Clinical Conundrum: How do you treat youth with depression and a family history of bipolar disorder?
2019; 21 (4): 383–86
Social Media and Networking Competencies for Psychiatric Education: Skills, Teaching Methods, and Implications.
Academic psychiatry : the journal of the American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training and the Association for Academic Psychiatry
Therapeutic Assignments: Piloting a Way for Medical Students on the Psychiatry Clerkship to Interact with Patients Beyond the Initial Interview.
Treatment of psychiatric symptoms among offspring of parents with bipolar disorder.
Current treatment options in psychiatry
2017; 4 (4): 341–56
Does psychosis increase the risk of suicide in patients with major depression? A systematic review
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
2016; 198: 23-31
Bipolar disorder is highly familial and has a protracted and diagnostically confusing prodrome. This review critically evaluates recently published literature relevant to the treatment of psychiatric symptoms in high-risk offspring of parents with Bipolar Disorder.Non-pharmacological treatment options including psychotherapy, resilience promotion through good sleep, diet, and exercise hygiene, and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation are important first line interventions for high-risk offspring. There has been some success in treating this population with open-label trials with mood stabilizers and atypical antipsychotics; however, these results have not been replicated in randomized controlled trails.Despite some progress in early identification of symptoms in offspring of parents with Bipolar Disorder, there is scarce evidence supporting the treatment of these high-risk youth to prevent psychiatric symptoms from progressing to threshold bipolar or other psychiatric disorders. There is a need for prospective and randomized trials and research that identifies reliable biomarkers to individualize treatments for these youth.
View details for PubMedID 29503793
View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5831272
Relationship between serum uric acid level and cardiometabolic risks in nondiabetic patients with schizophrenia
INTERNATIONAL CLINICAL PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
2016; 31 (1): 51-56
Over the years studies have shown conflicting results about the risk of suicide in psychotic depression (MD-psych). To understand this association, we undertook a comprehensive review of the literature to ascertain whether individuals with MD-psych have higher rates of completed suicides, suicide attempts or suicidal ideation compared to those with non-psychotic depression (MD-nonpsych).We searched Pubmed, PsycINFO and Ovid in English language, from 1946-October 2015. Studies were included if suicidal ideation, attempts or completed suicides were assessed.During the acute episode of depression, patients with MD-psych have higher rates of suicide, suicide attempts, and suicidal ideation than patients with MD-nonpsych, especially when the patient is hospitalized on an inpatient psychiatric unit. Studies done after the acute episode has resolved are less likely to show this difference, likely due to patients having received treatment.Diagnostic interviews were not conducted in all studies. Many studies did not report whether psychotic symptoms in MD-psych patients were mood-congruent or mood-incongruent; hence it is unclear whether the type of delusion increases suicide risk. Studies did not describe whether MD-psych patients experienced command hallucinations encouraging them to engage in suicidal behavior. Only 24 studies met inclusion criteria; several of them had small sample size and a quality score of zero, hence impacting validity.This review indicates that the seemingly conflicting data in suicide risk between MD-psych and MD-nonpsych in previous studies appears to be related to whether one looks at differences during the acute episode or over the long-term.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jad.2016.03.035
View details for Web of Science ID 000375058100003
View details for PubMedID 26998793
Decisional Capacity in Pregnancy: A Complex Case of Pregnancy Termination
2015; 56 (3): 292-297
This study examined the relationship between serum levels of uric acid and insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in nondiabetic patients with schizophrenia. Outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder participated in a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Fasting blood samples were obtained to determine serum levels of metabolic measures. A total of 135 patients were recruited for the study. A significant positive relationship was found between serum levels of uric acid and the homeostasis model of assessing insulin resistance (log transformed, r=0.394, P<0.001), and a significant negative relationship was found between serum levels of uric acid and low-density lipoprotein particle size (log transformed, r=-0.306, P=0.001) after controlling for potential confounding variables. Hierarchical multiple regression suggested that serum uric acid level is a significant predictor of insulin resistance (P=0.001) and of low-density lipoprotein particle size (P<0.015). Further, logistic regression showed that serum uric acid levels strongly predicted the condition of metabolic syndrome (odds ratio 0.630, 95% confidence interval 0.463-0.856, P=0.003). This study suggested that uric acid may be a clinically useful biomarker to indicate cardiometabolic risks in nondiabetic patients with schizophrenia.
View details for DOI 10.1097/YIC.0000000000000107
View details for Web of Science ID 000366691200007
View details for PubMedID 26550697