Bio

Honors & Awards


  • iHeart Research Dorothy Dee and Marjorie Helene Boring Trust Award, Stanford Cardiovascular Institute (Jan 2019)

Membership Organizations


  • Graduate School of Business Healthcare Club, Member
  • Arbor Free Clinic, Laboratory Coordinator

Education & Certifications


  • Bachelor of Science, Vanderbilt University, Engineering Science (2017)
  • Concentration, Vanderbilt University, Engineering Management (2017)

Service, Volunteer and Community Work


  • Clinic Volunteer, Arbor Free Clinic

    Evaluate laboratory results and counsel patients on next steps for evaluation and treatment.

    Location

    Menlo Park, CA

Patents


  • Kevin Cyr, Dylan Peterson, Rajiv Tarigopula. "United States Patent 62674627 Provisional: Systems and Methods for Stimulating the Periosteum", Leland Stanford Junior University, Oct 1, 2018
  • Kevin Cyr, Jennifer Colby, Christina Marasco. "United States Patent PCT/US17/34059 Devices and Kits for Monitoring Disease States", Vanderbilt University, May 23, 2017

Personal Interests


Entrepreneurship
Startups
Clinical decision making
Podcasts
Reading anything I can get my hands on

Research & Scholarship

Current Clinical Interests


  • Cardiac Arrhythmia
  • Cardiac Devices
  • Drug Design and Development
  • Biodesign Innovation

Publications

All Publications


  • Screening and Prophylactic Amiodarone Reduces Post-Operative Atrial Fibrillation in At-Risk Patients JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY Pong, T., Cyr, K., Niesen, J., Aparicio-Valenzuela, J., Carlton, C., Fischbein, M. P., Woo, Y., Boyd, J. H., Lee, A. M. 2020; 75 (11): 1361?63

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.01.016

    View details for Web of Science ID 000520057100016

    View details for PubMedID 32192666

  • Intrinsically stretchable electrode array enabled in vivo electrophysiological mapping of atrial fibrillation at cellular resolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Liu, J., Zhang, X., Liu, Y., Rodrigo, M., Loftus, P. D., Aparicio-Valenzuela, J., Zheng, J., Pong, T., Cyr, K. J., Babakhanian, M., Hasi, J., Li, J., Jiang, Y., Kenney, C. J., Wang, P. J., Lee, A. M., Bao, Z. 2020

    Abstract

    Electrophysiological mapping of chronic atrial fibrillation (AF) at high throughput and high resolution is critical for understanding its underlying mechanism and guiding definitive treatment such as cardiac ablation, but current electrophysiological tools are limited by either low spatial resolution or electromechanical uncoupling of the beating heart. To overcome this limitation, we herein introduce a scalable method for fabricating a tissue-like, high-density, fully elastic electrode (elastrode) array capable of achieving real-time, stable, cellular level-resolution electrophysiological mapping in vivo. Testing with acute rabbit and porcine models, the device is proven to have robust and intimate tissue coupling while maintaining its chemical, mechanical, and electrical properties during the cardiac cycle. The elastrode array records epicardial atrial signals with comparable efficacy to currently available endocardial-mapping techniques but with 2 times higher atrial-to-ventricular signal ratio and >100 times higher spatial resolution and can reliably identify electrical local heterogeneity within an area of simultaneously identified rotor-like electrical patterns in a porcine model of chronic AF.

    View details for DOI 10.1073/pnas.2000207117

    View details for PubMedID 32541030

  • Circadian hormone control in a human-on-a-chip: In vitro biology's ignored component? EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE Cyr, K. J., Avaldi, O. M., Wikswo, J. P. 2017; 242 (17): 1714?31

    Abstract

    Organs-on-Chips (OoCs) are poised to reshape dramatically the study of biology by replicating in vivo the function of individual and coupled human organs. Such microphysiological systems (MPS) have already recreated complex physiological responses necessary to simulate human organ function not evident in two-dimensional in vitro biological experiments. OoC researchers hope to streamline pharmaceutical development, accelerate toxicology studies, limit animal testing, and provide new insights beyond the capability of current biological models. However, to develop a physiologically accurate Human-on-a-Chip, i.e., an MPS homunculus that functions as an interconnected, whole-body, model organ system, one must couple individual OoCs with proper fluidic and metabolic scaling. This will enable the study of the effects of organ-organ interactions on the metabolism of drugs and toxins. Critical to these efforts will be the recapitulation of the complex physiological signals that regulate the endocrine, metabolic, and digestive systems. To date, with the exception of research focused on reproductive organs on chips, most OoC research ignores homuncular endocrine regulation, in particular the circadian rhythms that modulate the function of all organ systems. We outline the importance of cyclic endocrine regulation and the role that it may play in the development of MPS homunculi for the pharmacology, toxicology, and systems biology communities. Moreover, we discuss the critical end-organ hormone interactions that are most relevant for a typical coupled-OoC system, and the possible research applications of a missing endocrine system MicroFormulator (MES-F) that could impose biological rhythms on in vitro models. By linking OoCs together through chemical messenger systems, advanced physiological phenomena relevant to pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics studies can be replicated. The concept of a MES-F could be applied to other standard cell-culture systems such as well plates, thereby extending the concept of circadian hormonal regulation to much of in vitro biology. Impact statement Historically, cyclic endocrine modulation has been largely ignored within in vitro cell culture, in part because cultured cells typically have their media changed every day or two, precluding hourly adjustment of hormone concentrations to simulate circadian rhythms. As the Organ-on-Chip (OoC) community strives for greater physiological realism, the contribution of hormonal oscillations toward regulation of organ systems has been examined only in the context of reproductive organs, and circadian variation of the breadth of other hormones on most organs remains unaddressed. We illustrate the importance of cyclic endocrine modulation and the role that it plays within individual organ systems. The study of cyclic endocrine modulation within OoC systems will help advance OoC research to the point where it can reliably replicate in vitro key regulatory components of human physiology. This will help translate OoC work into pharmaceutical applications and connect the OoC community with the greater pharmacology and physiology communities.

    View details for DOI 10.1177/1535370217732766

    View details for Web of Science ID 000413738700007

    View details for PubMedID 29065796

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5832251

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