Dr. Jennifer A. Newberry is a Clinical Assistant Professor at Stanford University. She earned her law degree and medical degree from the University of Chicago. After graduating from residency at Stanford, she completed a fellowship in Social Emergency Medicine and Population Health. Dr. Newberry’s interest in social justice and popluation health led to her current work in global health and emergency medicine. She is currently the Research Director for Stanford Emergency Medicine International (SEMI). Dr. Newberry runs the Online Medical Research program, a collaboration between SEMI and the largest ambulance service in the world (GVK EMRI), collecting data across nine states on the epidemiology of emergency medical complaints in the prehospital setting. Dr. Newberry’s current research seeks to understand how to strengthen crisis support systems in developing countries for women experiencing gender-based violence and/or other medical emergencies.

Clinical Focus

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Gender-based violence
  • Gender disparities in emergency care and outcomes

Academic Appointments

Administrative Appointments

  • Co-Medical Director, Peninsula Family Advocacy Program, A Medical Legal Partnership (2014 - 2017)

Honors & Awards

  • Fellow, American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP) (10/2016-present)
  • Stanford Health Care Innovation Challenge Program Grant, Spectrum (1/2015-1/2016)
  • KL2 Mentored Career Development Award, Spectrum (7/1/2016)

Boards, Advisory Committees, Professional Organizations

  • Member, Expert Panel on Population Health in Medical Education, Association of American Medical Colleges (2015 - 2016)
  • Member, Medical-Legal Partnership Bay Area Coalition (2013 - 2017)
  • Advisory Board Member, Peninsula Family Advocacy Program (2013 - 2016)
  • Fellow, Center for Innovation in Global Health (2015 - Present)
  • Member, Bay Area Regional Help Desk Consortium (2013 - 2015)
  • Member, American Academy of Emergency Medicine (2010 - Present)
  • Member, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (2010 - Present)
  • Member, American College of Emergency Physicians (2009 - Present)

Professional Education

  • MSc, Stanford University, Epidemiology and Clinical Research (2018)
  • Board Certification: Emergency Medicine, American Board of Emergency Medicine (2014)
  • Fellow, Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Surgery, Stanford School of Medicine, Social Emergency Medicine and Population Health (2014)
  • Residency:Stanford University Medical Center (2013) CA
  • Medical Education:Pritzker School of Medicine University of Chicago Registrar (2010) IL
  • JD, University of Chicago Law School, Law (2008)

Research & Scholarship

Current Research and Scholarly Interests

Interests include global emergency medicine research, emergency obstetric and neonatal care in low- and middle-income countries, gender-based violence, and the intersection of emergency medicine, social justice, and development goals.


  • Online Medical Research Program

    Analysis of prospectively collected real-time data from EMS runs to identify epidemiology of emergency medical conditions and care in the prehospital setting.



  • Utilization of a Novel Emergency Response Service for Gender-Based Violence in Gujarat, India

    1) Retrospective analysis of a women's helpline using traditional qualitative methods and AI; 2) In-depth interviews with helpline users to understand help seeking choices, service expectations, and needs



  • Pediatric Utilization of EMS in India

    Analysis of a transport of pediatric patients across several states in India from 2013-2015




2018-19 Courses


All Publications

  • Comparing Teaching Methods in Resource-Limited Countries. AEM education and training Mahadevan, S. V., Walker, R., Kalanzi, J., Stone, L. T., Bills, C., Acker, P., Apfeld, J. C., Newberry, J., Becker, J., Mantha, A., Tecklenburg Strehlow, A. N., Strehlow, M. C. 2018; 2 (3): 238

    View details for PubMedID 30051096

  • Reducing early infant mortality in India: results of a prospective cohort of pregnant women using emergency medical services BMJ OPEN Bills, C. B., Newberry, J. A., Darmstadt, G., Pirrotta, E. A., Rao, G., Mahadevan, S. V., Strehlow, M. C. 2018; 8 (4): e019937


    To describe the demographic characteristics and clinical outcomes of neonates born within 7 days of public ambulance transport to hospitals across five states in India.Prospective observational study.Five Indian states using a centralised emergency medical services (EMS) agency that transported 3.1 million pregnant women in 2014.Over 6 weeks in 2014, this study followed a convenience sample of 1431 neonates born to women using a public-private ambulance service for a 'pregnancy-related' problem. Initial calls were deemed 'pregnancy related' if categorised by EMS dispatchers as 'pregnancy', 'childbirth', 'miscarriage' or 'labour pains'. Interfacility transfers, patients absent on ambulance arrival, refusal of care and neonates born to women beyond 7 days of using the service were excluded.death at 2, 7 and 42 days after delivery.Among 1684 women, 1411 gave birth to 1431 newborns within 7 days of initial ambulance transport. Median maternal age at delivery was 23 years (IQR 21-25). Most mothers were from rural/tribal areas (92.5%) and lower social (79.9%) and economic status (69.9%). Follow-up rates at 2, 7 and 42 days were 99.8%, 99.3% and 94.1%, respectively. Cumulative mortality rates at 2, 7 and 42 days follow-up were 43, 53 and 62 per 1000 births, respectively. The perinatal mortality rate (PMR) was 53 per 1000. Preterm birth (OR 2.89, 95% CI 1.67 to 5.00), twin deliveries (OR 2.80, 95% CI 1.10 to 7.15) and caesarean section (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.15 to 4.23) were the strongest predictors of mortality.The perinatal mortality rate associated with this cohort of patients with high-acuity conditions of pregnancy was nearly two times the most recent rate for India as a whole (28 per 1000 births). EMS data have the potential to provide more robust estimates of PMR, reduce inequities in timely access to healthcare and increase facility-based care through service of marginalised populations.

    View details for PubMedID 29654018

  • Comparison of online and classroom-based formats for teaching emergency medicine to medical students in Uganda AEM Education and Training Mahadevan, S., Walker, R., Kalanzi, J., Luggya, T., Bills, C., Acker, P., et al 2018; 2 (1)

    View details for DOI 10.1002/aet2.10066

  • Global Health and Emergency Care: Defining Clinical Research Priorities. Academic emergency medicine Hansoti, B., Aluisio, A. R., Barry, M. A., Davey, K., Lentz, B. A., Modi, P., Newberry, J. A., Patel, M. H., Smith, T. A., Vinograd, A. M., Levine, A. C. 2017


    Despite recent strides in the development of global emergency medicine (EM), the field continues to lag in applying a scientific approach to identifying critical knowledge gaps and advancing evidence-based solutions to clinical and public health problems seen in emergency departments (EDs) worldwide. Here, progress on the global EM research agenda created at the 2013 Academic Emergency Medicine Global Health and Emergency Care Consensus Conference is evaluated and critical areas for future development in emergency care research internationally are identified.A retrospective review of all studies compiled in the Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review (GEMLR) database from 2013 through 2015 was conducted. Articles were categorized and analyzed using descriptive quantitative measures and structured data matrices. The Global Emergency Medicine Think Tank Clinical Research Working Group at the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine 2016 Annual Meeting then further conceptualized and defined global EM research priorities utilizing consensus-based decision making.Research trends in global EM research published between 2013 and 2015 show a predominance of observational studies relative to interventional or descriptive studies, with the majority of research conducted in the inpatient setting in comparison to the ED or prehospital setting. Studies on communicable diseases and injury were the most prevalent, with a relative dearth of research on chronic noncommunicable diseases. The Global Emergency Medicine Think Tank Clinical Research Working Group identified conceptual frameworks to define high-impact research priorities, including the traditional approach of using global burden of disease to define priorities and the impact of EM on individual clinical care and public health opportunities. EM research is also described through a population lens approach, including gender, pediatrics, and migrant and refugee health.Despite recent strides in global EM research and a proliferation of scholarly output in the field, further work is required to advocate for and inform research priorities in global EM. The priorities outlined in this paper aim to guide future research in the field, with the goal of advancing the development of EM worldwide.

    View details for DOI 10.1111/acem.13158

    View details for PubMedID 28103632

  • Addressing Social Determinants of Health from the Emergency Department through Social Emergency Medicine. The western journal of emergency medicine Anderson, E. S., Lippert, S., Newberry, J., Bernstein, E., Alter, H. J., Wang, N. E. 2016; 17 (4): 487-489

    View details for DOI 10.5811/westjem.2016.5.30240

    View details for PubMedID 27429706

  • Using an emergency response infrastructure to help women who experience gender-based violence in Gujarat India BULLETIN OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION Newberry, J. A., Mahadevan, S., Gohil, N., Jamshed, R., Prajapati, J., Rao, G. V., Strehlow, M. 2016; 94 (5): 388-392


    Many women who experience gender-based violence may never seek any formal help because they do not feel safe or confident that they will receive help if they try.A public-private-academic partnership in Gujarat, India, established a toll-free telephone helpline - called 181 Abhayam - for women experiencing gender-based violence. The partnership used existing emergency response service infrastructure to link women to phone counselling, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and government programmes.In India, the lifetime prevalence of gender-based violence is 37.2%, but less than 1% of women will ever seek help beyond their family or friends. Before implementation of the helpline, there were no toll-free helplines or centralized coordinating systems for government programmes, NGOs and emergency response services.In February 2014, the helpline was launched across Gujarat. In the first 10 months, the helpline assisted 9767 individuals, of which 8654 identified themselves as women. Of all calls, 79% (7694) required an intervention by phone or in person on the day they called and 43% (4190) of calls were by or for women experiencing violence.Despite previous data that showed women experiencing gender-based violence rarely sought help from formal sources, women in Gujarat did use the helpline for concerns across the spectrum of gender-based violence. However, for evaluating the impact of the helpline, the operational definitions of concern categories need to be further clarified. The initial triage system for incoming calls was advantageous for handling high call volumes, but may have contributed to dropped calls.

    View details for DOI 10.2471/BLT.15.163741

    View details for PubMedID 27147769

  • Social determinants of health from the emergency department: The practice of social emergency medicine WestJEM Anderson, E. S., Lippert, S., Newberry, J. A., Bernstien, E., Alter, H. J., Wang, N. E. 2016: 487–89
  • Implementing an Innovative Prehospital Care Provider Training Course in Nine Cambodian Provinces Cureus Acker, P. C. 2016; 8 (6)

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.656

  • Implementing an Innovative Prehospital Care Provider Training Course in Nine Cambodian Provinces. Cure¯us Acker, P., Newberry, J. A., Hattaway, L. B., Socheat, P., Raingsey, P. P., Strehlow, M. C. 2016; 8 (6)


    Despite significant improvements in health outcomes nationally, many Cambodians continue to experience morbidity and mortality due to inadequate access to quality emergency medical services. Over recent decades, the Cambodian healthcare system and civil infrastructure have advanced markedly and now possess many of the components required to establish a well functioning emergency medical system. These components include enhanced access to emergency transportation through large scale road development efforts, widspread availability of emergency communication channels via the spread of cellphone and internet technology, and increased access to health services for poor patients through the implementation of health financing schemes. However, the system still lacks a number of key elements, one of which is trained prehospital care providers. Working in partnership with local providers, our team created an innovative, Cambodia-specific prehospital care provider training course to help fill this gap. Participants received training on prehospital care skills and knowledge most applicable to the Cambodian healthcare system, which was divided into four modules: Basic Prehospital Care Skills and Adult Medical Emergencies, Traumatic Emergencies, Obstetric Emergencies, and Neonatal/Pediatric Emergencies. The course was implemented in nine of Cambodia's most populous provinces, concurrent with a number of overarching emergency medical service system improvement efforts. Overall, the course was administered to 1,083 Cambodian providers during a 27-month period, with 947 attending the entire course and passing the course completion exam.

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.656

    View details for PubMedID 27489749

  • Barriers to Real-Time Medical Direction via Cellular Communication for Prehospital Emergency Care Providers in Gujarat, India. Cure¯us Lindquist, B., Strehlow, M. C., Rao, G. V., Newberry, J. A. 2016; 8 (7)


    Many low- and middle-income countries depend on emergency medical technicians (EMTs), nurses, midwives, and layperson community health workers with limited training to provide a majority of emergency medical, trauma, and obstetric care in the prehospital setting. To improve timely patient care and expand provider scope of practice, nations leverage cellular phones and call centers for real-time online medical direction. However, there exist several barriers to adequate communication that impact the provision of emergency care. We sought to identify obstacles in the cellular communication process among GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute (GVK EMRI) EMTs in Gujarat, India.A convenience sample of practicing EMTs in Gujarat, India were surveyed regarding the barriers to call initiation and completion.108 EMTs completed the survey. Overall, ninety-seven (89.8%) EMTs responded that the most common reason they did not initiate a call with the call center physician was insufficient time. Forty-six (42%) EMTs reported that they were unable to call the physician one or more times during a typical workweek (approximately 5-6 twelve-hour shifts/week) due to their hands being occupied performing direct patient care. Fifty-eight (54%) EMTs reported that they were unable to reach the call center physician, despite attempts, at least once a week.This study identified multiple barriers to communication, including insufficient time to call for advice and inability to reach call center physicians. Identification of simple interventions and best practices may improve communication and ensure timely and appropriate prehospital care.

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.676

    View details for PubMedID 27551654

  • Characteristics and outcomes of women using emergency medical services for third-trimester pregnancy-related problems in India: a prospective observational study. BMJ open Strehlow, M. C., Newberry, J. A., Bills, C. B., Min, H. E., Evensen, A. E., Leeman, L., Pirrotta, E. A., Rao, G. V., Mahadevan, S. V. 2016; 6 (7)


    Characterise the demographics, management and outcomes of obstetric patients transported by emergency medical services (EMS).Prospective observational study.Five Indian states using a centralised EMS agency that transported 3.1 million pregnant women in 2014.This study enrolled a convenience sample of 1684 women in third trimester of pregnancy calling with a 'pregnancy-related' problem for free-of-charge ambulance transport. Calls were deemed 'pregnancy related' if categorised by EMS dispatchers as 'pregnancy', 'childbirth', 'miscarriage' or 'labour pains'. Interfacility transfers, patients absent on ambulance arrival and patients refusing care were excluded.Emergency medical technician (EMT) interventions, method of delivery and death.The median age enrolled was 23 years (IQR 21-25). Women were primarily from rural or tribal areas (1550/1684 (92.0%)) and lower economic strata (1177/1684 (69.9%)). Time from initial call to hospital arrival was longer for rural/tribal compared with urban patients (66 min (IQR 51-84) vs 56 min (IQR 42-73), respectively, p<0.0001). EMTs assisted delivery in 44 women, delivering the placenta in 33/44 (75%), performing transabdominal uterine massage in 29/33 (87.9%) and administering oxytocin in none (0%). There were 1411 recorded deliveries. Most women delivered at a hospital (1212/1411 (85.9%)), however 126/1411 (8.9%) delivered at home following hospital discharge. Follow-up rates at 48 hours, 7 days and 42 days were 95.0%, 94.4% and 94.1%, respectively. Four women died, all within 48 hours. The caesarean section rate was 8.2% (116/1411). On multivariate regression analysis, women transported to private hospitals versus government primary health centres were less likely to deliver by caesarean section (OR 0.14 (0.05-0.43)) CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant women from vulnerable Indian populations use free-of-charge EMS for impending delivery, making it integral to the healthcare system. Future research and health system planning should focus on strengthening and expanding EMS as a component of emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC).

    View details for DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011459

    View details for PubMedID 27449891

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4964166

  • Barriers to Real-Time Medical Direction via Cellular Communication for Prehospital Emergency Care Providers in Gujarat, India Cureus Lindquist, B., Strehlow, M., Rao, G., Newberry, J. 2016

    View details for DOI 10.7759/cureus.676

  • Image diagnosis: Perilunate and lunate dislocations. The Permanente journal Newberry, J. A., Garmel, G. M. 2012; 16 (1): 70-71

    View details for PubMedID 22529764

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC3327118