significantly more likely to endorse Coping as a drinking motive than the EDNOS and NEDC groups. The NEDC group was more likely to endorse Mood Enhancement than the EDNOS group. These results offer one explanation for the relationship between eating and alcohol use disorders. Women with eating disorders may use alcohol to cope with negative affect, analogous to findings that women with eating disorders report binge eating to regulate negative affect [Mizes, J. S. (1985). Bulimia: A review of its symptomatology and treatment. Advances in Behavior Research and Therapy, 7, 91-142].

    View details for PubMedID 17336788

  • Use of diet pills and other dieting aids in a college population with high weight and shape concerns INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EATING DISORDERS Celio, C. I., Luce, K. H., Bryson, S. W., Winzelberg, A. J., Cunning, D., Rockwell, R., Doyle, A. A., Wilfley, D. E., Taylor, C. B. 2006; 39 (6): 492-497

    Abstract

    The current study examines diet aid use among college women at risk for eating disorders and explores characteristics associated with diet aid use.Participants were 484 college women<30 years from 6 universities in the San Francisco Bay Area (SF) and San Diego who were at risk for developing eating disorders. A checklist assessed diet pill, fat blocker, diuretic, laxative, and other diet aid use over the past 12 months.Thirty-two percent of the college women reported using a diet aid. Diet aid use was double the rate in San Diego (44%) compared with SF (22%) (p=.000). Weight and shape concerns were higher among diet aid users than among nonusers across sites.A significant number of college women at risk for eating disorders are using diet aids. We recommend that clinicians inquire about diet aid use among college-aged patients.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/eat.20254

    View details for Web of Science ID 000239802500008

    View details for PubMedID 16676350

  • Prevention of eating disorders in at-risk college-age women ARCHIVES OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY Taylor, C. B., Bryson, S., Luce, K. H., Cunning, D., Doyle, A. C., Abascal, L. B., Rockwell, R., Dev, P., Winzelberg, A. J., Wilfley, D. E. 2006; 63 (8): 881-888

    Abstract

    Eating disorders, an important health problem among college-age women, may be preventable, given that modifiable risk factors for eating disorders have been identified and interventions have been evaluated to reduce these risk factors.To determine if an Internet-based psychosocial intervention can prevent the onset of eating disorders (EDs) in young women at risk for developing EDs.San Diego and the San Francisco Bay Area in California.College-age women with high weight and shape concerns were recruited via campus e-mails, posters, and mass media. Six hundred thirty-seven eligible participants were identified, of whom 157 were excluded, for a total sample of 480. Recruitment occurred between November 13, 2000, and October 10, 2003. Intervention A randomized controlled trial of an 8-week, Internet-based cognitive-behavioral intervention (Student Bodies) that included a moderated online discussion group. Participants were studied for up to 3 years.The main outcome measure was time to onset of a subclinical or clinical ED. Secondary measures included change in scores on the Weight Concerns Scale, Global Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, and Eating Disorder Inventory drive for thinness and bulimia subscales and depressed mood. Moderators of outcome were examined.There was a significant reduction in Weight Concerns Scale scores in the Student Bodies intervention group compared with the control group at postintervention (P < .001), 1 year (P < .001), and 2 years (P < .001). The slope for reducing Weight Concerns Scale score was significantly greater in the treatment compared with the control group (P = .02). Over the course of follow-up, 43 participants developed subclinical or clinical EDs. While there was no overall significant difference in onset of EDs between the intervention and control groups, the intervention significantly reduced the onset of EDs in 2 subgroups identified through moderator analyses: (1) participants with an elevated body mass index (BMI) (> or =25, calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) at baseline and (2) at 1 site, participants with baseline compensatory behaviors (eg, self-induced vomiting, laxative use, diuretic use, diet pill use, driven exercise). No intervention participant with an elevated baseline BMI developed an ED, while the rates of onset of ED in the comparable BMI control group (based on survival analysis) were 4.7% at 1 year and 11.9% at 2 years. In the subgroup with a BMI of 25 or higher, the cumulative survival incidence was significantly lower at 2 years for the intervention compared with the control group (95% confidence interval, 0% for intervention group; 2.7% to 21.1% for control group). For the San Francisco Bay Area site sample with baseline compensatory behaviors, 4% of participants in the intervention group developed EDs at 1 year and 14.4%, by 2 years. Rates for the comparable control group were 16% and 30.4%, respectively.Among college-age women with high weight and shape concerns, an 8-week, Internet-based cognitive-behavioral intervention can significantly reduce weight and shape concerns for up to 2 years and decrease risk for the onset of EDs, at least in some high-risk groups. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show that EDs can be prevented in high-risk groups.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000239573200006

    View details for PubMedID 16894064

  • The adverse effect of negative comments about weight and shape from family and siblings on women at high risk for eating disorders PEDIATRICS Taylor, C. B., Bryson, S., Doyle, A. A., Luce, K. H., Cunning, D., Abascal, L. B., Rockwell, R., Field, A. E., Striegel-Moore, R., Winzelberg, A. J., Wilfley, D. E. 2006; 118 (2): 731-738

    Abstract

    Our purpose with this work was to examine the relationship between negative comments about weight, shape, and eating and social adjustment, social support, self-esteem, and perceived childhood abuse and neglect.A retrospective study was conducted with 455 college women with high weight and shape concerns, who participated in an Internet-based eating disorder prevention program. Baseline assessments included: perceived family negative comments about weight, shape, and eating; social adjustment; social support; self-esteem; and childhood abuse and neglect. Participants identified 1 of 7 figures representing their maximum body size before age 18 and parental maximum body size.More than 80% of the sample reported some parental or sibling negative comments about their weight and shape or eating. Parental and sibling negative comments were positively associated with maximum childhood body size, larger reported paternal body size, and minority status. On subscales of emotional abuse and neglect, most participants scored above the median, and nearly one third scored above the 90th percentile. In a multivariate analysis, greater parental negative comments were directly related to higher reported emotional abuse and neglect. Maximum body size was also related to emotional neglect. Parental negative comments were associated with lower reported social support by family and lower self-esteem.In college women with high weight and shape concerns, retrospective reports of negative comments about weight, shape, and eating were associated with higher scores on subscales of emotional abuse and neglect. This study provides additional evidence that family criticism results in long-lasting, negative effects.

    View details for DOI 10.1542/peds.2005-1806

    View details for Web of Science ID 000239440600038

    View details for PubMedID 16882830

  • Application of an algorithm-driven protocol to simultaneously provide universal and targeted prevention programs INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EATING DISORDERS Luce, K. H., Osborne, M. I., Winzelberg, A. J., Das, S., Abascal, L. B., Celio, A. A., Wilfley, D. E., Stevenson, D., Dev, P., Taylor, C. B. 2005; 37 (3): 220-226

    Abstract

    Our objective was to develop a model to simultaneously prevent eating disorders and weight gain among female high school students.Of 188 female 10th graders enrolled in health classes, 174 elected to participate in the current study. They were assessed on-line and decided to participate in one of four interventions appropriate to their risk.The algorithm identified 111 no-risk (NR), 36 eating disorder risk (EDR), 16 overweight risk (OR), and 5 both risks. Fifty-six percent of the EDR and 50% of the OR groups elected to receive the recommended targeted curricula. Significant improvements in weight and shape concerns were observed in all groups.An Internet-delivered program can be used to assess risk and provide simultaneous universal and targeted interventions in classroom settings.

    View details for DOI 10.1002/eat.20089

    View details for Web of Science ID 000228875900005

    View details for PubMedID 15822091

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