Renal transplant outcomes have been shown to be impacted by ethnicity. Prior studies have evaluated the disparate transplant outcomes of Black recipients and recipients of Black donors. However, it has remained unclear whether other donor ethnicities independent of medical comorbidities can influence transplant outcomes. Utilizing the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) (with greater than 100,000 patients), we evaluated the effect of each ethnicity, Black, American Indian, Hispanic, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and Asian as compared to White recipients on adverse kidney transplant outcomes, assessing for delayed graft function, positive urine protein, acute rejection, and graft failure. Additionally, we assessed the interplay of donor ethnicity on recipient transplant outcomes, which has not previously been comprehensively examined. Logistic regression analysis that took into consideration gender, age, comorbidities, graft type, donor ethnicity, body mass index (BMI), HLA mismatch, ever been on hemodialysis, and time on dialysis indicates that Black recipients have worse outcomes compared to Whites in all outcomes assessed. A logistic regression analysis showed that recipient ethnicity was an independent risk factor for adverse outcomes. Notably, we found that donor ethnicity also independently affects graft outcomes. Hispanic donors lead to better outcomes in Whites and Blacks, while Asian donors have the best outcomes amongst Asian recipients. Recipients of Black donors fared the worst of all ethnicity donors. These data suggest the potential importance of risk stratification for the donor allograft and developing risk calculators that include both donor and recipient ethnicity may be useful, which the current Kidney Donor Profile Index (KDPI) does not currently take into account as they give black donors a different weight, but the same score is assigned to Whites, Asians, and Hispanics.
View details for DOI 10.1007/s40615-017-0447-9
View details for PubMedID 29270842