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Daniel Palanker is a Professor of Ophthalmology and Director of the Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory at Stanford University. He received MSc in Physics in 1984 from the Yerevan State University in Armenia, and PhD in Applied Physics in 1994 from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Dr. Palanker is working on optical and electronic technologies for diagnostic, therapeutic, surgical and prosthetic applications, primarily in ophthalmology. In the field of biomedical optics, these studies include interferometric imaging of neural signals, and laser-tissue interactions with applications to retinal laser therapy and to ocular surgery. In the field of electro-neural interfaces, Dr. Palanker is developing retinal prosthesis for restoration of sight to the blind and implants for electronic control of organs. Several of his developments are in clinical practice world-wide: Pulsed Electron Avalanche Knife (PEAK PlasmaBlade, Medtronic Inc.), Patterned Scanning Laser Photocoagulator (PASCAL, Topcon Inc.), Femtosecond Laser System for Cataract Surgery (Catalys, Johnson&Johnson), Neural stimulator for enhanced tear secretion (TrueTear, Allergan Inc.). Photovoltaic Retinal Prosthesis (PRIMA, Pixium Vision) is in clinical trials.
Interactions of electric field and light with biological cells and tissues: mechanisms and applications to diagnostics, therapeutics and prosthetics.Specific fields of interest include:Electro-neural interfaces; Laser therapy and microsurgery;Electronic control organs;Optical detection of neural signaling.Current research projects include:1) Laser-Tissue Interactions: Retinal rejuvenation by pulsed hyperthermia; Multiphoton interactions and their surgical applications.2) Photovoltaic Retinal Prosthesis:Photovoltaic restoration of sight to patients blinded by retinal degeneration.3) Electronic Control of Organs:Secretion of tears and reversible vasoconstriction by pulsed electrical stimulation: mechanisms and applications.4) Retinal Plasticity:Migration and rewiring of retinal neurons in response to injury and cell transplantation: applications to models of retinal degeneration and therapy.5) Interferometric detection of neural signaling.