Doctor of Medicine, Kyoto Prefectural Univ Of Medicine (1999)
Doctor of Philosophy, Kyoto Prefectural Univ Of Medicine (2010)
Jeffrey Axelrod, Postdoctoral Faculty Sponsor
Ciliogenesis is regulated by context-dependent cellular cues, including some transduced through appendage-like structures on ciliary basal bodies called transition fibers and basal feet. However, the molecular basis for this regulation is not fully understood. The Odf2 gene product, ODF2/cenexin, is essential for both ciliogenesis and the formation of the distal and subdistal appendages on centrioles, which become basal bodies. We examined the effects of Odf2 deletion constructs on ciliogenesis in Odf2-knockout F9 cells. Electron microscopy revealed that ciliogenesis and transition fiber formation required the ODF2/cenexin fragment containing amino acids (aa) 188-806, whereas basal foot formation required aa 1-59 and 188-806. These sequences also formed distal and subdistal appendages, respectively, indicating that the centriole appendages are molecularly analogous to those on basal bodies. We used the differential formation of appendages by Odf2 deletion constructs to study the incorporation and function of molecules associated with each appendage type. We found that transition fibers and distal appendages were required for ciliogenesis and subdistal appendages stabilized the centrosomal microtubules.
View details for DOI 10.1083/jcb.201303071
View details for Web of Science ID 000326912300007
View details for PubMedID 24189274
Coordinated beating of cilia in the trachea generates a directional flow of mucus required to clear the airways. Each cilium originates from a barrel-shaped basal body, from the side of which protrudes a structure known as the basal foot. We generated mice in which exons 6 and 7 of Odf2, encoding a basal body and centrosome-associated protein Odf2/cenexin, are disrupted. Although Odf2(ΔEx6,7/ΔEx6,7) mice form cilia, ciliary beating is uncoordinated, and the mice display a coughing/sneezing phenotype. Whereas residual expression of the C-terminal region of Odf2 in these mice is sufficient for ciliogenesis, the resulting basal bodies lack basal feet. Loss of basal feet in ciliated epithelia disrupted the polarized organization of apical microtubule lattice without affecting planar cell polarity. The requirement for Odf2 in basal foot formation, therefore, reveals a crucial role of this structure in the polarized alignment of basal bodies and coordinated ciliary beating.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.cell.2011.10.052
View details for Web of Science ID 000299540700024
View details for PubMedID 22265411