Penetrance and clinical consequences of a gross SDHB deletion in a large family
2009; 75 (4): 354-363
Characterization of an animal model of aggressive metastatic pheochromocytoma linked to a specific gene signature
CLINICAL & EXPERIMENTAL METASTASIS
2009; 26 (3): 239-250
Mutations in the gene encoding subunit B of the mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase (SDHB) are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and are associated with hereditary paraganglioma (PGL) and pheochromocytoma. The phenotype of patients with SDHB point mutations has been previously described. However, the phenotype and penetrance of gross SDHB deletions have not been well characterized as they are rarely described. The objective was to describe the phenotype and estimate the penetrance of an exon 1 large SDHB deletion in one kindred. A retrospective and prospective study of 41 relatives across five generations was carried out. The main outcome measures were genetic testing, clinical presentations, plasma catecholamines and their O-methylated metabolites. Of the 41 mutation carriers identified, 11 were diagnosed with PGL, 12 were found to be healthy carriers after evaluation, and 18 were reportedly healthy based on family history accounts. The penetrance of PGL related to the exon 1 large SDHB deletion in this family was estimated to be 35% by age 40. Variable expressivity of the phenotype associated with a large exon 1 SDHB deletion was observed, including low penetrance, diverse primary PGL tumor locations, and malignant potential.
View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1399-0004.2009.01157.x
View details for Web of Science ID 000265223100009
View details for PubMedID 19389109
Superiority of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography to other functional imaging techniques in the evaluation of metastatic SDHB-associated pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY
2007; 25 (16): 2262-2269
Pheochromocytomas are chromaffin cell-derived neuroendocrine tumors. There is presently no cure for metastatic pheochromocytoma and no reliable way to distinguish malignant from benign tumors before the development of metastases. In order to successfully manage pheochromocytoma, it is necessary to better understand the biological determinants of tumor behavior. For this purpose, we have recently established a mouse model of metastatic pheochromocytoma using tail vein injection of mouse pheochromocytoma (MPC) cells. We optimized this model modifying the number of cells injected, length of trypsin pre-treatment, and incubation temperature and duration for the MPC cells before injection, and by serial passage and re-selection of tumors exhibiting the metastatic phenotype. We evaluated the effect of these modifications on tumor growth using serial in vivo Magnetic Resonance Imaging studies. These results show that number of cells injected, the pre-injection incubation temperature, and duration of trypsin treatment are important factors to produce faster growing, more aggressive tumors that yielded secondary metastatic lesions. Serial harvest, culture and re-selection of metastatic liver lesions produced even more aggressive pheochromocytoma cells that retained their biochemical phenotype. Microarray gene expression comparison and quantitative real-time PCR of these more aggressive cells to the MPC-parental cell line identified genes that may be important for the metastatic process.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s10585-009-9236-0
View details for Web of Science ID 000263788500008
View details for PubMedID 19169894
Clinical presentations, biochemical phenotypes, and genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with succinate dehydrogenase subunit B-associated pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM
2007; 92 (3): 779-786
Germline mutations of the gene encoding subunit B of the mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase (SDHB) predispose to malignant paraganglioma (PGL). Timely and accurate localization of these aggressive tumors is critical for guiding optimal treatment. Our aim is to evaluate the performance of functional imaging modalities in the detection of metastatic lesions of SDHB-associated PGL.Sensitivities for the detection of metastases were compared between [18F]fluorodopamine ([18F]FDA) and [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), iodine-123- (123I) and iodine-131 (131I) -metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), 111In-pentetreotide, and Tc-99m-methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy in 30 patients with SDHB-associated PGL. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) served as standards of reference.Twenty-nine of 30 patients had metastatic lesions. In two patients, obvious metastatic lesions on functional imaging were missed by CT and MRI. Sensitivity according to patient/body region was 80%/65% for 123I-MIBG and 88%/70% for [18F]FDA-PET. False-negative results on 123I-MIBG scintigraphy and/or [18F]FDA-PET were not predicted by genotype or biochemical phenotype. [18F]FDG-PET yielded a by patient/by body region sensitivity of 100%/97%. At least 90% of regions that were false negative on 123I-MIBG scintigraphy or [18F]FDA-PET were detected by [18F]FDG-PET. In two patients, 111In-pentetreotide scintigraphy detected liver lesions that were negative on other functional imaging modalities. Sensitivities were similar before and after chemotherapy or 131I-MIBG treatment, except for a trend toward lower post- (60%/41%) versus pretreatment (80%/65%) sensitivity of 123I-MIBG scintigraphy.With a sensitivity approaching 100%, [18F]FDG-PET is the preferred functional imaging modality for staging and treatment monitoring of SDHB-related metastatic PGL.
View details for DOI 10.1200/JCO.2006.09.6297
View details for Web of Science ID 000247010400020
View details for PubMedID 17538171
Mutations of the gene encoding succinate dehydrogenase subunit B (SDHB) predispose to malignant paraganglioma (PGL). Recognition of the SDHB phenotype in apparently sporadic PGL directs appropriate treatment and family screening.The objective of the study was to assess mutation-specific clinical and biochemical characteristics of SDHB-related PGL.The study design was retrospective descriptive. Patients: Patients included 29 patients (16 males) with SDHB-related abdominal or thoracic PGL.There was no intervention.Clinical presentations, plasma and urine concentrations of catecholamines and O-methylated metabolites, and genotype-phenotype correlations were measured.Mean +/- sd age at diagnosis was 33.7 +/- 15.7 yr. Tumor-related pain was among the presenting symptoms in 54% of patients and was the sole symptom in 14%. Seventy-six percent had hypertension, and 90% lacked a family history of PGL. All primary tumors but one originated from extraadrenal locations. Mean +/- sd tumor size was 7.8 +/- 3.7 cm. In this referral-based study, 28% presented with metastatic disease and all but one eventually developed metastases after 2.7 +/- 4.1 yr. Ten percent had additional head and neck PGLs. The biochemical phenotype was consistent with hypersecretion of both norepinephrine and dopamine in 46%, norepinephrine only in 41%, and dopamine only in 3%. Ten percent had normal catecholamine (metabolite) levels, consistent with biochemically silent PGL. No obvious genotype-phenotype correlations were identified.SDHB-related PGL often presents as apparently sporadic PGL with symptoms related to tumor mass effect rather than to catecholamine excess. The predominant biochemical phenotype consists of hypersecretion of norepinephrine and/or dopamine, whereas 10% of tumors are biochemically silent. The clinical expression of these tumors cannot be predicted by the genotype.
View details for DOI 10.1210/jc.2006.2315
View details for Web of Science ID 000244721900006
View details for PubMedID 17200167