Education & Certifications
Bachelor of Arts, Harvard University, Biomedical Engineering (2014)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in adults. Although vitamin D deficiency is associated with AF risk factors, retrospective studies of association with AF have shown mixed results. We sought to determine the efficacy of calcium and vitamin D (CaD) supplementation for AF prevention in a randomized trial.We performed a secondary analysis of the Women's Health Initiative trial on CaD supplementation versus placebo. We linked participants to their Medicare claims to ascertain incident AF.Among 16,801 included participants, there were 1,453 (8.6%) cases of incident AF over an average of 4.5 years, at an average rate of 19.9 events per 1,000 person-years. We found no significant difference in incident AF rates between the CaD and placebo arms (hazard ratio 1.02 for CaD vs placebo, 95% CI 0.92-1.13). After multivariate adjustment, there was no significant association between baseline 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum levels and incident AF (hazard ratio 0.92 for lowest subgroup vs highest subgroup, 95% CI 0.66-1.28).We present the first analysis of a large randomized trial of daily vitamin D supplementation for AF prevention. We found that CaD had no effect on incidence of AF in Women's Health Initiative CaD trial participants. We also found that baseline serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was not predictive of long-term incident AF risk.
View details for DOI 10.1016/j.ahj.2018.12.006
View details for PubMedID 30685677
VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors have become first-line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Their use commonly leads to hypertension, but their effects on long-term renal function are not known. In addition, it has been suggested that the development of hypertension is linked to treatment efficacy. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of these drugs on long-term renal function, especially in those with renal dysfunction at baseline, and to examine the role of hypertension on these effects. Serum creatinine measurements were used to calculate the estimated glomerular filtration rate for 130 renal cell carcinoma patients who were treated with this class of tyrosine kinase inhibitors. New or worsening hypertension was defined by documented start or addition of antihypertensive medications. Overall, the use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with estimated glomerular filtration <60 or ≥60 mL/min per 1.73 m(2) was not associated with a decline in long-term renal function. During follow-up, 41 patients developed new or worsening hypertension within 30 days from first drug administration, and this was not linked to further reductions in glomerular filtration. These patients seemed to survive longer than those who did not develop hypertension within 30 days, although this was not statistically significant (P=0.07). Our findings suggest that the use of VEGF tyrosine kinase inhibitors does not adversely affect long-term renal function even in the setting of new-onset hypertension or reduced renal function at baseline.
View details for DOI 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.117.09275
View details for PubMedID 28739979
To systematically review literature evidence on temporal bone-resurfacing techniques for pulsatile tinnitus (PT) associated with vascular wall anomalies.We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database. The period covered was from 1962 to 2018.We included studies in all languages that reported resurfacing outcomes for patients with PT and radiographic evidence or direct visualization of sigmoid sinus wall anomaly, jugular bulb wall anomaly, or dehiscent or aberrant internal carotid artery.Of 954 citations retrieved in database searches and 5 citations retrieved from reference lists, 20 studies with a total of 141 resurfacing cases involving 138 patients were included. Resurfacing outcomes for arterial sources of PT showed 3 of 5 cases (60%) with complete resolution and 2 (40%) with partial resolution. Jugular bulb sources of PT showed 11 of 14 cases (79%) with complete resolution and 1 (7%) with partial resolution. Sigmoid sinus sources of PT showed 91 of 121 cases (75%) with complete resolution and 12 (10%) with partial resolution. Symptoms occurred more in females and on the right side. Most cases (94%) used hard-density materials for resurfacing. Material density did not appear to be associated with resurfacing outcomes. Use of autologous materials was associated with improved outcomes for arterial sources resurfacing. Major complications involving sigmoid sinus thrombosis or compression were reported in 4% of cases without long-term morbidity or mortality.Resurfacing surgery is likely effective and well tolerated for select patients with PT associated with various vascular wall anomalies.
View details for DOI 10.1177/0194599818823205
View details for PubMedID 30667295
View details for DOI 10.1200/JCO.2018.79.0642