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Professional Education


  • Doctor of Philosophy, Universite De Paris Vi (2018)

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  • Anisotropic elastic properties of human femoral cortical bone and relationships with composition and microstructure in elderly. Acta biomaterialia Cai, X., Follet, H., Peralta, L., Gardegaront, M., Farlay, D., Gauthier, R., Yu, B., Gineyts, E., Olivier, C., Langer, M., Gourrier, A., Mitton, D., Peyrin, F., Grimal, Q., Laugier, P. 2019

    Abstract

    The strong dependence between cortical bone elasticity at the millimetre-scale (mesoscale) and cortical porosity has been evidenced by previous studies. However, bone is an anisotropic composite material made by mineral, proteins and water assembled in a hierarchical structure. Whether the variations of structural and compositional properties of bone affect the different elastic coefficients at the mesoscale is not clear. Aiming to understand the relationships between bone elastic properties and compositions and microstructure, we applied state-of-the-art experimental modalities to assess these aspects of bone characteristics. All elastic coefficients (stiffness tensor of the transverse isotropic bone material), structure of the vascular pore network, collagen and mineral properties were measured in 52 specimens from the femoral diaphysis of 26 elderly donors. Statistical analyses and micromechanical modeling showed that vascular pore volume fraction and the degree of mineralization of bone are the most important determinants of cortical bone anisotropic mesoscopic elasticity. Though significant correlations were observed between collagen properties and elasticity, their effects in bone mesoscopic elasticity were minor in our data. This work also provides a unique set of data exhibiting a range of variations of compositional and microstructural cortical bone properties in the elderly and gives strong experimental evidence and basis for further development of biomechanical models for human cortical bone. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: This study reports the relationships between microstructure, composition and the mesoscale anisotropic elastic properties of human femoral cortical bone in elderly. For the first time, we provide data covering the complete anisotropic elastic tensor, the microstructure of cortical vascular porosity, mineral and collagen characteristics obtained from the same or adjacent samples in each donor. The results revealed that cortical vascular porosity and degree of mineralization of bone are the most important determinants of bone anisotropic stiffness at the mesoscale. The presented data gives strong experimental evidence and basis for further development of biomechanical models for human cortical bone.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.actbio.2019.03.043

    View details for PubMedID 30922952

  • 3D monitoring and control of microbubble cavitation for gene delivery Cai, X., Foiret, J., Roth, J., Gazit, Z., Pelled, G., Gazit, D., Ferrara, K. W., IEEE IEEE. 2019: 888?90

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