School of Medicine
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Consulting Professor, Stanford Center Biomedical Ethics Operations
Bio Following his residency and two years in the U.S. Army
Surgical Research Unit, Larry Zaroff has had five
careers. He focused for 29 years on cardiac surgery, includ-
ing a stint as director of the cardiac surgical research
laboratory at Harvard. There his work centered on the
development of the demand pacemaker. He spent the next
10 years concentrating on climbing and did a first ascent
of Chulu West, a 22,000-foot peak on the Nepal-Tibet bor-
der. His third life has been at Stanford, where he received
a Ph.D. in 2000, and where he teaches courses in medical
humanities. His fourth career has been as a writer, publishing in the NYT science section, Pharos, Pulse, Atrium, The Hektoen International Journal, and others. He also has worked one day a week as a volunteer family doctor. He has received awards as the outstanding faculty advisor for the Human Biology program and in 2006 was honored as Stanford's Teacher of the Year.
Experimental Neuropsychologist & Research Consultant, Med/Infectious Diseases
Current Role at Stanford The research we conduct focuses on the cognitive neuroscience of chronic infection-related diseases. We are currently exploring how the brain represents fatigue, post-exertional malaise and cognitive impairment in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. With neurologically healthy and impaired participants, one prominent goal is to develop neuropsychological models of how infectious disease can produce cognitive impairment. Using a combination of Clinical Neuropsychiatric techniques, Neuropsychological testing and Electroencephalographic (EEG) measurement, we relate functional brain dynamics to patient symptoms in real time.
Our research team is also interested in motor control in CFS. Our current work suggests disturbances in response selection and overall control of movement within CFS. Hypotheses include how individuals with CFS process information related to attention shifting and preparation of response alternatives. We are interested in all high level functions of the cortex and how subcortical structures control the cortex.