Honors & Awards

  • Inducted Member, Sigma Xi (2005)
  • Honors B.S., Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, School of Biological Sciences, University of California Irvine
  • Joseph H. Stephens Memorial Price for Outstanding Research in Biochemistry Molecular Biology, Joseph H. Stephens Memorial Fund, University of California Irvine (2005)
  • Excellence in Research Award, School of Biological Sciences, University of California Irvine (2005)
  • NIH Academy Fellow, National Institutes of Health (2005-2007)
  • Mackenzie Scholarship, Stanford University School of Medicine (2012-2014)
  • Alan and Ruth Borenstein Scholarship, Stanford University School of Medicine (2012-2014)
  • Extraordinary Volunteer and Community Service Award, Latino Medical Student Association, University of California Irvine (2003)
  • Hispanic Scholarship Award, Hispanic Scholarship Foundation (2002-2003)
  • Edison Scholar Award, Southern California Edison (2002-2004)

Professional Affiliations and Activities

  • Member, American Society of Anesthesiologists (2013 - Present)
  • Stanford chapter, Representative, Latino Medical Student Association (LMSA) (2010 - Present)
  • Member, American Chemical Society (2006 - Present)
  • Inducted Member, Sigma Xi (2005 - Present)

Membership Organizations

  • SUMMA: Stanford University Minority Medical Alliance, Volunteer, Workshops Facilitator, and premedical recruiter/ Stanford Med representative
  • Screen Team, Health Provider
  • Arbor Free Clinic, Health Provider
  • Medical Spanish Initiative, Language Skills Facilitator
  • OIH: Organization of International Health, Member
  • SIG: Surgery Interest Group, Memer
  • EMIG: Emergency Medicine Interest Group, member

Education & Certifications

  • Bachelor of Science, University of California Irvine, Biochemistry & Molecular Bio (2005)

Service, Volunteer and Community Work

  • Clinical Student and Health Provider, Arbor Free Clinic, Stanford (September 1, 2009 - Present)


    Palo Alto, CA.

  • Workshop Facilitator and Undergraduate Mentor, SUMMA, Stanford University School of Medicine




Work Experience

  • Research Assistant- Social and Behavioral Research Branch, NHGRI, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH (10/6/2007 - 3/30/2009)


    Bethesda MD

  • NIH Academy Fellow- Laboratory of Viral Diseases, NIAID, National Institutes of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, NIH (August 6, 2005 - September 30, 2007)


    Bethesda MD

  • Malaria Research Institute Intern- Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University


    Baltimore, MD

  • Mexican National Cancer Institute Intern- Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Minority International Research Training Program (MIRT)- UC Irvine (June 6, 2003 - September 15, 2003)


    Mexico City, MX


All Publications

  • Functional characterization of the promoter of the vitellogenin gene, AsVg1, of the malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi INSECT BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY Nirmala, X., Marinotti, O., Sandoval, J. M., Phin, S., Gakhar, S., Jasinskiene, N., James, A. A. 2006; 36 (9): 694-700


    Some genetic strategies for controlling transmission of mosquito-borne diseases call for the introgression of antipathogen effector genes into vector populations. Endogenous mosquito promoter and other cis-acting DNA sequences are needed to direct the expression of the effector molecules to maximize their efficacy. Vitellogenin (Vg)-encoding gene control sequences are candidates for driving tissue-, stage- and sex-specific expression of exogenous genes. One of the Anopheles stephensi Vg genes, AsVg1, was cloned and a full-length cDNA, as well as 850 base pairs adjacent to the 5'-end, were sequenced and characterized. Expression of AsVg1 is restricted to the fat body tissues of blood-fed females, and the amino acid sequence of the conceptual translation product is >85% identical to those of other anopheline Vgs. These characteristics support the conclusion that AsVg1 is a Vg-encoding gene. Functional analyses of the AsVg1 putative cis-regulatory sequences were performed using transgenic mosquitoes. The results showed that DNA fragments encompassing the 850 base pairs immediately adjacent to the 5'-end of the gene and the 3'-end untranslated region are sufficient to direct sex-, stage- and tissue-specific expression of a reporter gene. These data indicate that the AsVg1 promoter is a good candidate for controlling the expression of anti-pathogen effector molecules in this malaria vector mosquito.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ibmb.2006.05.011

    View details for Web of Science ID 000240783300002

    View details for PubMedID 16935218

  • Age-Related Differences in Biomedical and Folk Beliefs as Causes for Diabetes and Heart Disease Among Mexican Origin Adults JOURNAL OF IMMIGRANT AND MINORITY HEALTH Palmquist, A. E., Wilkinson, A. V., Sandoval, J., Koehly, L. M. 2012; 14 (4): 596-601


    An understanding of health beliefs is key to creating culturally appropriate health services for Hispanic populations in the US. In this study we explore age-based variations in causal beliefs for heart disease and diabetes among Mexican origin adults in Houston, TX. This cross-sectional study included 497 adults of Mexican origin. Participants were asked to indicate the importance of biomedically defined and folk illness-related risk factors as causes for heart disease and diabetes. Biomedical risk factors were ranked highest as causes of diabetes and heart disease among all participants. Folk illness-related factors were ranked below biomedical factors as causes of heart disease among all age groups. Susto was ranked above the median as a risk factor for diabetes among older participants. Age-related differences in causal beliefs may have implications for designing culturally appropriate health services, such as tailored diabetes interventions for older Mexican origin adults.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s10903-011-9522-1

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305913600010

    View details for PubMedID 21909985

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