Bachelor of Technology, Unlisted School (2012)
Doctor of Philosophy, Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (2018)
The Hsp90 chaperone has become the attractive pharmacological target to inhibit tumor cell proliferation. However, tumor cells can evolve with mechanisms to overcome Hsp90 inhibition. Using human neuroblastoma, we have investigated one such limitation. Here, we demonstrate that neuroblastoma cells overcome the interference of tumor suppressor p16INK4a in cell proliferation, which is due to its latent interaction with CDK4 and CDK6. Cells also displayed impedance to the pharmacological inhibition of cancer chaperone Hsp90 inhibition with respect to induced cytotoxicity. However, the p16INK4a knockdown has triggered the activation of cyclin-CDK6 axis and enhanced the cell proliferation. These cells are eventually sensitized to Hsp90 inhibition by activating the DNA damage response mediated through p53-p21WAF-1 axis and G1 cell cycle exit. While both CDK4 and CDK6 have exhibited low affinity to p16INK4a , CDK6 has exhibited high affinity to Hsp90. Destabilizing the CDK6 interaction with Hsp90 has prolonged G2/M cell cycle arrest fostering to premature cellular senescence. The senescence driven cells exhibited compromised metastatic potential both in vitro as well as in mice xenografts. Our study unravels that cancer cells can be adapted to the constitutive expression of tumor suppressors to overcome therapeutic interventions. Our findings display potential implication of Hsp90 inhibitors to overcome such adaptations.
View details for DOI 10.1002/jcb.29493
View details for PubMedID 31692039
Adult stem cells are essential for tissue homeostasis. In skeletal muscle, muscle stem cells (MuSCs) reside in a quiescent state, but little is known about the mechanisms that control homeostatic turnover. Here we show that, in mice, the variation in MuSC activation rate among different muscles (for example, limb versus diaphragm muscles) is determined by the levels of the transcription factor Pax3. We further show that Pax3 levels are controlled by alternative polyadenylation of its transcript, which is regulated by the small nucleolar RNA U1. Isoforms of the Pax3 messenger RNA that differ in their 3' untranslated regions are differentially susceptible to regulation by microRNA miR206, which results in varying levels of the Pax3 protein in vivo. These findings highlight a previously unrecognized mechanism of the homeostatic regulation of stem cell fate by multiple RNA species.
View details for DOI 10.1126/science.aax1694
View details for PubMedID 31699935