Bio

Clinical Focus


  • Meastatic breast cancer
  • Locally advanced breast cancer
  • Cancer > Breast Cancer
  • Breast Cancer - Medical Oncology
  • Triple-negative breast cancer
  • Medical Oncology

Academic Appointments


Administrative Appointments


  • Scientific Program Committee, Triple Negative Breast Cancer/Cytotoxics/Local Therapy, American Society of Clinical Oncology (2010 - 2013)
  • Program Committee, ASCO Breast Cancer Symposium (2010 - 2013)

Honors & Awards


  • Career Catalyst Research Award, Susan G. Komen for the Cure (2012)
  • New Investigator Award, Stanford Cancer Institute (2011)
  • Oncology Division Teaching Award, Stanford University School of Medicine (2010, 2012, 2013)
  • Young Investigator Award, American Society of Clinical Oncology (2009)
  • Fellowship Award, Susan G. Komen for the Cure (2008)
  • Merit Award, American Society of Clinical Oncology (2008)

Professional Education


  • Fellowship:Stanford University School of Medicine (2008) CA
  • Medical Education:George Washington University Medical School (2002) DC
  • Board Certification: Medical Oncology, American Board of Internal Medicine (2008)
  • B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Biology, with Distinction (1996)
  • M.D., George Washington University, Medicine, with Distinction (2002)
  • Residency, Stanford University, Internal Medicine (2005)
  • Fellowship, Stanford University, Medical Oncology (2008)
  • Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (2005)
  • Board Certification, Medical Oncology, ABIM (2008)
  • Residency:Stanford University Medical Center (2005) CA

Community and International Work


  • Triple Step Toward the Cure, Mill Valley, CA

    Location

    California

    Ongoing Project

    Yes

    Opportunities for Student Involvement

    No

  • Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE), Tampa, Florida

    Location

    US

    Ongoing Project

    Yes

    Opportunities for Student Involvement

    No

  • Breast Cancer Connections, Palo Alto, CA

    Location

    Bay Area

    Ongoing Project

    Yes

    Opportunities for Student Involvement

    No

Research & Scholarship

Current Research and Scholarly Interests


My research focuses on breast cancer treatment and survivorship. My primary research interest is the development of novel strategies for the treatment of early stage triple-negative and BRCA1/2 mutation-associated breast cancer. Other areas of interest include prevention of cardiac damage associated with breast cancer treatment and cardiotoxicity of anti-cancer agents.

Clinical Trials


  • Management of Insomnia in Breast Cancer Patients Not Recruiting

    Primary Objective: 1. To provide preliminary data on the effects of armodafinil and Brief Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (BBT-I) (alone or in combination) on insomnia in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Secondary Objectives: 1. To provide preliminary data on the influence of armodafinil and BBT-I (alone or in combination) on cancer-related fatigue (CRF) in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. 2. To provide preliminary data on the influence of armodafinil and BBT-I (alone or in combination) on QOL in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. 3. To provide preliminary data on influence of armodafinil and BBT-I (alone or in combination) on endocrine and inflammatory physiological markers (measured by cortisol and inflammatory cytokines markers)

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Oxana Palesh, PhD, MPH, 650-725-7011.

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  • Study of Fulvestrant +/- Everolimus in Post-Menopausal, Hormone-Receptor + Metastatic Breast Ca Resistant to AI Recruiting

    Post-menopausal women with hormone-receptor positive (HR+) metastatic breast cancer resistant to aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy will be randomized to receive Fulvestrant (Faslodex) with Everolimus or Fulvestrant (Faslodex) with a placebo (no active ingredients). Fulvestrant has demonstrated activity when used as first, second, or third line endocrine therapy, making it an attractive therapy for combination with other agents. In addition, it is commonly reserved for use following disease progression on AI therapy. Everolimus is an orally administered drug that blocks a signaling pathway called "mTOR". "mTOR" acts as a regulator for many processes in the body, including cell growth. Blocking this pathway may have an effect on cell growth. The combination of a novel class of agents (mTOR inhibitors) and an established standard treatment for metastatic HR+ breast cancer may potentially increase the clinical benefit by targeting multiple different biological pathways.

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  • Chemotherapy With or Without Trastuzumab After Surgery in Treating Women With Invasive Breast Cancer Recruiting

    This randomized phase III clinical trial is studying chemotherapy with or without trastuzumab after surgery to see how well they work in treating women with invasive breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) and giving chemotherapy after surgery may kill more tumor cells. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer-killing substances to them. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective with trastuzumab in treating breast cancer.

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  • A Randomized, Phase 2, Neoadjuvant Study of Weekly Paclitaxel With LCL161 in Patients With Triple Negative Breast Cancer Recruiting

    To assess whether adding LCL161 to weekly paclitaxel enhances the efficacy of paclitaxel in women with triple negative breast cancer whose tumors are positive for a defined pattern of gene expression

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  • Vitamin D and Breast Cancer: Does Weight Make a Difference? Recruiting

    This protocol is a randomized, controlled and blinded clinical trial in obese and non-obese subjects diagnosed with breast cancer in whom we will test the effects of vitamin D supplementation in the neoadjuvant setting and evaluate changes in biomarker expression in blood and tissue comparing core breast biopsy to definitive surgical samples. Our goal is to determine whether dietary vitamin D can reverse the negative effects of obesity and insulin resistance as reflected by favorable changes in the gene expression patterns in the pathologic specimens as well as in serum biomarkers of insulin resistance and adipokine secretion. We expect that vitamin D administration will improve the breast cancer gene expression pattern from a high-risk configuration to a low-risk profile in the obese patients and will also cause improvement in the non-obese.

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  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Breast Cancer Recruiting

    To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with more well established diagnostic imaging techniques to determine which method best finds and defines breast cancer.

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  • Pilot Study to Determine Radioiodide Accumulation and Dosimetry in Breast Cancers Using 124I PET/CT Not Recruiting

    This is a pilot imaging study for women whose tumors express NIS [Na+I- symporter, sodium iodide symporter]. Eligibility is limited to the presence of strong (3+) and/or plasma membrane staining in > 20% of cells as determined by immunohistochemical methods. A total of 10 patients will be imaged with 124I PET/CT (serial scans over 24 hour period) to determine radioiodide uptake and distribution in tumor tissue. Thyroid iodide uptake and retention will be blocked beginning one week prior to 124I PET/CT scan with thyroid hormone (T3) and methimazole (impedes organification). Tumor, organ and whole body dosimetry will be calculated in each patient.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Marilyn Florero, (650) 724 - 1953.

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  • A Phase III Randomized Trial of Metformin vs Placebo in Early Stage Breast Cancer Not Recruiting

    This study is looking at whether Metformin, an agent that is commonly used to treat diabetes, can decrease or affect the ability of breast cancer cells to grow and whether Metformin will work with other therapies to keep cancer from recurring. Health Canada has not approved the sale or use of Metformin to treat breast cancer, although they have approved its use in this clinical trial. Although Metformin is approved by the FDA for the treatment of diabetes, its use in breast cancer is considered investigational.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Indu Dhokal, (650) 723 - 0525.

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  • A Pharmacokinetic and Randomized Trial of Neoadjuvant Treatment With Anastrozole Plus AZDO530 in Postmenopausal Patients With Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer Recruiting

    The investigators propose to conduct a Phase I/randomized Phase II study design in order to test the tolerability and efficacy or AZD0530 when used together with anastrozole in therapy of ER+ and/or PR+ postmenopausal breast cancer. The Phase I pharmacokinetic (PK) cohort of the study (cohort A) will be conducted in postmenopausal women with metastatic disease and will ascertain safety and toxicity. Patients in the randomized Phase II cohort of the study (cohort B) will consist of postmenopausal women with locally advanced ER+ breast cancer who are randomized to either neoadjuvant treatment with anastrozole plus placebo, or anastrozole in combination with AZD0530. The Phase II cohort will permit extended assays of tolerability, initial estimates of efficacy, and the investigation of molecular (protein and RNA expression profiles) and cellular assays (measures of TICs) as predictors of drug efficacy.

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  • Tamoxifen Citrate, Letrozole, Anastrozole, or Exemestane With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Invasive RxPONDER Breast Cancer Recruiting

    This phase III clinical trial is studying how well giving tamoxifen citrate, anastrozole, letrozole, or exemestane with or without chemotherapy works in treating patients with invasive breast cancer. Estrogen can cause the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy, using tamoxifen citrate, may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen by the tumor cells. Aromatase inhibitors, such as anastrozole, letrozole, and exemestane, may fight breast cancer by lowering the amount of estrogen the body makes. Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. It is not yet known whether giving tamoxifen citrate, anastrozole, letrozole, or exemestane is more effective with combination chemotherapy in treating patients with breast cancer.

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  • Development of Vitamin D as a Therapy for Breast Cancer - Phase II Not Recruiting

    This study will assess whether levels of vitamin D impact the characteristics of a woman's breast cancer at diagnosis, and whether a short course of vitamin D in women with low levels of vitamin D changes the gene expression of their breast cancers.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Charlene Kranz, (650) 498 - 7977.

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  • A Study of Pertuzumab in Combination With Herceptin (Trastuzumab) And Vinorelbine in First Line in Patients With Metastatic or Locally Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Not Recruiting

    This two-cohort, open-label, multicenter, phase II study will assess the safety and efficacy of pertuzumab given in combination with Herceptin (trastuzumab) and vinorelbine in first line in patients with metastatic or locally advanced HER2-positive breast cancer. Patients will receive pertuzumab 840 mg and Herceptin 8 mg/kg administered sequentially as separate iv infusions on Days 1 and 2, respectively, of Cycle 1. From Cycle 2 onwards, patients will receive pertuzumab 420 mg and Herceptin 6 mg/kg, administered either sequentially as separate iv infusions on Day 1 and Day 1 or 2, respectively (Cohort 1) or together in one infusion bag on Day 1 (Cohort 2) every 3 weeks. Vinorelbine will be administered at 25 mg/m2 iv on Days 2 and 9 of Cycle 1, and at 30-35 mg/m2 on Days 1 and 8 (or Days 2 and 9) of each following 3-week cycle. Anticipated time on study treatment is until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity occurs, or withdrawal of consent or death! .

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Naheed Mangi, 650-723-0658.

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  • The Study Evaluating Efficacy And Tolerability Of Veliparib in Combination With Temozolomide or In Combination With Carboplatin and Paclitaxel Versus Placebo in Subjects With BRCA1 and BRCA2 Mutation and Metastatic Breast Cancer Recruiting

    The Study Evaluating Efficacy And Tolerability of Veliparib in Combination with Temozolomide or Veliparib/Placebo in Combination with Carboplatin and Paclitaxel in Subjects with locally recurrent Breast Cancer not amenable to therapy with curative intent, or metastatic breast cancer and a documented (BRCA1) and (BRCA2) deleterious germline mutation.

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  • A Phase 2 Study of Standard Chemotherapy Plus BSI-201 (a PARP Inhibitor) in the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Triple Negative Breast Cancer Not Recruiting

    This study will investigate whether the neoadjuvant combination of gemcitabine, carboplatin, and BSI-201 will cause a high percentage of triple negative breast cancer patients to achieve a pathologic complete response prior to surgery. Based on data generated by BiPar/Sanofi, it is concluded that iniparib does not possess characteristics typical of the PARP inhibitor class. The exact mechanism has not yet been fully elucidated, however based on experiments on tumor cells performed in the laboratory, iniparib is a novel investigational anti-cancer agent that induces gamma-H2AX (a marker of DNA damage) in tumor cell lines, induces cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase in tumor cell lines, and potentiates the cell cycle effects of DNA damaging modalities in tumor cell lines. Investigations into potential targets of iniparib and its metabolites are ongoing.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Pei-Jen Chang, (650) 725 - 0866.

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  • A Study Evaluating The PF-03084014 In Combination With Docetaxel In Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer Recruiting

    This study is aimed to determine the tolerability of the PF-03084014 plus docetaxel combination in patients with advanced breast cancer. Preliminary information about the efficacy of the combination will also be collected.

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  • Neratinib in Metastatic HER2 Non-amplified But HER2 Mutant Breast Cancer Recruiting

    This phase II study will test cancer to see if it has a HER2 mutation and, if so, see how HER2 mutated cancer responds to treatment with neratinib.

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  • 18F FPPRGD2 Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Predicting Early Response in Patients With Cancer Receiving Anti-Angiogenesis Therapy Recruiting

    This phase I/II trial studies fluorine 18 2-fluoropropionyl-labeled pegylated dimeric arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide (18F FPPRGD2) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in predicting early response in patients with cancer receiving anti-angiogenesis therapy. Diagnostic procedures, such as 18F FPPRGD2 PET/CT, may be a less invasive method of finding cancer early and determining response to treatment

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  • Docetaxel and Cyclophosphamide Compared to Anthracycline-Based Chemotherapy in Treating Women With HER2-Negative Breast Cancer Not Recruiting

    RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of breast cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving the drugs in different combinations may kill more breast cancer cells. Giving combination chemotherapy after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying different combination chemotherapy regimens and their side effects and comparing how well they work in treating women with non-metastatic breast cancer.

    Stanford is currently not accepting patients for this trial. For more information, please contact Donna Adelman, 650-724-1953.

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Teaching

2013-14 Courses


Publications

Journal Articles


  • Insight or confusion: survival after response-guided neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY Telli, M. L. 2013; 31 (29): 3613-5
  • Underestimating Cardiac Toxicity in Cancer Trials: Lessons Learned? JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY Witteles, R. M., Telli, M. 2012; 30 (16): 1916-1918

    View details for DOI 10.1200/JCO.2011.40.4012

    View details for Web of Science ID 000304596800010

    View details for PubMedID 22454419

  • PARP inhibitors in cancer: moving beyond BRCA LANCET ONCOLOGY Telli, M. L. 2011; 12 (9): 827-828
  • Asian ethnicity and breast cancer subtypes: a study from the California Cancer Registry BREAST CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT Telli, M. L., Chang, E. T., Kurian, A. W., Keegan, T. H., McClure, L. A., Lichtensztajn, D., Ford, J. M., Gomez, S. L. 2011; 127 (2): 471-478

    Abstract

    The distribution of breast cancer molecular subtypes has been shown to vary by race/ethnicity, highlighting the importance of host factors in breast tumor biology. We undertook the current analysis to determine population-based distributions of breast cancer subtypes among six ethnic Asian groups in California. We defined immunohistochemical (IHC) surrogates for each breast cancer subtype among Chinese, Japanese, Filipina, Korean, Vietnamese, and South Asian patients diagnosed with incident, primary, invasive breast cancer between 2002 and 2007 in the California Cancer Registry as: hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/HER2- [estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and/or progesterone receptor-positive (PR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-)], triple-negative (ER-, PR-, and HER2-), and HER2-positive (ER±, PR±, and HER2+). We calculated frequencies of breast cancer subtypes among Asian ethnic groups and evaluated their associations with clinical and demographic factors. Complete IHC data were available for 8,140 Asian women. Compared to non-Hispanic White women, Korean [odds ratio (OR) = 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.5-2.2], Filipina (OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 1.2-1.5), Vietnamese (OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 1.1-1.6), and Chinese (OR = 1.1, 95% CI = 1.0-1.3) women had a significantly increased risk of being diagnosed with HER2-positive breast cancer subtypes after adjusting for age, stage, grade, socioeconomic status, histology, diagnosis year, nativity, and hospital ownership status. We report a significant ethnic disparity in HER2-positive breast cancer in a large population-based cohort enriched for Asian-Americans. Given the poor prognosis and high treatment costs of HER2-positive breast cancer, our results have implications for healthcare resource utilization, cancer biology, and clinical care.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s10549-010-1173-8

    View details for Web of Science ID 000290227900017

    View details for PubMedID 20957431

  • Left Ventricular Dysfunction in Patients Receiving Cardiotoxic Cancer Therapies Are Clinicians Responding Optimally? JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY Yoon, G. J., Telli, M. L., Kao, D. P., Matsuda, K. Y., Carlson, R. W., Witteles, R. M. 2010; 56 (20): 1644-1650

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to examine treatment practices for cancer therapy-associated decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) detected on echocardiography and whether management was consistent with American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines.Patients treated with anthracyclines or trastuzumab are at risk of cardiotoxicity. Decreased LVEF represents a Class I indication for drug intervention according to American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guidelines.Patients receiving anthracycline or trastuzumab at Stanford University from October 2005 to October 2007 and who had undergone echocardiography before and after receiving an anthracycline or trastuzumab were identified. Chart review examined chemotherapy regimens, cardiac risk factors, imaging results, concomitant medications, and cardiology consultations.Eighty-eight patients received therapy with an anthracycline or trastuzumab and had a pre-treatment and follow-up echocardiogram. Ninety-two percent were treated with anthracyclines, 17% with trastuzumab after an anthracycline, and 8% with trastuzumab without previous treatment with anthracycline. Mean baseline LVEF was 60%, with 14% having a baseline <55%. Forty percent had decreased LVEF (<55%) after anthracycline and/or trastuzumab treatment. Of these patients, 40% received angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker therapy, 51% beta-blocker therapy, and 54% cardiology consultation. Of patients with asymptomatic decreased LVEF, 31% received angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker therapy, 35% beta-blocker therapy, and 42% cardiology consultation. Of those with symptomatic decreased LVEF, 67% received angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker therapy, 100% beta-blocker therapy, and 89% cardiology consultation.Many cancer survivors are not receiving treatment consistent with heart failure guidelines. There is substantial opportunity for collaboration between oncologists and cardiologists to improve the care of oncology patients receiving cardiotoxic therapy.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.jacc.2010.07.023

    View details for Web of Science ID 000283737600007

    View details for PubMedID 21050974

  • Cardiotoxicity associated with the cancer therapeutic agent sunitinib malate ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY Telli, M. L., Witteles, R. M., Fisher, G. A., Srinivas, S. 2008; 19 (9): 1613-1618

    Abstract

    In the pivotal phase III metastatic renal cell carcinoma trial, updated data indicates that 21% of sunitinib-treated patients experienced a decline in left ventricular ejection fraction to below normal. This cardiotoxicity was reported to be reversible and without clinical sequelae. We conducted a retrospective analysis of our institutional experience of cardiotoxicity with sunitinib after observing a high incidence of symptomatic heart failure.Patients receiving sunitinib at Stanford University from 1 July 2004 to 1 July 2007 were identified. Medical records were reviewed and those patients experiencing symptomatic grade 3/4 left ventricular systolic dysfunction were identified. Potential cardiac risk factors were analyzed.Forty-eight patients treated with sunitinib were assessable. Seven patients experienced symptomatic grade 3/4 left ventricular dysfunction 22-435 days after initiation of sunitinib. Three patients had persistent cardiac dysfunction after discontinuation of sunitinib and initiation of heart failure therapy. A history of congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and lower body mass index were factors associated with increased risk.Among patients treated with sunitinib at our institution, 15% developed symptomatic grade 3/4 heart failure. Future studies of sunitinib-related cardiotoxicity are urgently needed, particularly as the oncologic indications for this drug continue to expand.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/annonc/mdn168

    View details for Web of Science ID 000259505400015

    View details for PubMedID 18436521

  • Trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity: Calling into question the concept of reversibility JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY Telli, M. L., Hunt, S. A., Carlson, R. W., Guardino, A. E. 2007; 25 (23): 3525-3533

    Abstract

    To assess the spectrum and reversibility of the cardiotoxicity observed in the adjuvant trastuzumab trials.The design and efficacy of the major adjuvant trastuzumab trials was assessed, including the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project (NSABP) B-31, North Central Cancer Treatment Group N9831, Herceptin Adjuvant, Breast Cancer International Research Group 006, and Finland Herceptin trials. The cardiotoxicity data were evaluated with a focus on the follow-up cardiac evaluations of women who were diagnosed with cardiotoxicity. Proposed mechanisms of trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity were considered. The natural history of congestive heart failure (CHF) was reviewed with the goal of placing the trastuzumab experience in context.Up to 4% of patients enrolled onto the adjuvant trastuzumab trials experienced severe CHF during treatment. In these trials, early stopping rules that identified an unacceptable level of cardiotoxicity were never reached. Despite this, a large number of patients on these trials experienced some form of cardiotoxicity that ultimately required discontinuation of trastuzumab. Approximately 14% of patients in the NSABP B-31 trial discontinued trastuzumab because of asymptomatic decreases in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Results of follow-up cardiac evaluations of patients diagnosed with any degree of cardiotoxicity in the NSABP B-31 trial document that a clinically significant proportion of patients have sustained decrements in their LVEF to less than 50%.Adjuvant trastuzumab provides substantial benefits to patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer, however, competing immediate and long-term cardiovascular risks are a great concern. Continued cardiac follow-up of these women is of critical importance.

    View details for DOI 10.1200/JCO.2007.11.0106

    View details for Web of Science ID 000248744300023

    View details for PubMedID 17687157

  • Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI-based biomarkers of therapeutic response in triple-negative breast cancer. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association Golden, D. I., Lipson, J. A., Telli, M. L., Ford, J. M., Rubin, D. L. 2013; 20 (6): 1059-1066

    Abstract

    To predict the response of breast cancer patients to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) using features derived from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI.60 patients with triple-negative early-stage breast cancer receiving NAC were evaluated. Features assessed included clinical data, patterns of tumor response to treatment determined by DCE-MRI, MRI breast imaging-reporting and data system descriptors, and quantitative lesion kinetic texture derived from the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM). All features except for patterns of response were derived before chemotherapy; GLCM features were determined before and after chemotherapy. Treatment response was defined by the presence of residual invasive tumor and/or positive lymph nodes after chemotherapy. Statistical modeling was performed using Lasso logistic regression.Pre-chemotherapy imaging features predicted all measures of response except for residual tumor. Feature sets varied in effectiveness at predicting different definitions of treatment response, but in general, pre-chemotherapy imaging features were able to predict pathological complete response with area under the curve (AUC)=0.68, residual lymph node metastases with AUC=0.84 and residual tumor with lymph node metastases with AUC=0.83. Imaging features assessed after chemotherapy yielded significantly improved model performance over those assessed before chemotherapy for predicting residual tumor, but no other outcomes.DCE-MRI features can be used to predict whether triple-negative breast cancer patients will respond to NAC. Models such as the ones presented could help to identify patients not likely to respond to treatment and to direct them towards alternative therapies.

    View details for DOI 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001460

    View details for PubMedID 23785100

  • A clinical trial of lovastatin for modification of biomarkers associated with breast cancer risk BREAST CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT Vinayak, S., Schwartz, E. J., Jensen, K., Lipson, J., Alli, B., McPherson, L., Fernandez, A. M., Sharma, V. B., Staton, A., Mills, M. A., Schackmann, E. A., Telli, M. L., Kardashian, A., Ford, J. M., Kurian, A. W. 2013; electronic publication ahead of print, October 30
  • Chest Wall Leiomyosarcoma After Breast-Conservative Therapy for Early-Stage Breast Cancer in a Young Woman With Li-Fraumeni Syndrome JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK Henry, E., Villalobos, V., Million, L., Jensen, K. C., West, R., Ganjoo, K., Lebensohn, A., Ford, J. M., Telli, M. L. 2012; 10 (8): 939-942

    Abstract

    Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is one of the most penetrant forms of familial cancer susceptibility syndromes, characterized by early age at tumor onset and a wide spectrum of malignant tumors. Identifying LFS in patients with cancer is clinically imperative because they have an increased sensitivity to ionizing radiation and are more likely to develop radiation-induced secondary malignancies. This case report describes a young woman whose initial presentation of LFS was early-onset breast cancer and whose treatment of this primary malignancy with breast conservation likely resulted in a secondary malignancy arising in her radiation field. As seen in this case, most breast cancers in patients with LFS exhibit a triple-positive phenotype (estrogen receptor-positive/progesterone receptor-positive/HER2-positive). Although this patient met classic LFS criteria based on age and personal and family history of cancer, the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for Genetic/Familial High-Risk Assessment: Breast and Ovarian Cancer endorse genetic screening for TP53 mutations in a subset of patients with early-onset breast cancer, even in the absence of a suggestive family history, because of the potential for de novo TP53 mutations.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000307494000004

    View details for PubMedID 22878818

  • Breast cancer phenotype in women with TP53 germline mutations: a Li-Fraumeni syndrome consortium effort BREAST CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT Masciari, S., Dillon, D. A., Rath, M., Robson, M., Weitzel, J. N., Balmana, J., Gruber, S. B., Ford, J. M., Euhus, D., Lebensohn, A., Telli, M., Pochebit, S. M., Lypas, G., Garber, J. E. 2012; 133 (3): 1125-1130

    Abstract

    Breast cancer is the most common tumor in women with Li-Fraumeni Syndrome (LFS), an inherited cancer syndrome associated with germline mutations in the TP53 tumor suppressor gene. Their lifetime breast cancer risk is 49% by age 60. Breast cancers in TP53 mutation carriers recently have more often been reported to be hormone receptor and HER-2 positive by immunohistochemistry and FISH in small series. We seek to complement the existing small literature with this report of a histopathologic analysis of breast cancers from women with documented LFS. Unstained slides and paraffin-embedded tumor blocks from breast cancers from 39 germline TP53 mutation carriers were assembled from investigators in the LFS consortium. Central histology review was performed on 93% of the specimens by a single breast pathologist from a major university hospital. Histology, grade, and hormone receptor status were assessed by immunohistochemistry; HER-2 status was defined by immunohistochemistry and/or FISH. The 43 tumors from 39 women comprise 32 invasive ductal carcinomas and 11 ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS). No other histologies were observed. The median age at diagnosis was 32 years (range 22-46). Of the invasive cancers, 84% were positive for ER and/or PR; and 81% were high grade. Sixty three percent of invasive and 73% of in situ carcinomas were positive for Her2/neu (IHC 3+ or FISH amplified). Of the invasive tumors, 53% were positive for both ER and HER2+; other ER/PR/HER2 combinations were observed. The DCIS were positive for ER and HER2 in 27% of the cases. This report of the phenotype of breast cancers from women with LFS nearly doubles the literature on this topic. Most DCIS and invasive ductal carcinomas in LFS are hormone receptor positive and/or HER-2 positive. These findings suggest that modern treatments may result in improved outcomes for women with LFS-associated breast cancer.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s10549-012-1993-9

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305914900030

    View details for PubMedID 22392042

  • Single Cell Profiling of Circulating Tumor Cells: Transcriptional Heterogeneity and Diversity from Breast Cancer Cell Lines PLOS ONE Powell, A. A., Talasaz, A. H., Zhang, H., Coram, M. A., Reddy, A., Deng, G., Telli, M. L., Advani, R. H., Carlson, R. W., Mollick, J. A., Sheth, S., Kurian, A. W., Ford, J. M., Stockdale, F. E., Quake, S. R., Pease, R. F., Mindrinos, M. N., Bhanot, G., Dairkee, S. H., Davis, R. W., Jeffrey, S. S. 2012; 7 (5)

    Abstract

    To improve cancer therapy, it is critical to target metastasizing cells. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are rare cells found in the blood of patients with solid tumors and may play a key role in cancer dissemination. Uncovering CTC phenotypes offers a potential avenue to inform treatment. However, CTC transcriptional profiling is limited by leukocyte contamination; an approach to surmount this problem is single cell analysis. Here we demonstrate feasibility of performing high dimensional single CTC profiling, providing early insight into CTC heterogeneity and allowing comparisons to breast cancer cell lines widely used for drug discovery.We purified CTCs using the MagSweeper, an immunomagnetic enrichment device that isolates live tumor cells from unfractionated blood. CTCs that met stringent criteria for further analysis were obtained from 70% (14/20) of primary and 70% (21/30) of metastatic breast cancer patients; none were captured from patients with non-epithelial cancer (n = 20) or healthy subjects (n = 25). Microfluidic-based single cell transcriptional profiling of 87 cancer-associated and reference genes showed heterogeneity among individual CTCs, separating them into two major subgroups, based on 31 highly expressed genes. In contrast, single cells from seven breast cancer cell lines were tightly clustered together by sample ID and ER status. CTC profiles were distinct from those of cancer cell lines, questioning the suitability of such lines for drug discovery efforts for late stage cancer therapy.For the first time, we directly measured high dimensional gene expression in individual CTCs without the common practice of pooling such cells. Elevated transcript levels of genes associated with metastasis NPTN, S100A4, S100A9, and with epithelial mesenchymal transition: VIM, TGFß1, ZEB2, FOXC1, CXCR4, were striking compared to cell lines. Our findings demonstrate that profiling CTCs on a cell-by-cell basis is possible and may facilitate the application of 'liquid biopsies' to better model drug discovery.

    View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0033788

    View details for Web of Science ID 000305335000005

    View details for PubMedID 22586443

  • Prevalence, putative mechanisms, and current management of sleep problems during chemotherapy for cancer. Nature and science of sleep Palesh, O., Peppone, L., Innominato, P. F., Janelsins, M., Jeong, M., Sprod, L., Savard, J., Rotatori, M., Kesler, S., Telli, M., Mustian, K. 2012; 4: 151-162

    Abstract

    Sleep problems are highly prevalent in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. This article reviews existing evidence on etiology, associated symptoms, and management of sleep problems associated with chemotherapy treatment during cancer. It also discusses limitations and methodological issues of current research. The existing literature suggests that subjectively and objectively measured sleep problems are the highest during the chemotherapy phase of cancer treatments. A possibly involved mechanism reviewed here includes the rise in the circulating proinflammatory cytokines and the associated disruption in circadian rhythm in the development and maintenance of sleep dysregulation in cancer patients during chemotherapy. Various approaches to the management of sleep problems during chemotherapy are discussed with behavioral intervention showing promise. Exercise, including yoga, also appear to be effective and safe at least for subclinical levels of sleep problems in cancer patients. Numerous challenges are associated with conducting research on sleep in cancer patients during chemotherapy treatments and they are discussed in this review. Dedicated intervention trials, methodologically sound and sufficiently powered, are needed to test current and novel treatments of sleep problems in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Optimal management of sleep problems in patients with cancer receiving treatment may improve not only the well-being of patients, but also their prognosis given the emerging experimental and clinical evidence suggesting that sleep disruption might adversely impact treatment and recovery from cancer.

    View details for PubMedID 23486503

  • Chemotherapy-Associated Cardiotoxicity: How Often Does it Really Occur and How Can it Be Prevented? HEART FAILURE CLINICS Witteles, R. M., Fowler, M. B., Telli, M. L. 2011; 7 (3): 333-?

    Abstract

    Cardiotoxicity remains the limiting factor for many forms of cancer therapy and is the focus of growing research and clinical emphasis. This article outlines the current clinical evidence for left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure for the two most important classes of cardiotoxic chemotherapeutic agents, examines the potential pitfalls that have led to underestimated rates of left ventricular dysfunction from these agents, and reviews strategies for screening for and providing prophylaxis against chemotherapy-associated left ventricular dysfunction.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.hfc.2011.03.005

    View details for Web of Science ID 000307494700006

    View details for PubMedID 21749885

  • Trastuzumab-Related Cardiac Dysfunction JOURNAL OF THE NATIONAL COMPREHENSIVE CANCER NETWORK Telli, M. L., Witteles, R. M. 2011; 9 (2): 243-249

    Abstract

    The use of trastuzumab in the adjuvant and metastatic treatment of breast cancer is associated with both symptomatic and asymptomatic cardiotoxicity. The long-term significance of these events, isolating known cardiotoxic effects of anthracyclines from those of trastuzumab, and the appropriateness of referring to trastuzumab-related cardiotoxicity as reversible rather than responsive to trastuzumab withdrawal and heart failure medical therapy, are issues that continue to be debated. This article provides an overview of the available cardiac safety data from the major trastuzumab clinical trials in breast cancer, highlighting areas of ongoing controversy. Important recent data documenting the occurrence and prognostic use of cardiac troponin I elevations among patients treated with trastuzumab are placed into context with the mechanistic insight these data provide and the implications for clinical practice today.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000287942900005

    View details for PubMedID 21310845

  • PARP inhibitors in breast cancer. Clinical advances in hematology & oncology : H&O Telli, M. L., Ford, J. M. 2010; 8 (9): 629-635

    Abstract

    The therapeutic implications of DNA damage in cancer therapy have long been appreciated and form the basis of many successful cytotoxic chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatment strategies. A novel class of DNA repair defect targeted therapeutics that inhibit poly (ADP-Ribose) polymerase (PARP) are being rapidly developed in breast cancer based on exciting preliminary clinical activity as single agents in BRCA mutation-associated breast cancer and in combination with chemotherapy in triple-negative breast cancer. Though there is widespread enthusiasm to move these drugs forward quickly, much remains to be understood about the optimal use of the novel agents. Here we review the clinical development of PARP inhibitors in breast cancer and highlight clinical trials in progress. We also provide commentary on a series of outstanding questions in the field, the answers to which will be critical for the successful development of PARP inhibitor-based strategies in early- and late-stage breast cancer.

    View details for PubMedID 21157412

  • Novel Treatment Approaches for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer CLINICAL BREAST CANCER Telli, M. L., Ford, J. M. 2010; 10: E16-E22

    Abstract

    Triple-negative breast cancers share an aggressive biology, marked by increased recurrence risk and poorer survival compared with hormone receptor-positive subtypes. Few therapeutic trials have specifically focused on triple-negative breast cancer, and the treatment of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer has changed little in the past decade. Over this time, however, attention has shifted to treatment approaches based on molecular subtypes of breast cancer, and investigation into the mechanistic underpinnings of these distinct subtypes has exploded. Converging preclinical rationales combined with early provocative clinical efficacy has focused recent attention on strategies targeting DNA repair defects for the treatment of patients with triple-negative and BRCA mutation-associated breast cancers. These developments are very promising and suggest that major advances in the targeted treatment of patients with triple-negative breast cancer are in sight. This review provides an overview of the clinical features of triple-negative breast cancer and current treatment strategies in the adjuvant setting. Mechanisms of DNA repair and the DNA damage response are reviewed to provide background for understanding novel approaches targeting DNA repair defects in this disease with DNA-damaging chemotherapeutic agents and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors. Ongoing studies, including those investigating the role of antiangiogenic therapies, are also reviewed.

    View details for DOI 10.3816/CBC.2010.s.003

    View details for Web of Science ID 000279318400003

    View details for PubMedID 20587403

  • Increasing Mastectomy Rates for Early-Stage Breast Cancer? Population-Based Trends From California JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY Gomez, S. L., Lichtensztajn, D., Kurian, A. W., Telli, M. L., Chang, E. T., Keegan, T. H., Glaser, S. L., Clarke, C. A. 2010; 28 (10): E155-E157

    View details for DOI 10.1200/JCO.2009.26.1032

    View details for Web of Science ID 000276152200036

    View details for PubMedID 20159812

  • Longer Relative Telomere Length in Blood from Women with Sporadic and Familial Breast Cancer Compared with Healthy Controls CANCER EPIDEMIOLOGY BIOMARKERS & PREVENTION Gramatges, M. M., Telli, M. L., Balise, R., Ford, J. M. 2010; 19 (2): 605-613

    Abstract

    Telomeres cap the ends of chromosomes and are composed of a series of noncoding hexamer repeats. Telomeres protect the integrity of DNA coding sequences and are integral to the maintenance of genomic stability. Previous studies have shown an association between shortened lymphocyte telomeres and increased risk for specific cancers. However, the association between telomere length and breast cancer risk is less clear. We examined the relative telomere length (RTL) in blood from women with no personal or family history of cancer (controls) compared with different populations of women with breast cancer and women at high genetic risk for developing breast cancer. RTL was determined as the telomere to single gene copy number ratio assessed by quantitative PCR. Breast cancer cases (low risk, n = 40; high risk, n = 62) had significantly longer RTL compared with unaffected controls (n = 50; mean RTL = 1.11 versus 0.84; P < 0.0001). The assessment of risk by RTL quartile showed an increased risk for breast cancer with each longer quartile, with the most significant risk observed in the longest quartile (odds ratio, 23.3; confidence interval, 4.4-122.3; P < 0.0003). Women without breast cancer but at high risk due to family history (n = 30) also showed longer telomeres than controls (mean RTL = 1.09 versus 0.84; P < 0.0001). Our analysis supports previous findings of longer RTL in breast cancer cases compared with controls, and is the first to observe longer RTL in women without breast cancer identified as high risk based on family history.

    View details for DOI 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0896

    View details for Web of Science ID 000278403900035

    View details for PubMedID 20142254

  • First-Line Chemotherapy for Metastatic Breast Cancer CLINICAL BREAST CANCER Telli, M. L., Carlson, R. W. 2009; 9: S66-S72

    Abstract

    The selection of first-line chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is complex because of the myriad of treatment options available and the inherent biologic heterogeneity of the disease. The potential treatment options are greatly influenced by estrogen and progesterone receptor and HER2 status of the tumor, and biopsy with reassessment of these markers at the time of disease recurrence is strongly recommended. Metastatic breast cancer is generally an incurable disease, with survival that could range from months to several years. Important but modest improvements in overall survival (OS) have been observed for women with MBC over the past few decades, in part because of improvements in systemic therapy. For women with endocrine-responsive disease, hormonal therapy is the appropriate initial treatment choice at the time of disease recurrence with rare exception. Initiation of systemic chemotherapy is appropriate for women with disease that is either hormone receptor negative, endocrine therapy refractory, or rapidly progressive with visceral involvement. The addition of trastuzumab to chemotherapy for women with HER2-positive breast cancer represents a clear standard of care. For HER2-negative MBC, sequential single-agent chemotherapy is preferred over combination therapy as a result of the more favorable toxicity profile and absence of a clinically significant improvement in survival with combination treatment. Many single-agent chemotherapeutic agents have activity in MBC, with most data supporting an anthracycline- or taxane-based approach. Bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy prolongs progression-free survival in women with MBC, though its position in the first-line treatment of MBC relative to standard chemotherapy remains unclear at this time because of lack of OS benefit.

    View details for DOI 10.3816/CBC.2009.s.007

    View details for Web of Science ID 000267527100003

    View details for PubMedID 19596645

  • Phyllodes tumors of the breast: natural history, diagnosis, and treatment. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Telli, M. L., Horst, K. C., Guardino, A. E., Dirbas, F. M., Carlson, R. W. 2007; 5 (3): 324-330

    Abstract

    Phyllodes tumors of the breast are unusual fibroepithelial tumors that exhibit a wide range of clinical behavior. These tumors are categorized as benign, borderline, or malignant based on a combination of histologic features. The prognosis of phyllodes tumors is favorable, with local recurrence occurring in approximately 15% of patients overall and distant recurrence in approximately 5% to 10% overall. Wide excision with a greater than 1 cm margin is definitive primary therapy. Adjuvant systemic therapy is of no proven value. Patients with locally recurrent disease should undergo wide excision of the recurrence with or without subsequent radiotherapy.

    View details for PubMedID 17439760

  • Epidermal growth factor and angiotensin II regulation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase in rat liver epithelial WB cells BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY Yang, L. J., Guo, Y. L., Trygankova, O., Li, Q. Y., Maloney, J. A., Steinhauer, M., Williamson, J. R. 1999; 57 (4): 425-432

    Abstract

    Activation of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) is considered essential for mitogenesis. In the present study, rat liver epithelial WB cells were used to investigate the relative roles of Ca2+, protein kinase C (PKC), and protein tyrosine phosphorylation in mitogenesis and activation of the ERK pathway stimulated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and angiotensin II (Ang II). The sensitivity of the ERK pathway to Ca2+ was studied by using 1,2-bis (O-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA) to chelate intracellular Ca2+ and a low extracellular Ca2+ concentration to prevent Ca2+ influx. Agonist-induced PKC activation was diminished by inhibition of PKC by GF-109203X (bisindolylmaleimide) or by down-regulation of PKC by long-term treatment of the cells with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Our results show that although activation of PKC was critical for mitogenesis induced by Ang II or EGF, the initial activation of ERK by both agonists in these cells was essentially independent of PKC activation and was insensitive to Ca2+ mobilization. This is in contrast to the findings in some cell types that exhibit a marked dependency on mobilization of Ca2+ and/or PKC activation. On the other hand, an obligatory tyrosine phosphorylation step for activation of ERK was indicated by the use of protein tyrosine kinase inhibitors, which profoundly inhibited the activation of ERK by EGF, Ang II, and PMA. Additional experiments indicated that tyrosine phosphorylation by a cytosolic tyrosine kinase may represent a general mechanism for G-protein coupled receptor mediated ERK activation.

    View details for Web of Science ID 000078201600012

    View details for PubMedID 9933031

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