Education & Certifications

  • Bachelor of Science, University of California San Diego (2009)


  • 2014 Summer - UROL 338A Advanced Urology Clerkship
  • 2014 Summer - UROL 338W Advanced Urology Clerkship (Away)
  • 2013 Spring - MED 300A General Medicine Core Clerkship
  • 2013 Spring - PEDS 300A Child Health Clerkship
  • 2013 Winter - MED 300A General Medicine Core Clerkship
  • 2013 Winter - SURG 300A General Surgery Clerkship
  • 2012 Autumn - FAMMED 301A Family Medicine Core Clerkship
  • 2012 Autumn - NENS 301A General Neurology Core Clerkship
  • 2012 Autumn - RAD 301A Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine Clerkship
  • 2012 Summer - OBGYN 300A Basic Gynecology and Obstetrics Clerkship
  • 2012 Summer - RAD 304A Pediatric Radiology Clerkship

Stanford Advisors

Research & Scholarship

Lab Affiliations


Journal Articles

  • Emerging endoscopic imaging technologies for bladder cancer detection. Current urology reports Lopez, A., Liao, J. C. 2014; 15 (5): 406-?


    Modern urologic endoscopy is the result of continuous innovations since the early nineteenth century. White-light cystoscopy is the primary strategy for identification, resection, and local staging of bladder cancer. While highly effective, white light cystoscopy has several well-recognized shortcomings. Recent advances in optical imaging technologies and device miniaturization hold the potential to improve bladder cancer diagnosis and resection. Photodynamic diagnosis and narrow band imaging are the first to enter the clinical arena. Confocal laser endomicroscopy, optical coherence tomography, Raman spectroscopy, UV autofluorescence, and others have shown promising clinical and pre-clinical feasibility. We review their mechanisms of action, highlight their respective advantages, and propose future directions.

    View details for DOI 10.1007/s11934-014-0406-5

    View details for PubMedID 24658832

Stanford Medicine Resources: