Clinical Associate Professor, Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine
To assess intubating conditions without neuromuscular blocking drugs, to determine the relation between the dose of rocuronium and the probability of achieving excellent or at least good (good or excellent) intubating conditions with the intubating laryngeal mask airway (ILMA), and finally, to determine the relationship between rocuronium use and the success rate of endotracheal intubation.Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study.University-affiliated medical center.Sixty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II patients undergoing elective surgery.Anesthesia was induced with propofol 2.5 mg/kg and fentanyl 1 microg/kg. One minute after loss of consciousness, patients received rocuronium 0.2 mg/kg or saline. In the rocuronium group, if intubating conditions were scored as poor, rocuronium dose in the next patient was increased by 0.05 mg/kg. If intubating conditions were scored as good, no change was made, but if conditions were scored as excellent, the dose was decreased by 0.05 mg/kg. One minute after rocuronium or saline administration, an ILMA was used to intubate the trachea. If intubation was unsuccessful, a second attempt was made using the ILMA.We recorded intubating conditions and the success rate of tracheal intubation.Without rocuronium, the probability of achieving at least good intubating conditions with the ILMA was 30%. A rocuronium dose of 0.2 mg/kg resulted in a probability of 80% to achieve at least good intubating conditions. Rocuronium significantly increased the success rate of the second intubation attempt.To achieve good or excellent intubating conditions with the ILMA, a rocuronium dose lower than the standard intubating dose of 0.6 mg/kg can be used. Neuromuscular blockade increases the success rate of intubation if a second attempt is necessary.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jclinane.2004.06.009
View details for Web of Science ID 000229688100003
View details for PubMedID 15896580