All Publications

  • Safety and efficacy of using 2.4/2.4mm and 2.0/2.4mm dual mini-fragment plate combinations for fixation of displaced diaphyseal clavicle fractures. Injury Chen, M. J., DeBaun, M. R., Salazar, B. P., Lai, C., Bishop, J. A., Gardner, M. J. 2020


    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of using lower profile 2.4/2.4mm and 2.0/2.4mm dual mini-fragment plate constructs for fixation of diaphyseal clavicle fractures.METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of all displaced diaphyseal clavicle fractures treated with 2.4/2.4 and 2.0/2.4 dual mini-fragment plate constructs at a single level-one trauma center. Postoperative complications and fracture healing rates were recorded. A subset of patients with long-term follow up was used to determine the rate of reoperation for symptomatic implant removal.RESULTS: All 36 identified fractures healed without loss of reduction or implant failure. There was one superficial infection and no deep infections or cases of wound dehiscence. Twenty patients from the entire cohort had longer-term follow up available to assess the reoperation rate for symptomatic implant removal. Two patients (10%) underwent symptomatic implant removal, and one patient with retained implants was planning on future removal due to soft-tissue irritation; this combined to a projected reoperation rate of 15% for symptomatic implant removal.CONCLUSION: Dual mini-fragment plating of diaphyseal clavicle fractures, using 2.4/2.4mm and 2.0/2.4mm plate combinations, creates a lower profile construct that reliably maintains fracture reduction to healing, and has a low rate of reoperation for symptomatic implant removal.

    View details for DOI 10.1016/j.injury.2020.01.014

    View details for PubMedID 31948781

  • Dual Mini-Fragment Plating is Comparable to Precontoured Small Fragment Plating for Operative Diaphyseal Clavicle Fractures: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Journal of orthopaedic trauma DeBaun, M. R., Chen, M. J., Campbell, S. T., Goodnough, L. H., Lai, C., Salazar, B. P., Bishop, J. A., Gardner, M. J. 2019


    OBJECTIVES: To compare precontoured (Pc) small fragment plating to dual mini-fragment plating (DmF) for open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of diaphyseal clavicle fractures.DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort SETTING:: Level 1 Trauma CenterPatients/Participants: A total of 133 patients with displaced fractures of the diaphyseal clavicle (OTA/AO 15-B1, -2, and -3) treated with ORIF with a minimum of 1 year follow up or until radiographic and clinical union.INTERVENTION: Two patient cohorts were identified: 1) patients treated with orthogonal DmF plate constructs and 2) patients treated with Pc clavicle-specific plates.OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Union rate and implant removal were assessed using standard descriptive statistics. Odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and p-values (p) were calculated.RESULTS: There were 60 DmF and 74 Pc patients. There were no significant differences between groups with respect to age, gender, surgeon, body mass index, or mode of fixation. There was no significant difference in union (98.3% DmF; 100% Pc, p=0.45) or maintenance of reduction (98.3% DmF; 100% Pc, p=0.45). A total of 8% of DmF patients had symptomatic implant removal compared to 20% of Pc patients (OR 0.36, CI 0.12-1.05, p=0.061).CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective comparative study found no difference in union or maintenance of reduction for diaphyseal clavicle fractures fixed with DmF compared to Pc plating. Patients treated with DmF plates may have lower rates of symptomatic implant removal.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level III.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001727

    View details for PubMedID 31868765

  • Understanding the Radiographic Anatomy of the Proximal Ulna and Avoiding Inadvertent Intraarticular Screw Placement. Journal of orthopaedic trauma Githens, T. C., Campbell, S. T., Salazar, B., Goodnough, L. H., DeBaun, M. R., Bishop, J. A., Gardner, M. J. 2019


    To map the proximal ulnar articular margins and ensure safe extraarticular placement of implants.Ten fresh frozen adult elbow cadaver specimens were obtained. Radio opaque wire was applied to the articular margin of the articular facets and the central trochlear ridge of the proximal ulna. Fluoroscopic images were obtained demonstrating the articular facet margins. Radiographic measurements were performed and used to identify relative safe screw zones.All specimens demonstrated marked extension of the ulnar and radial facets dorsal to the central trochlear ridge. The dorsal extent of the ulnar facets from the central trochlear ridge averaged 9.7 mm (range, 7.9-13 mm; SD, 1.5 mm) and 6.2 mm (range, 3.4-9.4 mm; SD, 1.9 mm) respectively. The average footprint of the posterior ulnar facet occupied 44% (+/-4.9%) of the total ulnar height from the dorsal cortex to the trochlear ridge.The articular margins of the anterior and posterior facets of the proximal ulna are challenging to identify radiographically. A surgical "at risk zone" exists within 9.7 mm from the radiographic margin of the central trochlear ridge. Implants placed within this zone have the potential to violate the articular surface.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001638

    View details for PubMedID 31809415